1:1 Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat.
1:2 Wherefore his servants said unto him, Let there be sought for my lord the king a young virgin: and let her stand before the king, and cherish him; and let her lie in thy bosom, that my lord the king may get heat.
1:3 So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the borders of Israel, and found Abishag the Shunammite, and brought her to the king.
1:4 And the damsel was very fair; and she cherished the king, and ministered to him; but the king knew her not.
1:5 Then Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, I will be king: and he prepared him chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.
1:6 And his father had not displeased him 1at any time in saying, Why hast thou done so? and he was also a very goodly man; and he was born after Absalom.
1Or, all his life in saying,1:7 And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him.
1:8 But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men that belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.
1:9 And Adonijah 2slew sheep and oxen and fatlings by 3the stone of Zoheleth, which is beside 4En-rogel; and he called all his brethren, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants:
2Or, sacrificed Similarly in vss. 19, 25.1:10 but Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon his brother, he called not.
3Soncino commentary says, The meaning is ‘the serpent’s stone.’ It is usually identified with ez‑Zehweleh, a winding stair hewn in the rock of the mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem.
4Soncino commentary says, i.e., ‘the fuller’s fountain,’ a compound of en, ‘fountain,’ and rogel (from regel, ‘foot’), ‘fuller,’ probably because the washing was done by treading upon the clothes with the foot. The fountain lay on the south-east of Jerusalem, near Siloam, between the territories of Benjamin and Judah (Josh 15:7, 18:16).
1:11 Then Nathan spake unto Bath-sheba the mother of Solomon, saying, Hast thou not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith doth reign, and David our lord knoweth it not?
1:12 Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that thou mayest save thine own soul, and the soul of thy son Solomon.
1:13 Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thy handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign?
1:14 Behold, while thou yet talkest there with the king, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words.
1:15 And Bath-sheba went in unto the king into the chamber: and the king was very old; and Abishag the Shunammite was ministering unto the king.
1:16 And Bath-sheba bowed, and did obeisance unto the king. And the king said, What wouldest thou?
1:17 And she said unto him, My lord, 5thou swarest by Jehovah thy God unto thy handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne.
51Chr 22:9-12.1:18 And now, behold, Adonijah reigneth; 6and thou, my lord the king, knowest it not:
6So Many mss., and the versions. A majority of the Massoretic reads and now, my lord the king, thou1:19 and he hath slain oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the sons of the king, and Abiathar the priest, and Joab the captain of the host; but Solomon thy servant hath he not called.
1:20 And 7thou, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are upon thee, that thou shouldest tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.
7Many mss. read now,1:21 Otherwise it will come to pass, when my lord the king shall sleep with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon shall be counted 8offenders.
8Hb. sinners.1:22 And, lo, while she yet talked with the king, Nathan the prophet came in.
1:23 And they told the king, saying, Behold, Nathan the prophet. And when he was come in before the king, he bowed himself before the king with his face to the ground.
1:24 And Nathan said, My lord, O king, hast thou said, Adonijah shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne?
1:25 For he is gone down this day, and hath slain oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the king’s sons, and the captains of the host, and Abiathar the priest; and, behold, they are eating and drinking before him, and say, Long live king Adonijah.
1:26 But me, even me thy servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and thy servant Solomon, hath he not called.
1:27 Is this thing done by my lord the king, and thou hast not showed unto thy 9servants who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?
9Hbmg some mss. and versions read servant1:28 Then king David answered and said, Call to me Bath-sheba. And she came into the king’s presence, and stood before the king.
1:29 And the king sware, and said, As Jehovah liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity,
1:30 truly as I sware unto thee by Jehovah, the God of Israel, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead; truly so will I do this day.
1:31 Then Bath-sheba bowed with her face to the earth, and did obeisance to the king, and said, Let my lord king David live for ever.
1:32 And king David said, Call to me Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada. And they came before the king.
1:33 And the king said unto them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon:
1:34 and let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel; and blow ye the trumpet, and say, Long live king Solomon.
1:35 Then ye shall come up after him, and he shall come and sit upon my throne; for he shall be king in my stead; and I have appointed him to be 10prince over Israel and over Judah.
10Or, leader1:36 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king, and said, Amen: Jehovah, the God of my lord the king, say so too.
1:37 As Jehovah hath been with my lord the king, even so be he with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord king David.
1:38 So Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and 11the Cherethites and the Pelethites, went down, and caused Solomon to ride upon king David’s mule, and brought him to Gihon.
11Likely, the elite palace guard and the couriers, And so elsewhere. Compare 2Sa 20:7, 23.1:39 And Zadok the priest took the horn of oil out of the Tent, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, Long live king Solomon.
1:40 And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth rent with the sound of them.
1:41 And Adonijah and all the guests that were with him heard it as they had made an end of eating. And when Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, Wherefore is this noise of the city being in an uproar?
1:42 While he yet spake, behold, Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came: and Adonijah said, Come in; for thou art a worthy man, and bringest good tidings.
1:43 And Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, Truly our lord king David hath made Solomon king:
1:44 and the king hath sent with him Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and they have caused him to ride upon the king’s mule;
1:45 and Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon; and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This is the noise that ye have heard.
1:46 And also Solomon sitteth on the throne of the kingdom.
1:47 And moreover the king’s servants came to bless our lord king David, saying, 12Thy God make the name of Solomon better than thy name, and make his throne greater than thy throne: and the king bowed himself upon the bed.
12Hbmg omits Thy1:48 And also thus said the king, Blessed be Jehovah, the God of Israel, who hath given one to sit on my throne this day, mine eyes even seeing it.
1:49 And all the guests of Adonijah were afraid, and rose up, and went every man his way.
1:50 And Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
1:51 And it was told Solomon, saying, Behold, Adonijah feareth king Solomon; for, lo, he hath laid hold on the horns of the altar, saying, Let king Solomon swear unto me 13first that he will not slay his servant with the sword.
13Hb. today1:52 And Solomon said, If he shall show himself a worthy man, there shall not a hair of him fall to the earth; but if wickedness be found in him, he shall die.
1:53 So king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and did obeisance to king Solomon; and Solomon said unto him, Go to thy house.
2:1 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying,
2:2 I am going the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and show thyself a man;
2:3 and keep the charge of Jehovah thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his ordinances, and his testimonies, according to that which is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest 14prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself;
14Or, do wisely in all that thou doest,2:4 that Jehovah may establish his word which he spake concerning me, saying, If thy children take heed to their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee (said he) a man on the throne of Israel.
2:5 Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did unto me, even what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and 15shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet.
15Hb. set2:6 Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to Sheol in peace.
2:7 But show kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table; for so they came to me when I fled from Absalom thy brother.
2:8 And, behold, there is with thee Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite, of Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim; but he came down to meet me at the Jordan, and I sware to him by Jehovah, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword.
2:9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless, for thou art a wise man; and thou wilt know what thou oughtest to do unto him, and thou shalt bring his hoar head down to Sheol with blood.
2:10 And David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.
2:11 And the days that David reigned over Israel were 16forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty-three years reigned he in Jerusalem.
16The enumeration does not distinguish the month of accession or the month of demise, but the number of New Years days that were crossed. Cf. 2Sa 5:5.2:12 And Solomon sat upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly.
2:13 Then Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bath-sheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, Comest thou peaceably? And he said, Peaceably.
2:14 He said moreover, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And she said, Say on.
2:15 And he said, Thou knowest that mine was the kingdom, and that all Israel set their faces on me, that I should reign: howbeit the kingdom is turned about, and is become my brother’s; for it was his from Jehovah.
2:16 And now I ask one petition of thee; 17deny me not. And she said unto him, Say on.
17Hb. turn not away my face. Also in vs. 20.2:17 And he said, Speak, I pray thee, unto Solomon the king (for he will not say thee no), that he give me Abishag the Shunammite to wife.
2:18 And Bath-sheba said, Well; I will speak for thee unto the king.
2:19 Bath-sheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a throne to be set for the king’s mother; and she sat on his right hand.
2:20 Then she said, I ask one small petition of thee; deny me not. And the king said unto her, Ask on, my mother; for I will not deny thee.
2:21 And she said, Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah thy brother to wife.
2:22 And king Solomon answered and said unto his mother, And why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.
2:23 Then king Solomon sware by Jehovah, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah hath not spoken this word against his own soul.
2:24 Now therefore as Jehovah liveth, who hath established me, and set me on the throne of David my father, and who hath made me a house, as he promised, surely Adonijah shall be put to death this day.
2:25 And king Solomon sent by Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell upon him, so that he died.
2:26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art 18worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord Jehovah before David my father, and because thou wast afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted.
18Hb. a man of death:2:27 So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto Jehovah, that he might fulfil 19the word of Jehovah, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.
191Sa 2:27-36.2:28 And the tidings came to Joab; for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the Tent of Jehovah, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
2:29 And it was told king Solomon, Joab is fled unto the Tent of Jehovah, and, behold, he is by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, Go, fall upon him.
2:30 And Benaiah came to the Tent of Jehovah, and said unto him, Thus saith the king, Come forth. And he said, No; but I will die here. And Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.
2:31 And the king said unto him, Do as he hath said, and fall upon him, and bury him; that thou mayest take away the blood, which Joab shed without cause, from me and from my father’s house.
2:32 And Jehovah will return his blood upon his own head, because he fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, and my father David knew it not, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah.
2:33 So shall their blood return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but unto David and unto his seed, and unto his house, and unto his throne, shall there be peace 20for ever from Jehovah.
20Or, for time without predetermined limit from2:34 Then Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon him, and slew him; and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.
2:35 And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his stead over the host; and Zadok the priest did the king put in the stead of Abiathar.
2:36 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Build thee a house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and go not forth thence any whither.
2:37 For on the day thou goest out, and passest over the brook Kidron, know thou for certain that thou shalt surely begin to die: thy blood shall be upon thine own head.
2:38 And Shimei said unto the king, The saying is good: as my lord the king hath said, so will thy servant do. And Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days.
2:39 And it came to pass at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away unto Achish, son of Maacah, king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, Behold, thy servants are in Gath.
2:40 And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish, to seek his servants; and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath.
2:41 And it was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, and was come again.
2:42 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Did I not adjure thee by Jehovah, and protest unto thee, saying, Know for certain, that on the day thou goest out, and walkest abroad any whither, thou shalt surely die? and thou saidst unto me, 21The saying that I have heard is good.
21Vs. 38.2:43 Why then hast thou not kept the oath of Jehovah, and the commandment that I have charged thee with?
2:44 The king said moreover to Shimei, Thou knowest all the wickedness which thy heart is privy to, that thou didst to David my father: therefore Jehovah shall return thy wickedness upon thine own head.
2:45 But king Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before Jehovah for ever.
2:46 So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he went out, and fell upon him, so that he died. And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.
3:1 And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh’s daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of Jehovah, and the wall of Jerusalem round about.
3:2 Only the people sacrificed in the high places, because there was no house built for the name of Jehovah until those days.
3:3 And Solomon loved Jehovah, walking in the statutes of David his father: only he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places.
3:4 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there; for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt-offerings did Solomon offer upon that altar.
3:5 In Gibeon Jehovah appeared to Solomon in a dream by night; and God said, Ask what I shall give thee.
3:6 And Solomon said, Thou hast showed unto thy servant David my father great lovingkindness, according as he walked before thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great lovingkindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day.
3:7 And now, O Jehovah my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I am but a little child; I know not how to go out or come in.
3:8 And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude.
3:9 Give thy servant therefore an 22understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and evil; for who is able to judge this thy 23great people?
22Hb. hearing Also in vs. 12.3:10 And the speech pleased 24Jehovah, that Solomon had asked this thing.
24Sopherim changed to the Lord, Also in vs. 15.3:11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself 25long life, neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the soul of thine enemies, but hast asked for thyself understanding to 26discern justice;
25Hb. many days,3:12 behold, I have done according to thy word: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there hath been none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.
26Hb. hear justice;
3:13 And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches and honor, so that there 27shall not be any among the kings like unto thee, all thy days.
27Or, hath not been any3:14 And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father David did walk, then I will lengthen thy days.
3:15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it was a dream: and he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of Jehovah, and offered up burnt-offerings, and offered peace-offerings, and made a feast to all his servants.
3:16 Then there came two women that were harlots, unto the king, and stood before him.
