1:1 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for Jehovah hath spoken: I have 1nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.
1Or, made great and exalted children, See Ez 31:4.1:3 The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master’s crib; but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.
1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evil-doers, children that deal corruptly! they have forsaken Jehovah, they have despised the Holy One of Israel, they are estranged and gone backward.
1:5 2Why will ye be still stricken, that ye revolt more and more? 3the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.
2Or, Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt;1:6 From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and fresh stripes: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with oil.
3Or, every head is sick, and every heart faint.
1:7 Your country is desolate; your cities are burned with fire; your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is desolate, 4as overthrown by strangers.
4Or, as the overthrow of strangers.1:8 And the daughter of Zion is left as a booth in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
1:9 Except Jehovah of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, we should have been like unto Gomorrah.
1:10 Hear the word of Jehovah, ye 5rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the 6law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.
5Or, judges1:11 What unto me is the multitude of your sacrifices? saith Jehovah: I have had enough of the burnt-offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he-goats.
1:12 When ye come 7to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to trample my courts?
7Or with different. points (vowels), to see my face,1:13 Bring no more 8vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; new moon and sabbath, the calling of assemblies, – 9I cannot bear iniquity and the solemn meeting.
8Hb. an oblation of vanity;1:14 Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth; they are 10a trouble unto me; I am weary of bearing them.
9Or, I cannot bear; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting.
10Or, an encumbrance or, a hindrance1:15 And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you; yes, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.
1:16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
1:17 learn to do well; seek justice, 11relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
11Or, set right the oppressor,1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith Jehovah: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
1:19 If ye be willing and obedient, ye shall eat the good of the land:
1:20 but if ye refuse and rebel, ye shall be devoured with the sword; for the mouth of Jehovah hath spoken it.
1:21 How is the faithful city become a harlot! she that was full of justice! righteousness lodged in her, but now murderers.
1:22 Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water.
1:23 Thy princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves; every one loveth bribes, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
1:24 Therefore saith the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies;
1:25 and I will 12turn my hand upon thee, and 13thoroughly purge away thy dross, and will take away all thy 14tin;
12Or, bring my hand again,1:26 and I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy counsellors as at the beginning: afterward thou shalt be called The city of righteousness, a faithful town.
13Hb. as with lye purge away thy dross,
1:27 Zion shall be redeemed with justice, and 15her converts with righteousness.
15Or, they that return of her with righteousness.1:28 But the 16destruction of transgressors and sinners shall be together, and they that forsake Jehovah shall be consumed.
16Hb. breaking1:29 For they shall be ashamed of the 17oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.
17Or, terebinths1:30 For ye shall be as 18an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water.
18Or, a terebinth1:31 And the strong shall be as tow, and his work as a spark; and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.
2:1 The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
2:2 And it shall come to pass in the latter days, that the mountain of Jehovah’s house shall be established 19on the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow 20unto it.
19Or, at the head of the mountains,2:3 And many peoples shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of Jehovah, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth 21the law, and the word of Jehovah from Jerusalem.
20So Massoretic 4QIsae,f (Aram.) Vg. 1QIsaa Sept. read over it.
21Or, instruction2:4 And he will judge 22between the nations, and will decide concerning many peoples; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
22Or, among2:5 O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of Jehovah.
2:6 For thou hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they are filled with customs from the east, and are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they strike hands with the children of foreigners.
2:7 And their land is full of silver and gold, neither is there any end of their treasures; their land also is full of horses, neither is there any end of their chariots.
2:8 Their land also is full of idols; they worship the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made.
2:9 And man 23is bowed down and the great man 24is brought low: therefore 25thou wilt forgive them not.
23Or, boweth down,2:10 Enter into the rock, and hide thee in the dust, from before the terror of Jehovah, and from the glory of his majesty.
24Or, humbleth himself:
25So 4QIsa b,a Sept. Massoretic Aram., Vg. omit thou wilt
2:11 The lofty looks of man shall be brought low, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and Jehovah alone shall be exalted in that day.
2:12 For 26there shall be a day of Jehovah of hosts upon all that is proud and haughty, and upon all that is lifted up; and it shall be brought low:
26Or, Jehovah of hosts hath a day upon all etc.2:13 and upon all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan,
2:14 and upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up,
2:15 and upon every lofty tower, and upon every fortified wall,
2:16 and upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant 27imagery.
27Or, watchtowers.2:17 And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be brought low; and Jehovah alone shall be exalted in that day.
2:18 And the idols shall utterly pass away.
2:19 And men shall go into the caves of the rocks, and into the holes of the 28earth, from before the terror of Jehovah, and from the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake mightily the earth.
28Hb. dust,2:20 In that day men shall cast away their idols of silver, and their idols of gold, which have been made for them to worship, to the moles and to the bats;
2:21 to go into the caverns of the rocks, and into the clefts of the ragged rocks, from before the terror of Jehovah, and from the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake mightily the earth.
2:22 Cease ye from man, whose breath is in his nostrils; for wherein is he to be accounted of?
3:1 For, behold, The Lord, Jehovah of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah star and staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water;
3:2 the mighty man, and the man of war; the judge, and the prophet, and the diviner, and the elder;
3:3 the captain of fifty, and the honorable man, and the counsellor, and the expert 29artificer, and the skilful enchanter.
29Or, charmer3:4 And I will give children to be their princes, and 30babes shall rule over them.
30Or, with childishness shall they rule over them.3:5 And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbor: the child shall behave himself proudly against the old man, and the base against the honorable.
3:6 When a man shall take hold of his brother in the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing, be thou our 31ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand;
31Or, judge,3:7 in that day shall he lift up his voice, saying, I will not be a 32healer; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing: ye shall not make me ruler of the people.
32Hb. a binder up;3:8 For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen; because their tongue and their doings are against Jehovah, to provoke the eyes of his glory.
3:9 33The show of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have done evil unto themselves.
33Or, Their respecting of persons doth witness etc.3:10 Say ye 34of the righteous, that it shall be well with him; for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.
34So Massoretic. 1Isaa Aram., Vg. read to3:11 Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill with him; for what his hands have done shall be done unto him.
3:12 As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they that lead thee cause thee to err, and 35destroy the way of thy paths.
35Hb. swallow up the way of thy paths.3:13 Jehovah standeth up to contend, and standeth to judge 36the peoples.
36Or, people.3:14 Jehovah will enter into judgment with the elders of his people, and the princes thereof: It is ye that have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor is in your houses:
3:15 what mean ye that ye crush my people, and grind the face of the poor? saith the Lord, Jehovah of hosts.
3:16 Moreover Jehovah said, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with outstretched necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet;
3:17 therefore 37Jehovah will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and Jehovah will lay bare their secret parts.
37Sopherim changed to the Lord Also in vs. 18.3:18 In that day Jehovah will take away the beauty of their anklets, and the 38cauls, and the crescents;
38Or, networks,3:19 and the pendants, and the 39bracelets, and the mufflers;
39Or, chains,3:20 the headtires, and the ankle chains, and the sashes, and the 40perfume boxes, and the amulets;
40Lit. houses of the soul,3:21 and the rings, and the nose jewels;
3:22 the festival robes, and the mantles, and the shawls, and the satchels;
3:23 the hand-mirrors, and the fine linen, and the turbans, and the veils.
3:24 And it shall come to pass, that instead of sweet spices there shall be rottenness; and instead of a girdle, a rope; and instead of well set hair, baldness; and instead of a robe, a girding of sackcloth: branding instead of beauty.
3:25 Thy men shall fall by the sword, and thy 41mighty in the war.
41Hb. might3:26 And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she shall be 42desolate and sit upon the ground.
42Or, emptied[Isa 4]
4:1 And seven women shall take hold of one man in that day, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only let us be called by thy name; take thou away our reproach.
4:2 In that day shall the 43branch of Jehovah be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the 44land shall be 45excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.
43Or, shoot or, sprout4:3 And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written 46among the living in Jerusalem;
46Or, unto life in Jerusalem;4:4 when 47Jehovah shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof, by the 48spirit of justice, and by the spirit of burning.
47Sopherim changed to the Lord4:5 And Jehovah will create over 49the whole habitation of mount Zion, and over her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory shall be spread a covering.