3:17 And the one woman said, Oh, my lord, I and this woman dwell in one house; and I was delivered of a child with her in the house.
3:18 And it came to pass the third day after I was delivered, that this woman was delivered also; and we were together; there was no stranger with us in the house, save we two in the house.
3:19 And this woman’s child died in the night, because she lay upon it.
3:20 And she arose at midnight, and took my son from beside me, while thy handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom.
3:21 And when I rose in the morning to give my child suck, behold, it was dead; but when I had looked at it in the morning, behold, it was not my son, whom I did bear.
3:22 And the other woman said, No; but the living is my son, and the dead is thy son. And this one said, No; but the dead is thy son, and the living is my son. Thus they spake before the king.
3:23 Then said the king, The one saith, This is my son that liveth, and thy son is the dead: and the other saith, No; but thy son is the dead, and my son is the living.
3:24 And the king said, Fetch me a sword. And they brought a sword before the king.
3:25 And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other.
3:26 Then spake the woman whose the living child was unto the king, for her heart yearned over her son, and she said, Oh, my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise slay it. But the other said, It shall be neither mine nor thine; divide it.
3:27 Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise slay it: she is the mother thereof.
3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him, to do justice.
4:1 And king Solomon was king over all Israel.
4:2 And these were the princes whom he had: Azariah the son of Zadok, the priest;
4:3 Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, 28scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the 29recorder;
28Or, secretaries;4:4 and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;
4:5 and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was 30chief minister, and the king’s friend;
30Or, priest,4:6 and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to taskwork.
4:7 And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided victuals for the king and his household: each man had to make provision for a month in the year.
4:8 And these are their names: Ben-hur, in the hill-country of Ephraim;
4:9 Ben-deker, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, and Beth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan;
4:10 Ben-hesed, in Arubboth (to him pertained Socoh, and all the land of Hepher);
4:11 Ben-abinadab, in all 31the height of Dor (he had Taphath the daughter of Solomon to wife);
31Or, Naphath-dor or, the region of Dor4:12 Baana the son of Ahilud, in Taanach and Megiddo, and all Beth-shean which is beside Zarethan, beneath Jezreel, from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, as far as 32beyond Jokmeam;
32Or, over against (i.e., opposite)4:13 33Ben-geber, in Ramoth-gilead (to him pertained 34the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; even to him pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, sixty great cities with walls and brazen bars);
33Meaning, son of man,4:14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo, in Mahanaim;
4:15 Ahimaaz, in Naphtali (he also took Basemath the daughter of Solomon to wife);
4:16 Baana the son of Hushai, in Asher and 35Bealoth;
35Or, in Aloth;4:17 Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar;
4:18 Shimei the son of Ela, in Benjamin;
4:19 Geber the son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan; 36and he was the only officer that was in the land.37
36Hb. and one officer4:20 Judah and Israel were many as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.
37TargJ adds to maintain the king in the intercalary month. [An intercalary 13th month every 2-3 years.]
4:21 And Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the River Euphrates unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought tribute, and served Solomon all the days of his life.
4:22 And Solomon’s provision for one day was thirty 38measures of fine flour, and sixty measures of meal,
38Hb. cor about 220 litre, or 6¼ U.S. bushel. Soncino commentary says, According to one calculation, the number of persons maintained by the quantities specified would be no less than 15,000; according to others, 33,000 to 36,000.4:23 ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and a hundred sheep, besides harts, and gazelles, and roebucks, and fatted fowl.
4:24 For he had dominion over all the region 39on this side the River, from Tiphsah even to Gaza, over all the kings on this side the River: and he had peace on all sides round about him.
39Or, beyond the River (both times)4:25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig-tree, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, all the days of Solomon.
4:26 And Solomon had 40forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen.
40In 2Chr 9:25, four thousand stalls It is unlikely the alphabetic numerics, ד (4) and מ (40), were confused, as even in earliest known Hebrew they are dissimilar. Here it seems more likely the numbers written out, תעברא arbahath (4) and םיעברא arbahim (40), were confused in one of the two passages.4:27 And those officers provided victuals for king Solomon, and for all that came unto king Solomon’s table, every man in his month; they let nothing be lacking.
4:28 Barley also and straw for the horses and swift steeds brought they unto the place 41where the officers were, every man according to his charge.
41Or, where he (that is, the king) was, or, where it should be,4:29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea-shore.
4:30 And Solomon’s wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east, and all the wisdom of Egypt.
4:31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all the nations round about.
4:32 And he spake three thousand proverbs; and his songs were a thousand five.
4:33 And he spake of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of birds, and of creeping things, and of fishes.
4:34 And there came of all peoples to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, who had heard of his wisdom.
5:1 And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king instead of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David.
5:2 And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying,
5:3 Thou knowest how that David my father could not build a house for the name of Jehovah his God for the wars which were about him on every side, until Jehovah put them under the soles of his feet.
5:4 But now Jehovah my God hath given me rest on every side; there is neither adversary, nor evil occurrence.
5:5 And, behold, I purpose to build a house for the name of Jehovah my God, as Jehovah spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy throne in thy stead, he shall build the house for my name.
5:6 Now therefore command thou that they cut me cedar-trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants; and I will give thee hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt say: for thou knowest that there is not among us any that knoweth how to cut timber like unto the Sidonians.
5:7 And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed be Jehovah this day, who hath given unto David a wise son over this great people.
5:8 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have heard the message which thou hast sent unto me: I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of 42fir.
42Or, cypress.5:9 My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea; and I will make them into rafts to go by sea unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be broken up there, and thou shalt 43receive them; and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household.
43Or, carry them away;5:10 So 44Hiram gave Solomon timber of cedar and timber of fir according to all his desire.
44Hb. Hirom (and in vs. 18).5:11 And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand 45measures of wheat for food to his household, and twenty 46thousand measures of 47pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year.
45Hb. cor See footnote on ch. 4:22.5:12 And Jehovah gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him; and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together.
46Massoretic, Vg. omit thousand Cf. 2Chr 2:10.
47Or, beaten oil:
5:13 And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men.
5:14 And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses; a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home: and Adoniram was over the men subject to taskwork.
5:15 And Solomon had seventy thousand that bare burdens, and eighty thousand that were hewers in the mountains;
5:16 besides Solomon’s chief officers that were over the work, three thousand three hundred, that bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.
5:17 And the king commanded, and they 48hewed out great stones, costly stones, to lay the foundation of the house with wrought stone.
48Hb. brought away great stones,5:18 And Solomon’s builders and Hiram’s builders and the Gebalites did fashion them, and prepared the timbers and the stones to build the house.
6:1 And it came to pass in the 49four hundred eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month Ziv, which is the second month, that he 50began to build the house of Jehovah.
49An apparent problem to reconcile this number with the 450 years of inheritance in Ac 13:19-20, and possibly with Jephthah’s 300 years in Jg 11:26.6:2 And the house which king Solomon built for Jehovah, the length thereof was sixty 51cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits.
50Hb. built the house of Jehovah. Compare Jo 2:20.
51Hb. amnah, forearm (from the elbow to the tip of the fingers), typically 18-20 inches.6:3 And the porch before 52the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the length thereof according to the breadth of the house; and ten cubits was the breadth thereof before the house.
52That is, the holy place. or, the Holy.6:4 And for the house he made 53windows of fixed lattice-work.
53Or, windows broad within, and narrow without.6:5 And against the wall of the house he built stories round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of 54the Word; and he made side-chambers round about.
54Or perhaps, the inner sanctum; That is, the most holy place; or, the Holy of Holies; Hb. debiyr, the word So vs. 16, and elsewhere.6:6 The nethermost story was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad; for on the outside he made offsets in the wall of the house round about, that the beams should not have hold in the walls of the house.
6:7 And the house, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready 55at the quarry; and there was neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building.
55Or, when it was brought away;6:8 The door for the middle side-chambers was in the right 56side of the house: and they went up by winding stairs into the middle story, and out of the middle into the third.
56Hb. shoulder of the house:6:9 So he built the house, and finished it; and he covered the house with beams and 57planks of cedar.
57Hb. rows6:10 And he built the stories against all the house, each five cubits high: and 58they rested on the house with timbers of cedar.
58Or, he fastened the house6:11 And the word of Jehovah came to Solomon, saying,
6:12 Concerning this house which thou art building, if thou wilt walk in my statutes, and execute mine ordinances, and keep all my commandments to walk in them; then will I establish my word with thee, which I spake unto David thy father.
6:13 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake my people Israel.
6:14 So Solomon built the house, and finished it.
6:15 And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar: 59from the floor of the house unto the walls of the ceiling, he covered them on the inside with wood; and he covered the floor of the house with boards of 60fir.
59Or, both the floors of the house and the walls etc. or, ...and the beams etc. Similarly in vs. 16.6:16 And he built twenty cubits on the hinder parts of the house with boards of cedar from the floor unto the walls of the ceiling: he built them for it within, for a Word, even for the Most Holy.
6:17 And the house, that is, the temple before the Word, was forty cubits long.
6:18 And there was cedar on the house within, carved with 61knops and open flowers: all was 62cedar; there was no stone seen.
61Or, gourds6:19 And he prepared a Word in the midst of the house within, to set there the ark of the covenant of Jehovah.
62Cedar is toxic to insects, suggesting incorruptibility.
6:20 And within the Word was a space of twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof; and he overlaid it with pure gold: 63and he covered the altar with cedar.
63Or, he overlaid the altar also, which was of cedar.6:21 So Solomon overlaid the house within with pure gold: and he drew chains of gold across before the Word; and he overlaid it with gold.
6:22 And the whole house he overlaid with gold, until all the house was finished: also the whole altar that belonged to the Word he overlaid with gold.
6:23 And in the Word he made two 64cherubim of olive-wood, each ten cubits high.
64That is, plural of cherub.6:24 And five cubits was the one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the other wing of the cherub: from the uttermost part of the wings unto the uttermost part of the other wings were ten cubits.
6:25 And the other cherub was ten cubits: both the cherubim were of one measure and one form.
6:26 The height of the one cherub was ten cubits, and so was it of the other cherub.
6:27 And he set the cherubim within the inner house; and the wings of the cherubim were stretched forth, so that the wing of the one touched the one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other wall; and their wings touched one another in the midst of the house.
6:28 And he overlaid the cherubim with gold.
6:29 And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubim and palm-trees and open flowers, within and without.
6:30 And the floor of the house he overlaid with gold, within and without.
6:31 And for the entrance of the Word he made doors of olive-wood: the 65lintel and door-posts were a fifth part of the wall.
65Or, posts6:32 So he made two doors of olive-wood; and he carved upon them carvings of cherubim and palm-trees and open flowers, and overlaid them with gold; and he spread the gold upon the cherubim, and upon the palm-trees.
6:33 So also made he for the entrance of the temple door-posts of olive-wood, out of a fourth part of the wall;
6:34 and two doors of 66fir-wood: the two leaves of the one door were folding, and the two leaves of the other door were folding.
66Or, cypress-wood:6:35 And he carved thereon cherubim and palm-trees and open flowers; and he overlaid them with gold fitted upon the graven work.
6:36 And he built the inner court with three courses of hewn stone, and a course of cedar beams.
6:37 In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of Jehovah laid, in the month Ziv.
6:38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, 67which is the eighth month, was the house finished 68throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it.
67The Hebrew calendar begins with the 7th month, near the Autumn equinox. Hence the total time was 6½ years, not 7½ years. The years are properly reckoned as 7, not 6, because the duration crossed seven New Years’ days (Tishri 1).[1King 7]
68Or, with all the appurtenances thereof, and with all the ordinances thereof.
7:1 And Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house.
7:2 For he built the house of the forest of Lebanon; the length thereof was a hundred cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars.
7:3 And it was covered with cedar above over the forty-five 69beams, that were upon the pillars; fifteen in a row.
69Or, side-chambers, Hb. ribs,7:4 And there were 70beams in three rows, and window was over against window in three ranks.
70Or, frames for the windows in three rows,7:5 And all the doors and posts were made square with beams: and window was over against window in three ranks.
7:6 And he made the porch of pillars; the length thereof was fifty cubits, and the breadth thereof thirty cubits; and a porch before them; and pillars and a threshold before them.