48Or, blast (both times)
49Or, every dwelling-place of mount Zion,4:6 And there shall be a booth for a shade in the daytime from the heat, and for a refuge and for a covert from storm and from rain.
5:1 50Let me sing 51for my well-beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My well-beloved had a vineyard in 52a very fruitful hill:
50So Massoretic. 1QIsaa, Aram, Vg. read I will sing5:2 and he digged it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also hewed out a 53winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
52Hb. a horn, the son of oil:
53Or, winevat5:3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.
5:4 What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?
5:5 And now I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be 54eaten up; I will break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:
54Or, burnt up;5:6 and I will lay it waste; it shall not be pruned nor hoed; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
5:7 For the vineyard of Jehovah of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah 55his pleasant plant: and 56he looked for justice, but, behold, 57oppression; for righteousness, but, behold, a cry.
55Hb. the plant of his delight:5:8 Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no room, and ye be made to dwell alone in the midst of the land!
56The Hebrew uses two pairs of homonyms: he looked for mishepāth, but, behold, misepāch; for tzedāqāh, but, behold, tzeāqāh. An equivalent English paraphrase might be, he sought for brotherhood, but saw bloodshed; a call to healing, but saw a cry for help!
57Or, shedding of blood;
5:9 In mine ears saith Jehovah of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, even great and fair, without inhabitant.
5:10 For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one 58bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.
581 bath = 22 (liquid) litre. 1 homer = 220 (dry) litre = 6¼ U.S. bushel; 1 ephah = 22 (dry) litre.5:11 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that tarry late into the night, till wine inflame them!
5:12 And the harp and the lute, the tabret and the pipe, and wine, are in their feasts; but they regard not the work of Jehovah, neither have they considered the operation of his hands.
5:13 Therefore my people are gone into captivity for lack of knowledge; and 59their honorable men are famished, and their multitude are parched with thirst.
59Hb. their glory are men of famine,5:14 Therefore Sheol hath enlarged its soul, and opened its mouth without measure; and their glory, and their multitude, and their 60pomp, and he that rejoiceth among them, descend into it.
60Or, tumult,5:15 And man is bowed down, and the great man is humbled, and the eyes of the lofty are humbled:
5:16 but Jehovah of hosts is exalted in justice, and God the Holy One is sanctified in righteousness.
5:17 Then shall the lambs feed as in their pasture, and the waste places of the fat ones shall 61wanderers eat.
61Or, sojourners5:18 Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of falsehood, and sin as it were with a cart rope;
5:19 that say, Let him make speed, let him hasten his work, that we may see it; and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know it!
5:20 Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!
5:21 Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight!
5:22 Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink;
5:23 that justify the wicked for a bribe, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!
5:24 Therefore as the tongue of fire devoureth the stubble, and as the dry grass sinketh down in the flame, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust; because they have rejected the 62law of Jehovah of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
62Or, teaching5:25 Therefore is the anger of Jehovah kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them; and the mountains tremble, and their dead bodies are as refuse in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
5:26 And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far, and will hiss for 63them from the end of the earth; and, behold, 64they shall come with speed swiftly:
63Hb. him5:27 none shall be weary nor stumble among them; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken:
64Hb. he Also in the following verses.
5:28 whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent; their horses’ hoofs shall be accounted as flint, and their wheels as a whirlwind:
5:29 their roaring shall be like a lioness, they shall roar like young lions; yes, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and carry it away safe, and there shall be none to deliver.
5:30 And they shall roar 65against them in that day like the roaring of the sea: and if one look unto the land, 66behold, darkness and distress; and the light is darkened in the clouds thereof.
65Or, over[Isa 6]
66Massoretic reads behold, darkness; distress and light; it is dark in the clouds thereof.
6:1 In the year that king Uzziah died I saw 67Jehovah sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up; and his 68train filled the temple.
67Sopherim changed to the Lord Also in vs. 8.6:2 Above him stood fiery beings: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly.
6:3 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is Jehovah of hosts: 69the whole earth is full of his glory.
69Hb. the fulness of the whole earth is his glory.6:4 And the foundations of the thresholds shook at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.
6:5 Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, Jehovah of hosts.