7:7 And he made the porch of the throne where he was to judge, even the porch of judgment: and it was covered with cedar from floor to floor.
7:8 And his house where he was to dwell, the other court within the porch, was of the like work. He made also a house for Pharaoh’s daughter (whom Solomon had taken to wife), like unto this porch.
7:9 All these were of costly stones, even of hewn stone, 71according to measure, sawed with saws, within and without, even from the foundation unto the coping, and so on the outside unto the great court.
71Or, after diverse measures,7:10 And the foundation was of costly stones, even great stones, stones of ten cubits, and stones of eight cubits.
7:11 And above were costly stones, even hewn stone, according to measure, and cedar-wood.
7:12 And the great court round about had three courses of hewn stone, and a course of cedar beams; 72like as the inner court of the house of Jehovah, and the porch of the house.
72Or, both for the inner court ... and for the porch7:13 And king Solomon sent and fetched 73Hiram out of Tyre.
73Not the king of Tyre in ch. 5.7:14 He was the son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in copper; and he was filled with wisdom and understanding and skill, to work all works in copper. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work.
7:15 For he fashioned the two pillars of copper, 74eighteen cubits high apiece: and a line of twelve cubits compassed 75either of them about.
74Hb. eighteen cubits was the height of one pillar:7:16 And he made two capitals of molten copper, to set upon the tops of the pillars: the height of the one capital was five cubits, and the height of the other capital was five cubits.
75Hb. the other pillar
7:17 There were nets of checker-work, and wreaths of chain-work, for the capitals which were upon the top of the pillars; seven for the one capital, and seven for the other capital.
7:18 So he made the pillars; and there were two rows round about upon the one network, to cover the capitals that were upon the top of the 76pillars; and so did he for the other capital.
76So Aram. Massoretic reads pomegranates;7:19 And the capitals that were upon the top of the pillars in the porch were of lily-work, four cubits.
7:20 And there were capitals above also upon the two pillars, close by the belly which was beside the network: and the pomegranates were two hundred, in rows round about upon the other capital.
7:21 And he set up the pillars at the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof 77Jachin; and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof 78Boaz.
77That is, He shall establish;7:22 And upon the top of the pillars was lily-work: so was the work of the pillars finished.
78That is, perhaps, In it is strength.
7:23 And he made the molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and the height thereof was five cubits; and a line of 79thirty cubits compassed it round about.
79Corresponding to a diameter of 9.55 cubits. Likely measuring the basin without the lip.7:24 And under the brim of it round about there were knops which did compass it, 80for ten cubits, compassing the sea round about: the knops were in two rows, cast when it was cast.
80Or, ten in a cubit,7:25 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east; and the sea was set upon them above, and all their hinder parts were inward.
7:26 And it was a handbreadth thick; and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, like the flower of a lily: it held two thousand 81baths.
811 bath = 22 litres = 5.8 U.S. gallons. See R.B.Y. Scott, “Weights and Measures of the Bible;” The Biblical Archaeologist Reader 3; Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday Anchor, 1970. p. 352. A cubit of ≥ 19 inches is implied, and a lip of 4 inches.7:27 And he made the ten bases of copper; four cubits was the length of one base, and four cubits the breadth thereof, and three cubits the height of it.
7:28 And the work of the bases was on this manner: they had panels; 82and there were panels between the ledges;
82Or, even borders between the ledges;7:29 and on the panels that were between the ledges were lions, oxen, and cherubim; and upon the ledges 83there was a pedestal above; and beneath the lions and oxen were wreaths of hanging work.
83Or, it was in like manner above;7:30 And every base had four copper wheels, and axles of copper; and the four feet thereof had 84undersetters: beneath the laver were the undersetters molten, with wreaths at the side of each.
84Hb. shoulders And in vs. 34 (twice).7:31 And the mouth of it within the capital and above was a cubit: and the mouth thereof was round after the work of a pedestal, a cubit and a half; and also upon the mouth of it were gravings, and their panels were foursquare, not round.
7:32 And the four wheels were underneath the panels; and the axletrees of the wheels were in the base: and the height of a wheel was a cubit and half a cubit.
7:33 And the work of the wheels was like the work of a chariot wheel: their axletrees, and their felloes, and their spokes, and their naves, were all molten.
7:34 And there were four undersetters at the four corners of each base: the undersetters thereof were of the base itself.
7:35 And in the top of the base was there a round compass half a cubit high; and on the top of the base the 85stays thereof and the panels thereof were of the same.
85Hb. hands7:36 And on the plates of the stays thereof, and on the panels thereof, he graved cherubim, lions, and palm-trees, according to the space of each, with wreaths round about.
7:37 After this manner he made the ten bases: all of them had one casting, one measure, and one form.
7:38 And he made ten lavers of copper: one laver contained forty baths; and every laver was four cubits; and upon every one of the ten bases one laver.
7:39 And he set the bases, five on the right 86side of the house, and five on the left side of the house: and he set the sea on the right side of the house eastward, toward the south.
86Hb. shoulder7:40 And 87Hiram made the 88lavers, and the shovels, and the basins. So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he wrought for king Solomon in the house of Jehovah:
87Hb. Hirom7:41 the two pillars, and the two bowls of the capitals that were on the top of the pillars; and the two networks to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the top of the pillars;
884QKgs Sept. read pots, As also 2Chr 4:11.
7:42 and the four hundred pomegranates for the two networks; two rows of pomegranates for each network, to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were 89upon the pillars;
89Hb. upon the face of the pillars;7:43 and the ten bases, and the ten lavers on the bases;
7:44 and the one sea, and the twelve oxen under the sea;
7:45 and the pots, and the shovels, and the basins: even all 90these vessels, which Hiram made for king Solomon, in the house of Jehovah, were of burnished copper.
90Hbtxt (Aram.) reads, the vessels of the Tent,7:46 In the plain of the Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Sukkoth and Zarethan.
7:47 And Solomon left all the vessels unweighed, because they were exceeding many: the weight of the copper 91could not be found out.
91Or, was not searched out.7:48 And Solomon made all the vessels that were in the house of Jehovah: the golden altar, and the table whereupon the showbread was, of gold;
7:49 and the lampstands, five on the right side, and five on the left, before the Word, of pure gold; and the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs, of gold;
7:50 and the cups, and the snuffers, and the basins, and the spoons, and the 92censers, of pure gold; and the hinges, both for the doors of the inner house, the Most Holy, and for the doors of the house, to wit, of the temple, of gold.
92Or, firepans, or, snuffdishes,7:51 Thus all the work that king Solomon wrought in the house of Jehovah was finished. And Solomon brought in the holy things which David his father had dedicated, even the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, and put them in the treasuries of the house of Jehovah.
8:1 Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the princes of the fathers’ houses of the children of Israel, unto king Solomon in Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of Jehovah out of the city of David, which is Zion.
8:2 And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast, 93in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.
93Or, in later times, in the month Tishri, Thus, the Temple was dedicated in the 7th month, though it was completed in the 8th month. See ch. 6:38.8:3 And all the elders of Israel came, and the priests took up the ark.
8:4 And they brought up the ark of Jehovah, and the tent of meeting, and all the holy vessels that were in the Tent; even these did the priests and the Levites bring up.
8:5 And king Solomon and all the congregation of Israel, that were assembled unto him, were with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and oxen, that could not be counted nor numbered for multitude.
8:6 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of Jehovah unto its place, into the Word of the house, to the Most Holy, even under the wings of the cherubim.
8:7 For the cherubim spread forth their wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubim covered the ark and the staves thereof above.
8:8 And 94the staves were so long that the ends of the staves were seen from the Holy before the Word; but they were not seen without: and there they are unto this day.
94Or, they drew out the staves; so that the ends etc.8:9 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, 95when Jehovah made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.
95Or, where Compare Dt 10:2-5.8:10 And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the Holy, that the cloud filled the house of Jehovah,
8:11 so that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud; for the glory of Jehovah filled the house of Jehovah.
8:12 Then spake Solomon, Jehovah hath said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
8:13 I have surely built thee a house of habitation, a place for thee to dwell in for ever.
8:14 And the king turned his face about, and blessed all the assembly of Israel: and all the assembly of Israel stood.
8:15 And he said, Blessed be Jehovah, the God of Israel, who spake with his mouth unto David my father, and hath with his hand fulfilled it, saying,
8:16 Since the day that I brought forth my people Israel out of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel to build a house, that my name might be there;96 but I chose David to be over my people Israel.
964QKgs apparently inserts nor did I choose anyone to be a leader over my people Israel, but I chose Jerusalem for my name to be there, [ms. fragmentary]8:17 Now it was in the heart of David my father to build a house for the name of Jehovah, the God of Israel.
8:18 But Jehovah said unto David my father, Whereas it was in thy heart to build a house for my name, thou didst well that it was in thy heart:
8:19 nevertheless thou shalt not build the house; but thy son that shall come forth out of thy loins, he shall build the house for my name.
8:20 And Jehovah hath established his word that he spake; for I am risen up in the stead of David my father, and sit on the throne of Israel, as Jehovah promised, and have built the house for the name of Jehovah, the God of Israel.
8:21 And there have I set a place for the ark, wherein is the covenant of Jehovah, which he made with our fathers, when he brought them out of the land of Egypt.
8:22 And Solomon stood before the altar of Jehovah in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward the heavens;
8:23 and he said, O Jehovah, the God of Israel, there is no God like thee, in the heavens above, or on earth beneath; who keepest covenant and lovingkindness 97with thy servants, that walk before thee with all their heart;
97Or, for8:24 who hast kept with thy servant David my father that which thou didst promise him: yes, thou spakest with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with thy hand, as it is this day.
8:25 Now therefore, O Jehovah, the God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father that which thou hast promised him, saying, 98There shall not fail thee a man in my sight to sit on the throne of Israel, if only thy children take heed to their way, to walk before me as thou hast walked before me.
98Hb. There shall not be cut off unto thee a man from my sight to sit on the throne of Israel,8:26 Now therefore, O God of Israel, let thy word, I pray thee, be verified, which thou spakest unto thy servant David my father.
8:27 But will God in very deed dwell on the earth? behold, the heavens and the heavens of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded!
8:28 Yet have thou respect unto the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, O Jehovah my God, to hearken unto the cry and to the prayer which thy servant prayeth before thee this day;
8:29 that thine eyes may be open toward this house night and day, even toward the place whereof thou hast said, My name shall be there; to hearken unto the prayer which thy servant shall pray toward this place.
8:30 And hearken thou to the supplication of thy servant, and of thy people Israel, when they shall pray toward this place: yes, hear thou up in the heavens thy dwelling-place; and when thou hearest, forgive.
8:31 99If a man sin against his neighbor, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and he come and swear before thine altar in this house;
99Or, Whereinsoever a man shall sin against8:32 then hear thou in the heavens, and do, and judge thy servants, condemning the wicked, to bring his way upon his own head, and justifying the righteous, to give him according to his righteousness.
8:33 When thy people Israel are smitten down before an enemy, because they have sinned against thee; if they turn again to thee, and confess thy name, and pray and make supplication unto thee in this house:
8:34 then hear thou in the heavens, and forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gavest unto their fathers.
8:35 When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, 100when thou 101dost afflict them:
100Or, because8:36 then hear thou in the heavens, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, 102when thou teachest them the good way wherein they should walk; and send rain upon thy land, which thou hast given to thy people for an inheritance.
101Or, answerest them:
102Or, because8:37 If there be in the land famine, if there be pestilence, if there be blasting or mildew, locust or caterpillar; if their enemy besiege them in the land of their 103cities; whatsoever plague, whatsoever sickness there be;
103Hb. gates;8:38 what prayer and supplication soever be made by any man, or by all thy people Israel, who shall know every man the plague of his own heart, and spread forth his hands toward this house:
8:39 then hear thou in the heavens thy dwelling-place, and forgive, and do, and render unto every man according to all his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men;)
8:40 that they may fear thee all the days that they live in the land which thou gavest unto our fathers.
8:41 Moreover concerning the foreigner, that is not of thy people Israel, when he shall come out of a far country for thy name’s sake
8:42 (for they shall hear of thy great name, and of thy mighty hand, and of thine outstretched arm); when he shall come and pray toward this house;
8:43 hear thou in the heavens thy dwelling-place, and do according to all that the foreigner calleth to thee for; that all the peoples of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as doth thy people Israel, and that they may know that 104this house which I have built is called by thy name.
104Or, thy name is called upon this house etc.8:44 If thy people go out to battle against their enemy, by whatsoever way thou shalt send them, and they pray unto Jehovah toward the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house which I have built for thy name;
8:45 then hear thou in the heavens their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their 105cause.
105Or, right.8:46 If they sin against thee (for there is no man that sinneth not), and thou be angry with them, and deliver them to an enemy, so that 106they carry them away captive unto the land of the enemy, far off or near;
106Hb. they that take them captive carry them away8:47 yet if they shall bethink themselves in the land whither they are carried captive, and turn again, and make supplication unto thee in the land of them that carried them captive, saying, We have sinned, and have done perversely, we have dealt wickedly;
8:48 if they return unto thee with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their enemies, who carried them captive, and pray unto thee toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, the city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name:
8:49 then hear thou their prayer and their supplication in the heavens thy dwelling-place, and maintain their 107cause;
107Or, right;8:50 and forgive thy people who have sinned against thee, and all their transgressions wherein they have transgressed against thee; and give them 108compassion before those who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them
108Hb. to be for compassion8:51 (for they are thy people, and thine inheritance, which thou broughtest forth out of Egypt, from the midst of the furnace of iron);
8:52 that thine eyes may be open unto the supplication of thy servant, and unto the supplication of thy people Israel, to hearken unto them whensoever they cry unto thee.
8:53 For thou didst separate them from among all the peoples of the earth, to be thine inheritance, as thou spakest by Moses thy servant, when thou broughtest our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord Jehovah.
8:54 And it was so, that, when Solomon had made an end of praying all this prayer and supplication unto Jehovah, he arose from before the altar of Jehovah, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread forth toward the heavens.
8:55 And he stood, and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying,
8:56 Blessed be Jehovah, that hath given rest unto his people Israel, according to all that he promised: there hath not 109failed one word of all his good promise, which he promised by Moses his servant.
109Hb. fallen8:57 Jehovah our God be with us, as he was with our fathers: let him not leave us, nor forsake us;
8:58 that he may incline our hearts unto him, to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and his statutes, and his ordinances, which he commanded our fathers.
8:59 And let these my words, wherewith I have made supplication before Jehovah, be nigh unto Jehovah our God day and night, that he maintain the cause of his servant, and the cause of his people Israel, 110as every day shall require;
110Hb. the thing of a day in its day;8:60 that all the peoples of the earth may know that Jehovah, he is God; there is none else.
8:61 Let your heart therefore be perfect with Jehovah our God, to walk in his statutes, and to keep his commandments, as at this day.
8:62 And the king, and all Israel with him, offered sacrifice before Jehovah.
8:63 And Solomon offered for the sacrifice of peace-offerings, which he offered unto Jehovah, twenty-two thousand oxen, and a hundred twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated the house of Jehovah.
8:64 The same day did the king sanctify the middle of the court that was before the house of Jehovah; for there he offered the burnt-offering, and the meal-offering, and the fat of the peace-offerings, because the copper altar that was before Jehovah was too little to receive the burnt-offering, and the meal-offering, and the fat of the peace-offerings.
8:65 So Solomon held the feast at that time, and all Israel with him, a great assembly, from the entrance of Hamath unto the brook of Egypt, before Jehovah our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days.
8:66 On the eighth day he sent the people away; and they blessed the king, and went unto their tents joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness that Jehovah had showed unto David his servant, and to Israel his people.
9:1 And it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the building of the house of Jehovah, and the king’s house, and all Solomon’s 111desire which he was pleased to do,
111Or, delight9:2 that Jehovah appeared to Solomon a second time, as he had appeared unto him at Gibeon.
9:3 And Jehovah said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have sanctified this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there 112for ever; and mine eyes and my heart shall be there perpetually.
112Or, for time without fixed end; Hb. owlam [=olam] Similarly in vs. 5.9:4 And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, and wilt keep my statutes and mine ordinances;
9:5 then I will establish the throne of thy kingdom over Israel for ever, according as I 113promised to David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man upon the throne of Israel.
113Or, spake concerning David thy father,9:6 But if ye shall turn away from following me, ye or your children, and not keep my commandments and my statutes which I have set before you, but shall go and serve other gods, and worship them;
9:7 then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all peoples.
9:8 114And though this house is so high, yet shall every one that passeth by it be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say, Why hath Jehovah done thus unto this land, and to this house?
114Or, And this house shall be high; every one etc.9:9 and they shall answer, Because they forsook Jehovah their God, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath Jehovah brought all this evil upon them.
9:10 And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, wherein Solomon had built the two houses, the house of Jehovah and the king’s house
9:11 (now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar-trees and fir-trees, and with gold, according to all his desire), that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee.
9:12 And Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him; and they pleased him not.
9:13 And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And 115he called them the land of 116Cabul unto this day.
115Or, they were called the land of Cabul9:14 And Hiram sent to the king 117one hundred twenty talents of gold.
116Perhaps meaning, As good as nothing
1171 talent = 35 kg; so 4.2 metric tons.9:15 And this is the 118reason of the levy which king Solomon raised, to build the house of Jehovah, and his own house, and 119Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.
118Or, account9:16 Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a portion unto his daughter, Solomon’s wife.
119Likely a strong tower (or, rampart), for defense.
9:17 And Solomon built Gezer, and Beth-horon the nether,
9:18 and Baalath, and 120Tamar in the wilderness, in the land,
120Hbmg, versions read Tadmor so 2Chr 8:4. The new trade route through Tadmor greatly reduced the cost of goods coming from Arabia.9:19 and all the store-cities that Solomon had, and the cities for his chariots, and the cities for his horsemen, and that which Solomon desired to build for his pleasure in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion.
9:20 As for all the people that were left of the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, who were not of the children of Israel;
9:21 their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able 121utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise 122a levy of bondservants unto this day.
121Hb. to devote,9:22 But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no bondservants; but they were the men of war, and his servants, and his princes, and his captains, and rulers of his chariots and of his horsemen.
122Hb. men subject to servile taskwork unto this day.
9:23 These were the chief officers that were over Solomon’s work, five hundred fifty, that bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.
9:24 But Pharaoh’s daughter came up out of the city of David unto her house which Solomon had built for her: then did he build Millo.
9:25 And three times in a year did Solomon offer burnt-offerings and peace-offerings upon the altar which he built unto Jehovah, burning incense therewith, upon the altar that was before Jehovah. So he finished the house.
9:26 And king Solomon made a navy of ships in Ezion-geber, which is beside 123Eloth, on the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom.
123Modern Eilat.9:27 And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.
9:28 And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, 124four hundred twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.
124That is, 14,600 kg.[1King 10]
10:1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of Jehovah, she came to prove him with hard questions.
10:2 And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones; and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart.
10:3 And Solomon told her all her questions: there was not anything hid from the king which he told her not.
10:4 And when the queen of Sheba had seen all the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built,
10:5 and the food of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the 125attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and 126his ascent by which he went up unto the house of Jehovah; there was no more spirit in her.
125Hb. standing10:6 And she said to the king, It was a true report that I heard in mine own land of thine 127acts, and of thy wisdom.
126Or, his burnt-offering which he offered in the house
127Or, sayings,10:7 Howbeit I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it: and, behold, the half was not told me; 128thy wisdom and prosperity exceed the fame which I heard.
128Hb. thou hast added wisdom and goodness to the fame which I heard.10:8 Happy are thy men, happy are these thy servants, that stand continually before thee, and that hear thy wisdom.
10:9 Blessed be Jehovah thy God, who delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel: because Jehovah loved Israel for ever, therefore made he thee king, to do justice and righteousness.
10:10 And she gave the king 129a hundred twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.
1294.2 metric tons. Compare ch. 9:14.10:11 And the navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of 130almug-trees and precious stones.
130In 2Chr 2:8, 9:10, algum-trees. Perhaps, sandal-wood.10:12 And the king made of the almug-trees 131pillars for the house of Jehovah, and for the king’s house, harps also and psalteries for the singers: there came no such almug-trees, nor were seen, unto this day.
131Or, a railing Hb. a prop10:13 And king Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, besides that 132which Solomon gave her of his royal bounty. So she turned, and went to her own land, she and her servants.
132Hb. which he gave her according to the hand of king Solomon.10:14 Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was 133six hundred sixty-six talents of gold,
133That is, about 19,500 kg or about 21.5 Br. tons.10:15 besides that which the traders brought, and the traffic of the merchants, and of all the kings of 134the mingled people, and of the governors of the country.
134In 2Chr 9:14, Arabia,10:16 And king Solomon made two hundred bucklers of beaten gold; 135six hundred shekels of gold went to one buckler.
135That is, 7 kilograms, or about 15 pounds.10:17 And he made three hundred shields of beaten gold; three 136pounds of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.
136Hb. maneh Hence about 1.74 kg = 3.8 pounds, about 90 cm3 in volume.10:18 Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the finest gold.
10:19 There were six steps to the throne, and the top of the throne was round behind; and there were 137stays on either side by the place of the seat, and two lions standing beside the stays.
137Or, arms Hb. hands10:20 And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps: there was not the like made in any other kingdom.
10:21 And all king Solomon’s drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold: none were of silver; it was nothing accounted of in the days of Solomon.
10:22 For the king had at sea a 138navy of Tarshish with the navy of Hiram: once every three years came the navy of Tarshish, bringing 139gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
138Ships of Tarshish were ocean-going vessels, larger than Ships of Kittim for the Mediterranean trade.10:23 So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.
139Likely gold from the world’s largest deposits in South Africa (Ophir), then silver from the world’s largest deposits in the western Americas [Solomon was contemporary with the Olmec civilization in Mexico], then ivory from India, and lastly the livestock also from India. Such a long expedition could explain the need for a 3-year duration.
10:24 And all the earth sought the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart.
10:25 And they brought every man his tribute, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and raiment, and armor, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.
10:26 And Solomon gathered together chariots and horsemen: and he had a thousand four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, that he bestowed in the chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem.
10:27 And the king made silver to be in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars made he to be as the sycomore-trees that are in the lowland, for abundance.
10:28 And the horses which Solomon had were brought out of Egypt; and the king’s merchants received them in droves, each drove at a price.
10:29 And a chariot came up and went out of Egypt for 140six hundred shekels of silver, and a horse for a hundred fifty; and so for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, did they bring them out 141by their means.
140That is, 7 kilograms, or about 15 pounds.[1King 11]
141Hb. in their hand.
11:1 Now king Solomon loved many foreign women, 142together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites;
142Or, besides the daughter of Pharaoh,11:2 of the nations concerning which Jehovah said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go among them, neither shall they come among you; for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love.
11:3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart.
11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods; and his heart was not perfect with Jehovah his God, as was the heart of David his father.
11:5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites.
11:6 And Solomon did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and went not fully after Jehovah, as did David his father.
11:7 Then did Solomon build a high place for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, in 143the mount that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech the abomination of the children of Ammon.
143That is, the mount of Olives just east of Jerusalem11:8 And so did he for all his foreign wives, who burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods.
11:9 And Jehovah was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned away from Jehovah, the God of Israel, who had appeared unto him twice,
11:10 and had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which Jehovah commanded.
11:11 Wherefore Jehovah said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this 144is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant.
144Hb. is with thee,11:12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it, for David thy father’s sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son.
11:13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but I will give one tribe to thy son, for David my servant’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake, which I have chosen.
11:14 And Jehovah raised up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king’s seed in Edom.
11:15 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain, and had smitten every male in Edom
11:16 (for Joab and all Israel remained there six months, until he had cut off every male in Edom);
11:17 that Hadad fled, he and certain Edomites of his father’s servants with him, to go into Egypt, Hadad being yet a little child.
11:18 And they arose out of Midian, and came to Paran; and they took men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave him a house, and appointed him victuals, and gave him land.
11:19 And Hadad found great favor in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen.
11:20 And the sister of Tahpenes bare him Genubath his son, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharoah’s house; and Genubath was in Pharaoh’s house among the sons of Pharaoh.
11:21 And when Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the captain of the host was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, Let me depart, that I may go to mine own country.