6:6 Then flew one of the fiery ones unto me, having a 70live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar:
70Or, hot stone in his hand,6:7 and he touched my mouth with it, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin 71forgiven.
71Or, expiated.6:8 And I heard the voice of Jehovah, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then I said, Here am I; send me.
6:9 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye 72indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.
72Or, continually (both times)6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and 73understand with their heart, and turn again, and be healed.
73Or, their heart should understand,6:11 Then said I, 74Jehovah, how long? And he answered, Until cities be waste without inhabitant, and houses without man, and the land become utterly waste,
74Sopherim changed to Lord6:12 and Jehovah have removed men far away, and the forsaken places be many in the midst of the land.
6:13 75And if there be yet a tenth in it, it also shall in turn be 76eaten up: as a terebinth, and as an oak, 77whose 78stock remaineth, when they 79are felled; so the holy seed is the stock thereof.
75Or, But yet in it shall be a tenth, and it shall return, and shall be eaten up:[Isa 7]
76Or, burnt up:
77Or, whose substance is in them,
78Or, substance (both times)
79Or, cast their leaves;
7:1 And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to war against it; but could not prevail against it.
7:2 And it was told the house of David, saying, Syria 80is confederate with Ephraim. And his heart trembled, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the forest tremble with the wind.
80Hb. resteth on Ephraim.7:3 Then said Jehovah unto Isaiah, Go forth now to meet Ahaz, thou, and 81Shear-jashub thy son, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool, in the highway of the fuller’s field;
81That is, A remnant shall return.7:4 And say unto him, Take heed, and be quiet; fear not, neither let thy heart be faint, because of these two tails of smoking firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin and Syria, and of the son of Remaliah.
7:5 Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son of Remaliah, have purposed evil against thee, saying,
7:6 Let us go up against Judah, and vex it, and let us make a breach therein for us, and set up a king in the midst of it, even the son of Tabeel;
7:7 thus saith the Lord Jehovah, It shall not stand, neither shall it come to pass.
7:8 For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin; and within sixty-five years shall Ephraim be broken in pieces, so that it shall not be a people:
7:9 and the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is Remaliah’s son. If ye will not believe, surely ye shall not be established.
7:10 And Jehovah spake again unto Ahaz, saying,
7:11 Ask thee a sign of Jehovah thy God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above.
7:12 But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt Jehovah.
7:13 And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, that ye will weary my God also?
7:14 Therefore 82Jehovah himself will give you a sign: behold, the young 83virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name 84Immanuel.
82Sopherim changed to the Lord7:15 85Butter and honey shall he eat, 86when he knoweth to refuse the evil, and choose the good.
83Or, maiden Sept. reads virgin. Whether Hb. almah means a biological virgin, unless virgin is meant, it would hardly seem a sign from Jehovah.
84That is, God is with us.
85Or, Curds7:16 For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land whose two kings thou abhorrest shall be forsaken.
86Or, that he may know or, till he know
7:17 Jehovah will bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father’s house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah – even the king of Assyria.
7:18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Jehovah will hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria.
7:19 And they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the 87desolate valleys, and in the clefts of the rocks, and upon all thorn-hedges, and upon all 88pastures.
87Or, rugged7:20 In that day will 89Jehovah shave with a razor that is hired, in the parts beyond the River, even with the king of Assyria, the head and the hair of the feet; and it shall also consume the beard.
89Sopherim changed to the Lord7:21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall keep alive a young cow, and two sheep;
7:22 and it shall come to pass, that because of the abundance of milk which they shall give he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the midst of the land.
7:23 And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, shall be for briers and thorns.
7:24 With arrows and with bow shall one come thither, because all the land shall be briers and thorns.
7:25 And all the hills that were digged with the mattock, 90thou shalt not come thither for fear of briers and thorns; but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of sheep.
90Or, where never came the fear of briers and thorns, shall be for the sending forth etc. or, there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns; but it shall be for the sending forth etc.[Isa 8]
8:1 And Jehovah said unto me, Take thee a great tablet, and write upon it 91in common characters, For 92Maher-shalal-hash-baz;
91Or, with the pen of a man,8:2 and I will take unto me faithful witnesses to record, Uriah the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.
92Meaning The spoil speedeth, the prey hasteth; Also in vs. 3.
8:3 And I went unto the prophetess; and she conceived, and bare a son. Then said Jehovah unto me, Call his name Maher-shalal-hash-baz.
8:4 For before the child shall know how to cry, My father, and, My mother, the riches of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria shall be carried away before the king of Assyria.
8:5 And Jehovah spake unto me yet again, saying,
8:6 Forasmuch as this people have refused the waters of Shiloah that go softly, 93and rejoice 94in Rezin and Remaliah’s son;
93Or, even they that rejoice8:7 now therefore, behold, 95Jehovah bringeth up upon them the waters of the River, strong and many, even the king of Assyria and all his glory: and it shall come up over all its channels, and go over all its banks;
95Sopherim changed to the Lord8:8 and it shall sweep onward into Judah; it shall overflow and pass through; it shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of its wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.
8:9 96Make an uproar, O ye peoples, and be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and be broken in pieces.
96Or, Break, O ye peoples,8:10 Take counsel together, and it shall be brought to nought; speak a word, and it shall not stand: for 97God is with us.
97Hb. immanu El.8:11 For Jehovah spake thus to me 98with a strong hand, and instructed me not to walk in the way of this people, saying,
98Hb. with strength of hand,8:12 Say ye not, A conspiracy, concerning all whereof this people shall say, A conspiracy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be in dread thereof.
8:13 Jehovah of hosts, him shall ye sanctify; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.
8:14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
8:15 And 99many shall stumble thereon, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.
99Or, many among them shall stumble, and fall, etc.8:16 Bind thou up the testimony, seal the 100law among my disciples.
100Or, teaching Also in vs. 20.8:17 And I will wait for Jehovah, that hideth his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.
8:18 Behold, I and the children whom Jehovah hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from Jehovah of hosts, who dwelleth in mount Zion.
8:19 And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits and unto the wizards, that chirp and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their 101God? on behalf of the living should they seek unto the dead?
101Or, gods Hb. Elohim And in vs. 21.8:20 To the law and to the testimony! 102if they speak not according to this word, surely there is no morning for them.
102Or, surely according to this word shall they speak for whom there is no morning.8:21 And they shall pass through it, sore distressed and hungry; and it shall come to pass that, when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and 103curse by their king and by their God, and turn their faces upward:
103Or, curse their king and their God,8:22 and they shall look unto the earth, and behold, distress and darkness, the gloom of anguish; 104and 105into thick darkness they shall be driven away.
104Or, and thick darkness shall be driven away: for there shall be no gloom to her that was in anguish.[Isa 9]
9:1 106But there shall be no gloom to her that was in anguish. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali; but in the latter time hath he made it glorious, by the way 107of the sea beyond the Jordan, 108Galilee of the nations.
106Or, For9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwelt in the land of 109the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.
107That is, of the Sea of Galilee outlet northward.
108Or, the district of the nations.
109Or, deep darkness,9:3 Thou hast multiplied the nation, 110thou hast increased their joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.
110Most Hbtxt Vg read thou didst not increase the joy:9:4 For the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, thou hast broken as in the day of Midian.
9:5 For 111all the armor of the armed man in the tumult, and the garments rolled in blood, shall be for burning, for fuel of fire.
111Or, every boot of the booted warrior in the tumult,9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called 112Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God, 113Everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace.
112Or, Wonderful, Counsellor,9:7 Of the increase of his government and of peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to establish 114it, and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of Jehovah of hosts will perform this.
113Hb. Father of Eternity,
114Massoretic implies the kingdom, 1QIsaa implies the throne9:8 115Jehovah sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel.
115Sopherim changed to The Lord9:9 And all the people shall know, even Ephraim and the inhabitant of Samaria, that say in pride and in stoutness of heart,
9:10 The bricks are fallen, but we will build with hewn stone; the sycomores are cut down, but we will put cedars in their place.
9:11 Therefore Jehovah 116will set up on high against him the adversaries of Rezin, and 117will 118stir up his enemies,
116Or, hath set up9:12 the Syrians 119before, and the Philistines 120behind; and they 121shall devour Israel with open mouth. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
117Or, hath stirred up
118Or, join together (or, arm) his enemies,
119Or, on the east,9:13 Yet the people have not turned unto him that smote them, neither have they sought Jehovah of hosts.