11:22 Then Pharaoh said unto him, But what hast thou lacked with me, that, behold, thou seekest to go to thine own country? And he answered, Nothing: howbeit only let me depart.
11:23 And God raised up another adversary unto him, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah.
11:24 And he gathered men unto him, and became captain over a troop, when David slew them of Zobah: and they went to Damascus, and dwelt therein, and reigned in Damascus.
11:25 And he was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon, besides the mischief that Hadad did: and he abhorred Israel, and reigned over Syria.
11:26 And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite of Zeredah, a servant of Solomon, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow, he also lifted up his hand against the king.
11:27 And this was the reason why he lifted up his hand against the king: Solomon built Millo, and 145repaired the breach of the city of David his father.
145Hb. closed up11:28 And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valor; and Solomon saw the young man that he was industrious, and he gave him charge over all the 146labor of the house of Joseph.
146Hb burden11:29 And it came to pass at that time, when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; now Ahijah had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field.
11:30 And Ahijah laid hold of the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces.
11:31 And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces; for thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee
11:32 (but he shall have one tribe, for my servant David’s sake and for Jerusalem’s sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel);
11:33 because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of Moab, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon; and they have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and mine ordinances, as did David his father.
11:34 Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand; but I will make him prince all the days of his life, for David my servant’s sake whom I chose, 147who kept my commandments and my statutes;
147Or, because he kept my commandments11:35 but I will take the kingdom out of his son’s hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes.
11:36 And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a lamp always before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there.
11:37 And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign 148according to all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Israel.
148Or, over all that thy soul desireth,11:38 And it shall be, if thou wilt hearken unto all that I command thee, and wilt walk in my ways, and do that which is right in mine eyes, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as David my servant did; that I will be with thee, and will build thee a sure house, as I built for David, and will give Israel unto thee.
11:39 And I will for this afflict the seed of David but not for ever.
11:40 Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam; but Jeroboam arose, and fled into Egypt, unto Shishaq king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.
11:41 Now the rest of the 149acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon?
149Or, words or, matters11:42 And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.
11:43 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.
12:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king.
12:2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat heard of it (for he was yet in Egypt, whither he had fled from the presence of king Solomon, and Jeroboam dwelt in Egypt,
12:3 and they sent and called him), that Jeroboam and all the assembly of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying,
12:4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee.
12:5 And he said unto them, Depart yet for three days, then come again to me. And the people departed.
12:6 And king Rehoboam took counsel with the old men, that had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, What counsel give ye me to return answer to this people?
12:7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou wilt be a servant unto this people this day, and wilt serve them, and answer them, and speak good words to them, then they will be thy servants all thy days.
12:8 But he forsook the counsel of the old men which they had given him, and took counsel with the young men that were grown up with him, that stood before him.
12:9 And he said unto them, What counsel give ye, that we may return answer to this people, who have spoken to me, saying, Make the yoke that thy father did put upon us lighter?
12:10 And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou say unto this people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it lighter unto us; thus shalt thou speak unto them, My little finger is thicker than my father’s loins.
12:11 And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
12:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king bade, saying, Come to me again the third day.
12:13 And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the counsel of the old men which they had given him,
12:14 and spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
12:15 So the king hearkened not unto the people; for it was a thing brought about of Jehovah, that he might establish his word, which Jehovah spake by Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
12:16 And when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: 150to your gods, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.
150Sopherim changed to to your tents,12:17 But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.
12:18 Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the men subject to taskwork; and all Israel stoned him to death with stones. And king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.
12:19 So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day.
12:20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was returned, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, 151and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only.
151Likely soon after Tishri 1 (cf. vs. 32), as the kings of Israel appear to reckon regnal years from Nisan 1.12:21 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, and the tribe of Benjamin, a hundred eighty thousand chosen men, that were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon,
12:22 But the word of God came unto Shemaiah the man of God, saying,
12:23 Speak unto Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the rest of the people, saying,
12:24 Thus saith Jehovah, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is of me. So they hearkened unto the word of Jehovah, and returned and went their way, according to the word of Jehovah.
12:25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in the hill-country of Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and he went out from thence, and built Penuel.
12:26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now will the kingdom return to the house of David:
12:27 if this people go up to offer sacrifices in the house of Jehovah at Jerusalem, then will the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah; and they will kill me, and return to Rehoboam king of Judah.
12:28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold; and he said unto them, 152It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy 153gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
152Or, Ye have gone up long enough to Jerusalem:12:29 And he set the one in Beth-el, and the other put he in Dan.
12:30 And this thing became a sin; for the people went to worship before 154the one, even unto Dan.
154Or, each of them,12:31 And he made houses of high places, and made priests from among all the people, that were not of the sons of Levi.
12:32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he 155went up unto the altar; so did he in Beth-el, 156sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Beth-el the priests of the high places that he had made.
155Or, offered upon the altar Similarly in vs. 33 (both times).12:33 And he went up unto the altar which he had made in Beth-el on the fifteenth day in the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised 157of his own heart: and he ordained a feast for the children of Israel, and went up unto the altar, to burn incense.
156Or, to sacrifice unto
157Hbtxt alone reads, apart:[1King 13]
13:1 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of Jehovah unto Beth-el: and Jeroboam was standing by the altar to burn incense.
13:2 And he cried against the altar by the word of Jehovah, and said, O altar, altar, thus saith Jehovah: Behold, a son shall be born unto the house of David, Josiah by name; and 158upon thee shall he sacrifice the priests of the high places that burn incense upon thee, and men’s bones shall they burn upon thee.
1582Ki 23:15-16.13:3 And he gave a sign the same day, saying, This is the sign which Jehovah hath spoken: Behold, the altar shall be rent, and the ashes that are upon it shall be poured out.
13:4 And it came to pass, when the king heard the saying of the man of God, which he cried against the altar in Beth-el, that Jeroboam put forth his hand from the altar, saying, Lay hold on him. And his hand, which he put forth against him, dried up, so that he could not draw it back again to him.
13:5 The altar also was rent, and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of God had given by the word of Jehovah.
13:6 And the king answered and said unto the man of God, Entreat now the favor of Jehovah thy God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored me again. And the man of God entreated Jehovah, and the king’s hand was restored him again, and became as it was before.
13:7 And the king said unto the man of God, Come home with me, and refresh thyself, and I will give thee a reward.
13:8 And the man of God said unto the king, If thou wilt give me half thy house, I will not go in with thee, neither will I eat bread nor drink water in this place;
13:9 for so was it charged me by the word of Jehovah, saying, Thou shalt eat no bread, nor drink water, neither return by the way that thou camest.
13:10 So he went another way, and returned not by the way that he came to Beth-el.
13:11 Now there dwelt an old prophet in Beth-el; and 159one of his sons came and told him all the works that the man of God had done that day in Beth-el: the words which he had spoken unto the king, them also they told unto their father.
159Hb. his son came13:12 And their father said unto them, What way went he? Now his sons 160had showed him what way the man of God went, that came from Judah.
160So versions. Massoretic reads saw what way13:13 And he said unto his sons, Saddle me the ass. So they saddled him the ass; and he rode thereon.
13:14 And he went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an 161oak; and he said unto him, Art thou the man of God that camest from Judah? And he said, I am.
161Or, terebinth;13:15 Then he said unto him, Come home with me, and eat bread.
13:16 And he said, I may not return with thee, nor go in with thee; neither will I eat bread nor drink water with thee in this place:
13:17 for it was said to me by the word of Jehovah, Thou shalt eat no bread nor drink water there, nor turn again to go by the way that thou camest.
13:18 And he said unto him, I also am a prophet as thou art; and an angel spake unto me by the word of Jehovah, saying, Bring him back with thee into thy house, that he may eat bread and drink water. But he lied unto him.
13:19 So he went back with him, and did eat bread in his house, and drank water.
13:20 And it came to pass, as they sat at the table, that the word of Jehovah came unto the prophet that brought him back;
13:21 and he cried unto the man of God that came from Judah, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, Forasmuch as thou hast been disobedient unto the mouth of Jehovah, and hast not kept the commandment which Jehovah thy God commanded thee,
13:22 but camest back, and hast eaten bread and drunk water in the place of which he said to thee, Eat no bread, and drink no water; thy body shall not come unto the sepulchre of thy fathers.
13:23 And it came to pass, after he had eaten bread, and after he had drunk, that he saddled for him the ass, to wit, for the prophet whom he had brought back.
13:24 And when he was gone, a lion met him in the way, and slew him: and his body was cast in the way, and the ass stood by it; the lion also stood by the body.
13:25 And, behold, men passed by, and saw the body cast in the way, and the lion standing by the body; and they came and told it in the city where the old prophet dwelt.
13:26 And when the prophet that brought him back from the way heard thereof, he said, It is the man of God, who 162was disobedient unto the mouth of Jehovah: therefore Jehovah hath delivered him unto the lion, which hath torn him, and slain him, according to the word of Jehovah, which he spake unto him.
162Or, rebelled against the word of Jehovah:13:27 And he spake to his sons, saying, Saddle me the ass. And they saddled it.
13:28 And he went and found his body cast in the way, and the ass and the lion standing by the body: the lion had not eaten the body, nor torn the ass.
13:29 And the prophet took up the body of the man of God, and laid it upon the ass, and brought it back; and he came to the city of the old prophet, to mourn, and to bury him.
13:30 And he laid his body in his own grave; and they mourned over him, saying, Alas, my brother!
13:31 And it came to pass, after he had buried him, that he spake to his sons, saying, When I am dead, then bury me in the sepulchre wherein the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bones.
13:32 For the saying which he cried by the word of Jehovah against the altar in Beth-el, and against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Samaria, shall surely come to pass.
13:33 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again from among all the people priests of the high places: 163whosoever would, he consecrated him that there might be priests of the high places.
163Or, whomsoever he would,13:34 And 164this thing became sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to destroy it from off the face of the earth.
164Or, by this thing he became sin[1King 14]
14:1 At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick.
14:2 And Jeroboam said to his wife, Arise, I pray thee, and disguise thyself, that thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam; and get thee to Shiloh: behold, there is Ahijah the prophet, who spake concerning me that I should be king over this people.
14:3 And take with thee ten loaves, and cakes, and a 165cruse of honey, and go to him: he will tell thee what shall become of the child.
165Or, bottle14:4 And Jeroboam’s wife did so, and arose, and went to Shiloh, and came to the house of Ahijah. Now Ahijah could not see; for his eyes were set by reason of his age.
14:5 And Jehovah said unto Ahijah, Behold, the wife of Jeroboam cometh to inquire of thee concerning her son; for he is sick: thus and thus shalt thou say unto her; for it will be, when she cometh in, that she will feign herself to be another woman.
14:6 And it was so, when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door, that he said, Come in, thou wife of Jeroboam; why feignest thou thyself to be another? for I am sent to thee with heavy tidings.
14:7 Go, tell Jeroboam, thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel: Forasmuch as I exalted thee from among the people, and made thee 166prince over my people Israel,
166Or, leader Hb. nagid14:8 and rent the kingdom away from the house of David, and gave it thee; and yet thou hast not been as my servant David, who kept my commandments, and who followed me with all his heart, to do only that which was right in mine eyes,
14:9 but hast done evil above all that were before thee, and hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back:
14:10 therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam every man-child, him that is shut up and him that is left at large in Israel, and will utterly sweep away the house of Jeroboam, as a man sweepeth away dung, till it be all gone.
14:11 Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the birds of the heavens eat: for Jehovah hath spoken it.
14:12 Arise thou therefore, get thee to thy house: and when thy feet enter into the city, the child shall die.
14:13 And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him; for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward Jehovah, the God of Israel, in the house of Jeroboam.
14:14 Moreover Jehovah will raise him up a king over Israel, who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day: 167but what? even now.
167Or, and what even now?14:15 For Jehovah will smite Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water; and he will root up Israel out of this good land which he gave to their fathers, and will scatter them beyond the River, because they have made their Asherim, provoking Jehovah to anger.
14:16 And he will give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, 168which he hath sinned, and wherewith he hath made Israel to sin.
168Or, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin.14:17 And Jeroboam’s wife arose, and departed, and came to Tirzah: and as she came to the threshold of the house, the child died.
14:18 And all Israel buried him, and mourned for him, according to the word of Jehovah, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the prophet.