120Or, on the west;
121Or, have devoured Israel
9:14 Therefore Jehovah 122will cut off from Israel head and tail, palm-branch and rush, in one day.
122Or, hath cut off9:15 The elder and the honorable man, he is the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he is the tail.
9:16 For they that lead this people cause them to err; and they that are led of them are 123destroyed.
123Hb. swallowed up.9:17 Therefore 124Jehovah will not rejoice over their young men, neither will he have compassion on their fatherless and widows; for every one is profane and an evil-doer, and every mouth speaketh folly. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
124Sopherim changed to the Lord9:18 For wickedness burneth as the fire; it devoureth the briers and thorns; yes, it kindleth in the thickets of the forest, and they roll upward in a column of smoke.
9:19 Through the wrath of Jehovah of hosts is the land 125burnt up; and the people are as the fuel of fire: no man spareth his brother.
125Or, darkened;9:20 And one shall snatch on the right hand, and be hungry; and he shall eat on the left hand, and they shall not be satisfied: they shall eat every man the flesh of his own arm:
9:21 Manasseh, Ephraim; and Ephraim, Manasseh; and they together shall be against Judah. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
10:1 Woe unto them that decree unrighteous decrees, and to the writers that write perverseness;
10:2 to turn aside the needy from justice, and to rob the poor of my people of their right, that widows may be their spoil, and that they may make the fatherless their prey!
10:3 And what will ye do for the day of visitation, and for the desolation which shall come from far? to whom will ye flee for help? and where will ye leave your glory?
10:4 126They shall only bow down under the prisoners, and shall fall under the slain. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
126Or, Without me they shall bow down etc.10:5 127Ho Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, the staff in whose hand is mine indignation!
127Or, Woe to Asshur,10:6 I will send him against a profane nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and 128to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
128Hb. to make them a treading down like etc.10:7 Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy, and to cut off nations not a few.
10:8 For he saith, Are not my princes all of them kings?
10:9 Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?
10:10 As my hand hath 129found the kingdoms of the idols, whose graven images did excel them of Jerusalem and of Samaria;
129Or, reached10:11 shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her idols?
10:12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, that, when 130Jehovah hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will 131punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.
130Sopherim changed to the Lord10:13 For he hath said, By the strength of my hand I have done it, and by my wisdom: for I have understanding: and I have removed the bounds of the peoples, and have robbed their treasures, and like a valiant man I have brought down 132them that sit on thrones:
131Hb. visit upon the fruit etc.
132Or, the inhabitants:10:14 and my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the peoples; and as one gathereth eggs that are forsaken, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or that opened the mouth, or chirped.
10:15 Shall the axe boast itself against him that heweth therewith? shall the saw magnify itself against him that wieldeth it? as if a rod should wield them that lift it up, or as if a staff should lift up him that is not wood.
10:16 Therefore will the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and 133under his glory there shall be kindled a burning like the burning of fire.
133Or, instead of his glory10:17 And the light of Israel will be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame; and it will burn and devour his thorns and his briers in one day.
10:18 And he will consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and it shall be 134as when a standard-bearer fainteth.
134Or, as when a sick man pineth away.10:19 And the remnant of the trees of his forest shall be few, so that a child may write them.
10:20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and they that are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again lean upon him that smote them, but shall lean upon Jehovah, the Holy One of Israel, in truth.
10:21 135A remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God.
135Hb. shear-jashub See ch. 7:3.10:22 For though thy people, Israel, be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant 136of them shall return: a destruction is determined, overflowing with righteousness.
136Hb. in it shall return:10:23 For a full end, and that determined, will the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, make in the midst of all the 137earth.
137Or, land.10:24 Therefore thus saith the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the 138Assyrian, though he smite thee with the rod, and lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt.
138Hb. Asshur,10:25 For yet a very little while, and the indignation against thee shall be accomplished, and mine anger shall be directed to his destruction.
10:26 And Jehovah of hosts will stir up against him a scourge, as in the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and 139his rod will be over the sea, and he will lift it up after the manner of Egypt.