14:19 And the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he warred, and how he reigned, behold, they are written in the book of 169the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
169This work is lost, likely lost when Shalmaneser and Sennacherib, kings of Assyria, conquered Samaria and all Israel, and took away the Israelites captive.14:20 And the days which Jeroboam reigned were twenty-two years: and he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his stead.
14:21 And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which Jehovah had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there: and his mother’s name was Naamah 170the Ammonitess.
170Sept. reads daughter of Ana son of Naas [or, of Hanan son of Nahash] king of the Ammonites.14:22 And Judah did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and they provoked him to jealousy with their sins which they committed, above all that their fathers had done.
14:23 For they also built them high places, and 171pillars, and 172Asherim, on every high hill, and under every kind of green tree;
171Or, obelisks,14:24 and there were also sodomites in the land: they did according to all the abominations of the nations which Jehovah drove out before the children of Israel.
172Plural of Asherah (masc.). Just as Asheroth is the fem. plural of Astarte. Likely a high wooden idol.
14:25 And it came to pass in the fifth year of king Rehoboam, that 173Shishaq king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem;
173Sheshonk I claims many victories in Canaan and Syria, including over Taanach, Beth-shean, Mahanaim, Gibeon, Beth-horon, and Megiddo in Israel, and The Field of Abram, Arad, and many other cities in Judah. [The names of many more cities in the list are lost.] J.H. Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt [ARE], Vol. IV, para. 709-723.14:26 and he took away the treasures of the house of Jehovah, and the treasures of the king’s house; he even took away all: and he took away all the shields of gold which Solomon had made.
14:27 And king Rehoboam made in their stead shields of copper, and committed them to the hands of the captains of the 174guard, who kept the door of the king’s house.
174Hb. runners,14:28 And it was so, that, as oft as the king went into the house of Jehovah, the guard bare them, and brought them back into the guard-chamber.
14:29 Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam, and all that he did, are they not written in 175the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
175The book of Chronicles in the Old Testament.14:30 And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days.
14:31 And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and his mother’s name was Naamah the Ammonitess. And 176Abijam his son reigned in his stead.
176In 2Chr 12:16, Abijah[1King 15]
15:1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat began Abijam to reign over Judah.
15:2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was 177Maacah the daughter of 178Abishalom.
177In 2Chr 13:2, Micaiah the daughter of Uriel.15:3 And he walked in all the sins of his father which he had done before him; and his heart was not perfect with Jehovah his God, as the heart of David his father.
178In 2Chr 11:20, 21, Absalom.
15:4 Nevertheless for David’s sake did Jehovah his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him, and to establish Jerusalem;
15:5 because David did that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah, and turned not aside from anything that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.
15:6 Now there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life.
15:7 And the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? And there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam.
15:8 And Abijam slept with his fathers; and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead.
15:9 And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Asa to reign over Judah.
15:10 And forty-one years reigned he in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.
15:11 And Asa did that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah, as did David his father.
15:12 And he put away the sodomites out of the land, and removed all the idols that his fathers had made.
15:13 And also Maacah his mother he removed from being 179queen, because she had made an abominable image 180for an Asherah; and Asa cut down her image, and burnt it at the brook Kidron.
179Or, queen mother,15:14 But the high places were not taken away: nevertheless the heart of Asa was perfect with Jehovah all his days.
180Or, for Asherah;
15:15 And he brought into the house of Jehovah the things that his father had sanctified, and the things that he himself had sanctified, silver, and gold, and vessels.
15:16 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.
15:17 And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built 181Ramah, that he might not suffer anyone to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.
181Meaning, high place15:18 Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of Jehovah, and the treasures of the king’s house, and delivered them into the hand of his servants; and king Asa sent them to Ben-hadad, the son of Tabrimmon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus, saying,
15:19 182There is a league between me and thee, between my father and thy father: behold, I have sent unto thee a present of silver and gold; go, break thy league with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me.
182Or, Let there be a league15:20 And Ben-hadad hearkened unto king Asa, and sent the captains of his armies against the cities of Israel, and smote Ijon, and Dan, and Abel-beth-maacah, and all Chinneroth, with all the land of Naphtali.
15:21 And it came to pass, when Baasha heard thereof, that he left off building Ramah, and dwelt in Tirzah.
15:22 Then king Asa made a proclamation unto all Judah; none was exempted: and they carried away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; and king Asa built therewith Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.
15:23 Now the rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? But in the time of his old age 183he was diseased in his feet.
183Asa’s diseased feet may have caused Jehoshaphat to excercise authority already in King Asa’s 39th year, though likely not in his own right. Cf. 2Chr 16:12. But it might have caused Jehoshaphat to count the balance of Asa’s last year as his first year, contrary to the usual practice in Judah.15:24 And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father; and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead.
15:25 And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah; and he reigned over Israel two years.
15:26 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.
15:27 And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him; and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel were laying siege to Gibbethon.
15:28 Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead.
15:29 And it came to pass that, as soon as he was king, he smote all the house of Jeroboam: he left not to Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroyed him; according unto the saying of Jehovah, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite;
15:30 for the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and wherewith he made Israel to sin, because of his provocation wherewith he provoked Jehovah, the God of Israel, to anger.
15:31 Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
15:32 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.
15:33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, and reigned twenty-four years.
15:34 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.
16:1 And the word of Jehovah came to Jehu the son of Hanani against Baasha, saying,
16:2 Forasmuch as I exalted thee out of the dust, and made thee 184prince over my people Israel, and thou hast walked in the way of Jeroboam, and hast made my people Israel to sin, to provoke me to anger with their sins;
184Or, leader16:3 behold, I will utterly sweep away Baasha and his house; and I will make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
16:4 Him that dieth of Baasha in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth of his in the field shall the birds of the heavens eat.
16:5 Now the rest of the acts of Baasha, and what he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
16:6 And Baasha slept with his fathers, and was buried in Tirzah; and Elah his son reigned in his stead.
16:7 And moreover by the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani came the word of Jehovah against Baasha, and against his house, both because of all the evil that he did in the sight of Jehovah, to provoke him to anger with the work of his hands, in being like the house of Jeroboam, and because he smote 185him.
185Or, it.16:8 In the twenty-sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, and reigned two years.
16:9 And his servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, conspired against him. Now he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza, who was over the household in Tirzah:
16:10 and Zimri went in and smote him, and killed him, in the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead.
16:11 And it came to pass, when he began to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, that he smote all the house of Baasha: he left him not a single man-child, neither of his kinsfolks, nor of his friends.
16:12 Thus did Zimri destroy all the house of Baasha, according to the word of Jehovah, which he spake against Baasha by Jehu the prophet,
16:13 for all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah his son, which they sinned, and wherewith they made Israel to sin, to provoke Jehovah, the God of Israel, to anger with their vanities.
16:14 Now the rest of the acts of Elah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
16:15 In the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. Now the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.
16:16 And the people that were encamped heard say, Zimri hath conspired, and hath also smitten the king: wherefore all Israel made Omri, the captain of the host, king over Israel that day in the camp.
16:17 And Omri went up from Gibbethon, and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah.
16:18 And it came to pass, when Zimri saw that the city was taken, that he went into the 186castle of the king’s house, and burnt the king’s house over him with fire, and died,
186Or, palace16:19 for his sins which he sinned in doing that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, in walking in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin which he did, to make Israel to sin.
16:20 Now the rest of the acts of Zimri, and his treason that he wrought, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
16:21 Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king; and half followed Omri.
16:22 But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned.
16:23 In the thirty-first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, and reigned twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah.
16:24 And he bought the hill 187Samaria of Shemer for 188two talents of silver; and he 189built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, the owner of the hill, Samaria.
187Hb. Shomeron And so elsewhere.16:25 And Omri did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and dealt wickedly above all that were before him.
188That is, 70 kg of silver
189Or, fortified the hill,
16:26 For he walked in all the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and in his sins wherewith he made Israel to sin, to provoke Jehovah, the God of Israel, to anger with their vanities.
16:27 Now the rest of the acts of Omri which he did, and his might that he showed, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
16:28 So Omri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria; and Ahab his son reigned in his stead.
16:29 And in the thirty-eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty-two years.
16:30 And Ahab the son of Omri did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah above all that were before him.
16:31 And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife 190Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him.
190Hb. Izebel16:32 And he reared up an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria.
16:33 And Ahab made the Asherah; and Ahab did yet more to provoke Jehovah, the God of Israel, to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him.
16:34 In his days did Hiel the Beth-el-ite build Jericho: he laid the foundation thereof with the loss of Abiram his firstborn, and set up the gates thereof with the loss of his youngest son Segub, 191according to the word of Jehovah, which he spake by Joshua the son of Nun.
191Josh 6:26.[1King 17]
17:1 And Elijah the 192Tishbite, who was of the sojourners of Gilead, said unto Ahab, As Jehovah, the God of Israel, liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.
192Meaning, sojourner, And so everywhere.17:2 And the word of Jehovah came unto him, saying,
17:3 Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward, and hide thyself by the brook Cherith, that is before the Jordan.
17:4 And it shall be, that thou shalt drink of the brook; and I have commanded the ravens to feed thee there.
17:5 So he went and did according unto the word of Jehovah; for he went and dwelt by the brook Cherith, that is before the Jordan.
17:6 And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening; and he drank of the brook.
17:7 And it came to pass after a while, that the brook dried up, because there was no rain in the land.
17:8 And the word of Jehovah came unto him, saying,
17:9 Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Sidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow there to sustain thee.
17:10 So he arose and went to Zarephath; and when he came to the gate of the city, behold, a widow was there gathering sticks: and he called to her, and said, Fetch me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink.
17:11 And as she was going to fetch it, he called to her, and said, Bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread in thy hand.
17:12 And she said, As Jehovah thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but a handful of meal in the jar, and a little oil in the cruse: and, behold, I am gathering two sticks, that I may go in and dress it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die.
17:13 And Elijah said unto her, Fear not; go and do as thou hast said; but make me thereof a little cake first, and bring it forth unto me, and afterward make for thee and for thy son.
17:14 For thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, The jar of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day that Jehovah sendeth rain upon the earth.
17:15 And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house, did eat many days.
17:16 The jar of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of Jehovah, which he spake by Elijah.
17:17 And it came to pass after these things, that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick; and his sickness was so sore, that there was no breath left in him.
17:18 And she said unto Elijah, What have I to do with thee, O thou man of God? 193thou art come unto me to bring my sin to remembrance, and to slay my son!
193Or, art thou come etc.17:19 And he said unto her, Give me thy son. And he took him out of her bosom, and carried him up into the chamber, where he abode, and laid him upon his own bed.
17:20 And he cried unto Jehovah, and said, O Jehovah my God, hast thou also brought evil upon the widow with whom I sojourn, by slaying her son?
17:21 And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto Jehovah, and said, O Jehovah my God, I pray thee, let this child’s 194soul come into him again.
194Or, life or, being And in vs. 22.17:22 And Jehovah hearkened unto the voice of Elijah; and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived.
17:23 And Elijah took the child, and brought him down out of the chamber into the house, and delivered him unto his mother; and Elijah said, See, thy son liveth.
17:24 And the woman said to Elijah, Now I know that thou art a man of God, and that the word of Jehovah in thy mouth is truth.
18:1 And it came to pass after many days, that the word of Jehovah came to Elijah, in the third year, saying, Go, show thyself unto Ahab; and I will send rain upon the earth.
18:2 And Elijah went to show himself unto Ahab. And the famine was sore in Samaria.
18:3 And Ahab called Obadiah, who was over the household. (Now Obadiah feared Jehovah greatly:
18:4 for it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of Jehovah, that Obadiah took a hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.)
18:5 And Ahab said unto Obadiah, Go through the land, unto all the fountains of water, and unto all the brooks: peradventure we may find grass and save the horses and mules alive, 195that we lose not all the beasts.
195Or, and lose none of the beasts.18:6 So they divided the land between them to pass throughout it: Ahab went one way by himself, and Obadiah went another way by himself.
18:7 And as Obadiah was in the way, behold, Elijah met him: and he knew him, and fell on his face, and said, Is it thou, my lord Elijah?
18:8 And he answered him, It is I: go, tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah is here.
18:9 And he said, Wherein have I sinned, that thou wouldest deliver thy servant into the hand of Ahab, to slay me?