139Or, as his rod was over the sea, so shall he etc.10:27 And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall depart from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed by reason of 140fatness.
140Hb. oil.10:28 He is come on Aiath, he is passed through Migron; at Michmash he layeth up his baggage;
10:29 they are gone over the pass; 141they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah trembleth; Gibeah of Saul is fled.
141Or, Geba is our lodging, they cry;10:30 Cry aloud with thy voice, O daughter of Gallim! hearken, O Laishah! O thou poor Anathoth!
10:31 Madmenah is a fugitive; the inhabitants of Gebim 142flee for safety.
142Or, make their households flee for safety.10:32 This very day shall he halt at Nob: he shaketh his hand at the mount of the 143daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.
143Hbtxt alone reads house of Zion, [similar words]10:33 Behold, the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, will lop the boughs with terror: and the high of stature shall be hewn down, and the lofty shall be brought low.
10:34 And he will cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.
11:1 And there shall come forth a shoot out of the stock of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots shall bear fruit:
11:2 and the Spirit of Jehovah shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the awe of Jehovah;
11:3 and 144his 145delight shall be in the awe of Jehovah; and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither decide after the hearing of his ears;
144Or, he shall be of quick understanding in etc.11:4 but with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and decide with equity for the meek of the 146earth; and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
146Or, land; (both times)11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his waist, and faithfulness the girdle of his loins.
11:6 And the wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.
11:7 And the cow and the bear 147shall feed together; and their young ones shall lie down; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
147Massoretic reads shall feed; together their young11:8 And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the adder’s den.
11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain; for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of Jehovah, as the waters cover the sea.
11:10 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the root of Jesse, that standeth for an ensign of the peoples, unto him shall the nations seek; and his resting-place shall be 148glorious.
148Hb. glory.11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that 149Jehovah 150will set his hand again a second time to 151recover the remnant of his people, that shall remain, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the 152coastlands of the sea.
149Sopherim changed to the Lord11:12 And he will set up an ensign for the nations, and will assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.
150Or, will again the second time recover with his hand the remnant of his people,
151Or, purchase See Ex 15:16.
152Or, islands Likely Mediterranean and westward.
11:13 The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and they that vex 153Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.
153Or, in Judah11:14 And they shall fly down upon the shoulder of the Philistines on the west; together shall they despoil the children of the east: they shall put forth their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.
11:15 And Jehovah will 154utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his scorching wind will he wave his hand over the River, and will smite it into seven streams, and cause men to march over dryshod.
154Hb. devote the tongue of the Egyptian sea;11:16 And there shall be a highway for the remnant of his people, that shall remain, from Assyria; like as there was for Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.
12:1 And in that day thou shalt say, I will give thanks unto thee, O Jehovah; for though thou wast angry with me, 155thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortest me.
155Or, let thine anger turn away, and comfort thou me.12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and will not be afraid: for 156Jehovah, even Jehovah, is my strength and song; and he is become my salvation.
156Hb. Jah Jehovah,12:3 Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.
12:4 And in that day shall ye say, Give thanks unto Jehovah, 157call upon his name, declare his doings among the peoples, make mention that his name is exalted.
157Or, proclaim his name,12:5 Sing unto Jehovah; for he hath done 158excellent things: 159let this be known in all the earth.
158Or, gloriously:12:6 Cry aloud and shout, thou 160inhabitant of Zion; for great in the midst of thee is the Holy One of Israel.
159Or, this is made known in all the earth.
160Hb. inhabitress[Isa 13]
13:1 The 161burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see.
161Or, oracle concerning Babylon,13:2 Set ye up an ensign upon the bare mountain, lift up the voice unto them, wave the hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles.
13:3 I have commanded my consecrated ones, yes, I have called my mighty men for mine anger, even 162my proudly exulting ones.
162Or, them that exult in my majesty.13:4 The noise of a multitude in the mountains, as of a great people! the noise of a tumult of the kingdoms of the nations gathered together! Jehovah of hosts is mustering the host for the battle.
13:5 They come from a far country, from the uttermost part of heaven, even Jehovah, and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land.
13:6 Wail ye; for the day of Jehovah is at hand; as destruction from 163the Almighty shall it come.