18:10 As Jehovah thy God liveth, there is no nation or kingdom, whither my lord hath not sent to seek thee: and when they said, He is not here, he took an oath of the kingdom and nation, that they found thee not.
18:11 And now thou sayest, Go, tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah is here.
18:12 And it will come to pass, as soon as I am gone from thee, that the Spirit of Jehovah will carry thee whither I know not; and so when I come and tell Ahab, and he cannot find thee, he will slay me: but I thy servant fear Jehovah from my youth.
18:13 Was it not told my lord what I did when Jezebel slew the prophets of Jehovah, how I hid a hundred men of Jehovah’s prophets by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water?
18:14 And now thou sayest, Go, tell thy lord, Behold, Elijah is here; and he will slay me.
18:15 And Elijah said, As Jehovah of hosts liveth, before whom I stand, I will surely show myself unto him today.
18:16 So Obadiah went to meet Ahab, and told him; and Ahab went to meet Elijah.
18:17 And it came to pass, when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said unto him, Is it thou, thou troubler of Israel?
18:18 And he answered, I have not troubled Israel; but thou, and thy father’s house, in that ye have forsaken the commandments of Jehovah, and thou hast followed the 196Baalim.
196Plural of Baal.18:19 Now therefore send, and gather to me all Israel unto mount Carmel, and the prophets of Baal four hundred fifty, and the prophets of the Asherah four hundred, 197that eat at Jezebel’s table.
197That is, those who are employed by Jezebel.18:20 So Ahab sent unto all the children of Israel, and gathered the prophets together unto mount Carmel.
18:21 And Elijah came near unto all the people, and said, How long go ye limping between the two sides? if Jehovah be God, follow him; but if Baal, then follow him. And the people answered him not a word.
18:22 Then said Elijah unto the people, I, even I only, am left a prophet of Jehovah; but Baal’s prophets are four hundred fifty men.
18:23 Let them therefore give us two bullocks; and let them choose one bullock for themselves, and cut it in pieces, and lay it on the wood, and put no fire under; and I will dress the other bullock, and lay it on the wood, and put no fire under.
18:24 And call ye on the name of your god, and I will call on the name of Jehovah: and the god that answereth by fire, let him be God. And all the people answered and said, It is well spoken.
18:25 And Elijah said unto the prophets of Baal, Choose you one bullock for yourselves, and dress it first; for ye are many; and call on the name of your god, but put no fire under it.
18:26 And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed it, and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, 198hear us. But there was no voice, nor any that answered. And they 199leaped about the altar which was made.
198Or, answer us.18:27 And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said, Cry aloud; for he is a god: either he is musing, or he is gone aside, or he is on a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth and must be awaked.
18:28 And they cried aloud, and cut themselves after their manner with 200knives and lances, till the blood gushed out upon them.
200Or, swords18:29 And it was so, when midday was past, that they prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening oblation; but there was neither voice, nor any to answer, nor any 201that regarded.
201Hb. attention.18:30 And Elijah said unto all the people, Come near unto me; and all the people came near unto him. And he repaired the altar of Jehovah that was thrown down.
18:31 And Elijah took twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, unto whom the word of Jehovah came, saying, Israel shall be thy name.
18:32 And with the stones he built an altar in the name of Jehovah; and he made a trench about the altar, as great as would contain 202two measures of seed.
202Or, a two-seah measure of seed. About 14.7 litre.18:33 And he put the wood in order, and cut the bullock in pieces, and laid it on the wood. And he said, Fill four jars with water, and pour it on the burnt-offering, and on the wood.
18:34 And he said, Do it a second time; and they did it a second time. And he said, Do it a third time; and they did it a third time.
18:35 And the water ran round about the altar; and he filled the trench also with water.
18:36 And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening oblation, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, O Jehovah, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this day that thou art God in Israel, and that I am thy servant, and that I have done all these things at thy word.
18:37 Hear me, O Jehovah, hear me, that this people may know that thou, Jehovah, art God, 203and that thou turnest their heart back again.
203Or, for thou didst turn their heart backward again.18:38 Then the fire of Jehovah fell, and consumed the burnt-offering, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.
18:39 And when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces: and they said, Jehovah, he is God; Jehovah, he is God.
18:40 And Elijah said unto them, Take the prophets of Baal; let not one of them escape. And they took them; and Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there.
18:41 And Elijah said unto Ahab, Get thee up, eat and drink; for there is the sound of abundance of rain.
18:42 So Ahab went up to eat and to drink. And Elijah went up to the top of Carmel; and he bowed himself down upon the earth, and put his face between his knees.
18:43 And he said to his servant, Go up now, look toward the sea. And he went up, and looked, and said, There is nothing. And he said, Go again seven times.
18:44 And it came to pass at the seventh time, that he said, Behold, there ariseth a cloud 204out of the sea, as small as a man’s hand. And he said, Go up, say unto Ahab, Make ready thy chariot, and get thee down, that the rain stop thee not.
204That is, from the west, over the Mediterranean Sea.18:45 And it came to pass in a little while, that the heavens grew black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel:
18:46 and the hand of Jehovah was on Elijah; and he girded up his loins, and 205ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.
205About 50 km. Beyond about 20 km, a strong man has more stamina and can outrun a horse.[1King 19]
19:1 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and withal how he had slain all the prophets with the sword.
19:2 Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I make not thy soul as the soul of one of them by tomorrow about this time.
19:3 206And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his soul, and came to Beer-sheba, which belongeth to Judah, and left his servant there.
206Some mss., Sept., Aram., Vg. read he was afraid and he arose,19:4 But he himself went a day’s journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a 207juniper-tree: and he requested for his soul that he might die, and said, It is enough; now, O Jehovah, take away my soul; for I am not better than my fathers.
207Or, broom-tree: Similarly in vs. 5.19:5 And he lay down and slept under a juniper-tree; and, behold, an angel touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat.
19:6 And he looked, and, behold, there was at his head a cake baken on the 208coals, and a cruse of water. And he did eat and drink, and laid him down again.
208Or, hot stones,19:7 And the angel of Jehovah came again a second time, and touched him, and said, Arise and eat, because the journey is too great for thee.
19:8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God.
19:9 And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of Jehovah came to him, and he said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah?
19:10 And he said, I have been very jealous for Jehovah, the God of hosts; for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword: and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my soul, to take it away.
19:11 And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before Jehovah. And, behold, Jehovah passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before Jehovah; but Jehovah was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but Jehovah was not in the earthquake:
19:12 and after the earthquake a fire; but Jehovah was not in the fire: and after the fire 209a still small voice.
209Hb. a sound of gentle stillness.19:13 and it was so, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entrance of the cave. And, behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah?
19:14 And he said, I have been very jealous for Jehovah, the God of hosts; for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my soul, to take it away.
19:15 And Jehovah said unto him, Go, return on thy way 210to the wilderness of Damascus: and when thou comest, thou shalt anoint Hazael to be king over Syria;
210Or, by the wilderness to Damascus:19:16 and Jehu the grandson of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel; and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy stead.
19:17 And it shall come to pass, that him that escapeth from the sword of Hazael shall Jehu slay; and him that escapeth from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha slay.
19:18 Yet will I leave me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him.
19:19 So he departed thence, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing, with twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he with the twelfth: and Elijah passed over unto him, and cast his mantle upon him.
19:20 And he left the oxen, and ran after Elijah, and said, Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow thee. And he said unto him, Go back again; for what have I done to thee?
19:21 And he returned from following him, and took the yoke of oxen, 211and slew them, and 212boiled their flesh with the instruments of the oxen, and gave unto the people, and they did eat. Then he arose, and went after Elijah, and ministered unto him.
211Having no further need of his personally-trained tools of the trade, he made a feast out of them.[1King 20]
20:1 And 213Ben-hadad the king of Syria gathered all his host together; and there were thirty-two kings with him, and horses and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and fought against it.
213Ben-hadad’s Aleppo inscription says, A stele set up by Barhadad (Ben-hadad) the son of T[abrimmon, the son of Hezion], king of Aram... [J.B. Pritchard, ANET, p. 501.] Not to be confused with the later Ben-hadad, the son of Hazael, king of Aram. Cf. 2Ki 8:14-15, 13:25.20:2 And he sent messengers to Ahab king of Israel, into the city, and said unto him, Thus saith Ben-hadad,
20:3 Thy silver and thy gold is mine; thy wives also and thy children, even the goodliest, are mine.
20:4 And the king of Israel answered and said, It is according to thy saying, my lord, O king; I am thine, and all that I have.
20:5 And the messengers came again, and said, Thus speaketh Ben-hadad, saying, I sent indeed unto thee, saying, Thou shalt deliver me thy silver, and thy gold, and thy wives, and thy children;
20:6 but I will send my servants unto thee tomorrow about this time, and they shall search thy house, and the houses of thy servants; and it shall be, that 214whatsoever is pleasant in thine eyes, they shall put it in their hand, and take it away.
214Hb. all the desire of thine eyes,20:7 Then the king of Israel called all the elders of the land, and said, Mark, I pray you, and see how this man seeketh mischief: for he sent unto me for my wives, and for my children, and for my silver, and for my gold; and I denied him not.
20:8 And all the elders and all the people said unto him, Hearken thou not, neither consent.
20:9 Wherefore he said unto the messengers of Ben-hadad, Tell my lord the king, All that thou didst send for to thy servant at the first I will do; but this thing I may not do. And the messengers departed, and brought him word again.
20:10 And Ben-hadad sent unto him, and said, The gods do so unto me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that 215follow me.
215Hb. are at my feet.20:11 And the king of Israel answered and said, Tell him, Let not him that girdeth on his armor boast himself as he that putteth it off.
20:12 And it came to pass, when Ben-hadad heard this message, as he was drinking, he and the kings, in the 216booths, that he said unto his servants, 217Set yourselves in array. And they set themselves in array against the city.
216Or, huts, or, pavilions, Also in vs. 16.20:13 And, behold, a prophet came near unto Ahab king of Israel, and said, Thus saith Jehovah, Hast thou seen all this great multitude? behold, I will deliver it into thy hand this day; and thou shalt know that I am Jehovah.
217Or, Place the engines. And they placed the engines against the city.
20:14 And Ahab said, By whom? And he said, Thus saith Jehovah, By the 218young men of the princes of the provinces. Then he said, Who shall 219begin the battle? And he answered, Thou.
218Or, servants20:15 Then he mustered the young men of the princes of the provinces, and they were two hundred thirty-two: and after them he mustered all the people, even all the children of Israel, being seven thousand.
20:16 And they went out at noon. But Ben-hadad was drinking himself drunk in the booths, he and the kings, the thirty-two kings that helped him.
20:17 And the young men of the princes of the provinces went out first; and Ben-hadad sent out, and they told him, saying, There are men come out from Samaria.
20:18 And he said, Whether they are come out for peace, take them alive; or whether they are come out for war, take them alive.
20:19 So these went out of the city, the young men of the princes of the provinces, and the army which followed them.
20:20 And they slew every one his man; and the Syrians fled, and Israel pursued them: and Ben-hadad the king of Syria escaped 220on a horse with horsemen.
220Or, with horse and horsemen.20:21 And the king of Israel went out, and smote the horses and the chariots, and slew the Syrians with a great slaughter.
20:22 And the prophet came near to the king of Israel, and said unto him, Go, strengthen thyself, and mark, and see what thou doest; for at the return of the year the king of Syria will come up against thee.
20:23 And the servants of the king of Syria said unto him, Their god is a god of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we: but let us fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they.
20:24 And do this thing: take the kings away, every man out of his place, and put 221captains in their stead;
221Or, governors See ch. 10:15.20:25 and number thee an army, like the army that thou hast lost, horse for horse, and chariot for chariot; and we will fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they. And he hearkened unto their voice, and did so.
20:26 And it came to pass at the return of the year, that Ben-hadad mustered the Syrians, and went up to Aphek, to fight against Israel.
20:27 And the children of Israel were mustered, and were victualled, and went against them: and the children of Israel encamped before them like two little flocks of kids; but the Syrians filled the country.
20:28 And 222a man of God came near and spake unto the king of Israel, and said, Thus saith Jehovah, Because the Syrians have said, Jehovah is a god of the hills, but he is not a god of the valleys; therefore will I deliver all this great multitude into thy hand, and ye shall know that I am Jehovah.
222Or, the20:29 And they encamped one over against the other seven days. And so it was, that in the seventh day the battle was joined; and the children of Israel slew of the Syrians a hundred thousand footmen in one day.
20:30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and the wall fell upon twenty-seven thousand men that were left. And Ben-hadad fled, and came into the city, 223into an inner chamber.
223Or, from chamber to chamber.20:31 And his servants said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings: let us, we pray thee, put sackcloth on our loins, and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure he will save thy soul.
20:32 So they girded sackcloth on their loins, and put ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel, and said, Thy servant Ben-hadad saith, I pray thee, let my soul live. And he said, Is he yet alive? 224he is my brother.
224Apparently in Ahab’s 19th year. Shalmaneser III of Assyria (reigned 35 years) had claimed substantial victories over Carchemish and five other northern nations in his first year (Ahab’s 17th year). If Ahab and Ben-hadad had joined together to discourage Shalmaneser from advancing further south, such a league could explain Ahab’s words, “my brother.”20:33 Now the men 225observed diligently, and hasted 226to catch whether it were 227his mind; and they said, Thy brother Ben-hadad. Then he said, Go ye, bring him. Then Ben-hadad came forth to him; and he caused him to come up into the chariot.
225Or, took it as an omen (Hb. divined), and hasted20:34 And Ben-hadad said unto him, The cities which my father took from thy father I will restore; and thou shalt make streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria. And I, said Ahab, will let thee go with this covenant. So he made a covenant with him, and let him go.
226Hbmg reads to catch it from him;
227Hb. from him;
20:35 And a certain man of the sons of the prophets said unto his fellow by the word of Jehovah, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man refused to smite him.
20:36 Then said he unto him, Because thou hast not obeyed the voice of Jehovah, behold, as soon as thou art departed from me, a lion shall slay thee. And as soon as he was departed from him, a lion found him, and slew him.
20:37 Then he found another man, and said, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man smote him, smiting and wounding him.
20:38 So the prophet departed, and waited for the king by the way, and disguised himself with his headband over his eyes.
20:39 And as the king passed by, he cried unto the king; and he said, Thy servant went out into the midst of the battle; and, behold, a man turned aside, and brought a man unto me, and said, Keep this man: if by any means he be missing, then shall thy soul be for his soul, or else thou shalt pay a talent of silver.
20:40 And as thy servant was busy here and there, he was gone. And the king of Israel said unto him, So shall thy judgment be; thyself hast decided it.
20:41 And he hasted, and took the headband away from his eyes; and the king of Israel discerned him that he was of the prophets.
20:42 And he said unto him, Thus saith Jehovah, Because thou hast let go out of thy hand the man whom I had devoted to destruction, therefore thy soul shall go for his soul, and thy people for his people.
20:43 And the king of Israel went to his house heavy and displeased, and came to Samaria.
21:1 And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.
21:2 And Ahab spake unto Naboth, saying, Give me thy vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near unto my house; and I will give thee for it a better vineyard than it: or, if it seem good to thee, I will give thee the worth of it in money.
21:3 And Naboth said to Ahab, Jehovah forbid it me, that I should give the inheritance of my fathers unto thee.
21:4 And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him; for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. And he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread.
21:5 But Jezebel his wife came to him, and said unto him, Why is thy spirit so sad, that thou eatest no bread?
21:6 And he said unto her, Because I spake unto Naboth the Jezreelite, and said unto him, Give me thy vineyard for money; or else, if it please thee, I will give thee another vineyard for it: and he answered, I will not give thee my vineyard.
21:7 And Jezebel his wife said unto him, Dost thou now govern the kingdom of Israel? arise, and eat bread, and let thy heart be merry: I will give thee the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.
21:8 So she wrote 228letters in Ahab’s name, and sealed them with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles that were in his city, and that dwelt with Naboth.
228Or, a letter in Ahab’s name21:9 And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth 229on high among the people:
229Or, at the head of the people: And in vs. 12.21:10 and set two men, 230sons of worthlessness, before him, and let them bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst 231curse God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone him to death.
230That is, schooled in worthless ways,21:11 And the men of his city, even the elders and the nobles that dwelt in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them, according as it was written in the letters which she had sent unto them.
231Or, renounce And in vs. 13. Sopherim changed to bless (in both verses)
21:12 They proclaimed a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people.
21:13 And the two men, the sons of worthlessness, came in and sat before him: and the men of worthlessness bare witness against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did curse God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him to death with stones.
21:14 Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, Naboth is stoned, and is dead.
21:15 And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money; for Naboth is not alive, but dead.
21:16 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of it.
21:17 And the word of Jehovah came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,
21:18 Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, who dwelleth in Samaria: behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, whither he is gone down to take possession of it.
21:19 And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, Hast thou killed, and also taken possession? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.
21:20 And Ahab said to Elijah, Hast thou found me, O mine enemy? And he answered, I have found thee, because thou hast sold thyself to do that which is evil in the sight of Jehovah.
21:21 Behold, I will bring evil upon thee, and will utterly sweep thee away and will cut off from Ahab every man-child, and him that is shut up and him that is left at large in Israel:
21:22 and I will make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked me to anger, and hast made Israel to sin.
21:23 And of Jezebel also spake Jehovah, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the rampart of Jezreel.
21:24 Him that dieth of Ahab in the city the dogs shall eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the birds of the heavens eat;
21:25 (But there was none like unto Ahab, who did sell himself to do that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up.
21:26 And he did very abominably in following idols, according to all that the Amorites did, whom Jehovah cast out before the children of Israel.)
21:27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went softly.
21:28 And the word of Jehovah came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,
21:29 Seest thou how Ahab humbleth himself before me? because he humbleth himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days; but in his son’s days will I bring the evil upon his house.
22:1 And they continued three years without war between Syria and Israel.
22:2 And it came to pass in the third year, 232that Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down to the king of Israel.
232Jehoshaphat’s league with Ahab may have been in response to the threat from Shalmaneser III of Assyria, also in Ahab’s last year. Shalmaneser claims to have defeated: Ahab of Israel, 2,000 chariots and 10,000 foot-soldiers; Hadad-ezer of Damascus, 1,200 chariots and 20,000 foot-soldiers and 1,200 cavalrymen; Irhuleni of Hamath, 700 chariots and 10,000 foot-soldiers and 700 cavalry-men; Gindibu’ of Arabia, 1,000 camel-riders; and eight other nations (one illegible), slaying 14,000. It is likely Shalmaneser’s losses were still greater, as he does not claim to have extracted tribute from these twelve nations [ANET p. 277]. With Assyria repulsed, if Damascus/Syria had lost much more than Israel, Ahab may have felt emboldened to retake Ramoth-gilead. Cf. ch. 20:34.22:3 And the king of Israel said unto his servants, Know ye that Ramoth-gilead is ours, and we 233are still, and take it not out of the hand of the king of Syria?
233Or, keep silence,22:4 And he said unto Jehoshaphat, Wilt thou go with me to battle to Ramoth-gilead? And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, I am as thou art, my people as thy people, my horses as thy horses.
22:5 And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, Inquire 234first, I pray thee, for the word of Jehovah.
234Hb. as the day, or, today,22:6 Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said unto them, shall I go against Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, Go up; for 235Jehovah will deliver it into the hand of the king.
235Sopherim changed to the Lord22:7 But Jehoshaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of Jehovah besides, that we may inquire of him?
22:8 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of Jehovah, Micaiah the son of Imlah: but I hate him; for he doth not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.
22:9 Then the king of Israel called an 236officer, and said, Fetch quickly Micaiah the son of Imlah.
236Or, eunuch,22:10 Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah were sitting each on his throne, arrayed in their robes, in 237an open place at the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets were prophesying before them.
237Hb. a threshing-floor22:11 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron, and said, Thus saith Jehovah, With these shalt thou push the Syrians, until they be consumed.
22:12 And all the prophets prophesied so, saying, Go up to Ramoth-gilead, and prosper; for Jehovah will deliver it into the hand of the king.
22:13 And the messenger that went to call Micaiah spake unto him, saying, Behold now, the words of the prophets declare good unto the king with one mouth: let thy word, I pray thee, be like the word of one of them, and speak thou good.
22:14 And Micaiah said, As Jehovah liveth, what Jehovah saith unto me, that will I speak.
22:15 And when he was come to the king, the king said unto him, Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall we forbear? And he answered him, 238Go up and prosper; and Jehovah will deliver it into the hand of the king.
238Perhaps it was spoken sarcastically.22:16 And the king said unto him, How many times shall I adjure thee that thou speak unto me nothing but the truth in the name of Jehovah?
22:17 And he said, I saw all Israel scattered upon the mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd: and Jehovah said, These have no master; let them return every man to his house in peace.
22:18 And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, Did I not tell thee that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?
22:19 And Micaiah said, Therefore hear thou the word of Jehovah: I saw Jehovah sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left.
22:20 And Jehovah said, Who shall 239entice Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead? And one said on this manner; and another said on that manner.
239Or, deceive22:21 And there came forth 240a spirit, and stood before Jehovah, and said, I will entice him.
240Hb. the spirit,22:22 And Jehovah said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all 241his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt entice him, and shalt prevail also: go forth, and do so.
241Likely implying these prophets were in Ahab’s hire.22:23 Now therefore, behold, Jehovah hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets; and Jehovah hath spoken evil concerning thee.
22:24 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of Jehovah from me to speak unto thee?
22:25 And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see on that day, when thou shalt go 242into an inner chamber to hide thyself.
242Or, from chamber to chamber to hide thyself.22:26 And the king of Israel said, Take Micaiah, and carry him back unto Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king’s son;
22:27 and say, Thus saith the king, Put this fellow in the prison, and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction, until I come in peace.
22:28 And Micaiah said, If thou return at all in peace, Jehovah hath not spoken by me. And he said, Hear, ye peoples, all of you.
22:29 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth-gilead.
22:30 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, and go into the battle; but put thou on thy robes. And the king of Israel disguised himself, and went into the battle.
22:31 Now the king of Syria had commanded the thirty-two captains of his chariots, saying, 243Fight neither with small nor great, save only with the king of Israel.
243Implying the king of Syria knew that Ahab alone was the motivator for the battle, not the people.22:32 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, Surely it is the king of Israel; and they turned aside to fight against him: and Jehoshaphat cried out.
22:33 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel, that they turned back from pursuing him.
22:34 And a certain man drew his bow 244at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between 245the joints of the armor: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thy hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am sore wounded.
244Hb. in his simplicity,22:35 And the battle increased that day: and the king was stayed up in his chariot against the Syrians, and died in the evening; and the blood ran out of the wound into the bottom of the chariot.
245Or, the lower armor and the breastplate:
22:36 And there went a cry throughout the host about the going down of the sun, saying, Every man to his city, and every man to his country.
22:37 So the king died, and was brought to Samaria; and they buried the king in Samaria.
22:38 And they washed the chariot by the pool of Samaria; and the dogs licked up his blood (246now the harlots washed themselves there); 247according unto the word of Jehovah which he spake.
246Or possibly, and they washed the armor there22:39 Now the rest of the acts of Ahab, and all that he did, and the ivory house which he built, and all the cities that he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
22:40 So Ahab slept with his fathers; and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead.
22:41 And Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel.
22:42 Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty-five years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.
22:43 And he walked in all the way of Asa his father; he turned not aside from it, doing that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah: howbeit the high places were not taken away; the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places.
22:44 And Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel.
22:45 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, and his might that he showed, and how he warred, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
22:46 And the remnant of the sodomites, that remained in the days of his father Asa, he put away out of the land.
22:47 And there was no king in Edom: a deputy was king.
22:48 Jehoshaphat made 248ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold (but they went not; for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber).
248Implying ocean-going ships were necessary to reach Ophir; hence, most likely, Ophir is South Africa.22:49 Then said Ahaziah the son of Ahab unto Jehoshaphat, Let my servants go with thy servants in the ships. But Jehoshaphat would not.
22:50 And Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father; and Jehoram his son reigned in his stead.
22:51 Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned two years over Israel.
22:52 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and walked in the way of his father, and in the way of his mother, and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, 249wherein he made Israel to sin.
249Or, who made Israel to sin.22:53 And he served Baal, and worshipped him, and provoked to anger Jehovah the God of Israel, according to all that his father had done.