163Hb. Shaddai See Ge 17:1.13:7 Therefore shall all hands be feeble, and every heart of man shall melt:
13:8 and they shall be dismayed; 164pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman in travail: they shall look in amazement one at another; their faces shall be faces of flame.
164Or, they shall take hold of pangs and sorrows;13:9 Behold, the day of Jehovah cometh, cruel, with wrath and fierce anger; to make the land a desolation, and to destroy the sinners thereof out of it.
13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light; the sun shall be darkened in its going forth, and the moon shall not cause its light to shine.
13:11 And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.
13:12 I will make a man more 165precious than fine gold, even a man than the pure gold of Ophir.
165Or possibly, scarce But cf. 2Ki 1:13-14, Ps 72:14.13:13 Therefore I will make the heavens to tremble, and the earth shall be shaken out of its place, in the wrath of Jehovah of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.
13:14 And it shall come to pass, that as the chased 166roe, and as sheep that no man gathereth, they shall turn every man to his own people, and shall flee every man to his own land.
166Or, gazelle,13:15 Every one that is found shall be thrust through; and every one that is 167taken shall fall by the sword.
167Or, joined thereunto shall fall by the sword.13:16 Their infants also shall be dashed in pieces before their eyes; their houses shall be rifled, and their wives ravished.
13:17 Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, who shall not regard silver, and as for gold, they shall not delight in it.
13:18 And their bows shall dash the young men in pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children.
13:19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldeans’ pride, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.
13:20 It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall shepherds make their flocks to lie down there.
13:21 But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and ostriches shall dwell there, and wild goats shall dance there.
13:22 And 168wolves shall 169cry in their castles, and jackals in the pleasant palaces: her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.
168Hb. howling creatures shall cry[Isa 14]
14:1 For Jehovah will have compassion on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the sojourner shall join himself with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob.
14:2 And the peoples shall take them, and bring them to their place; and the house of Israel shall possess them in the land of Jehovah for servants and for handmaids: and they shall take them captive whose captives they were; and they shall rule over their oppressors.
14:3 And it shall come to pass in the day that Jehovah shall give thee rest from thy sorrow, and from thy trouble, and from the hard service wherein thou wast made to serve,
14:4 that thou shalt take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the 170golden city ceased!
170Or, exactress ceased! 1QIsaa reads assault ceased!14:5 Jehovah hath broken the staff of the wicked, the sceptre of the rulers;
14:6 171that smote the peoples in wrath with a continual stroke, that ruled the nations in anger, with a persecution that none restrained.
171Or, he that smote the peoples... the nations in anger, is persecuted, and none hindereth.14:7 The whole earth is at rest, and is quiet: they break forth into singing.
14:8 Yes, the fir-trees rejoice at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art laid low, no hewer is come up against us.
14:9 Sheol from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming; it stirreth up 172the dead for thee, even all the 173chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
172Or, the shades Hb. Rephaim14:10 All they shall answer and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we? art thou become like unto us?
173Hb. he-goats Cf. Da 8:21
14:11 Thy pomp is brought down to Sheol, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and scarlet worms cover thee.
14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O day-star, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, that didst lay low the nations!
14:13 And thou saidst in thy heart, I will ascend into the heavens, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will sit in the mount of meeting in the uttermost parts of the north;
14:14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.
14:15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to Sheol, to the uttermost parts of the pit.
14:16 They that see thee shall gaze at thee, they shall consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;
14:17 that made the world as a wilderness, and overthrew the cities thereof; that let not loose his prisoners to their home?
14:18 All the kings of the nations, all of them, sleep in glory, every one in his own house.
14:19 But thou art cast forth away from thy sepulchre like an abominable branch, 174clothed with the slain, that are thrust through with the sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a dead body trodden under foot.
174Or, as the raiment of those that are slain,14:20 Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed thy land, thou hast slain thy people; the seed of evil-doers shall not be named for ever.
14:21 Prepare ye 175slaughter for his children for the iniquity of their fathers, that they rise not up, and possess the earth, and fill the face of the world with cities.
175Or, a place of slaughter14:22 And I will rise up against them, saith Jehovah of hosts, and cut off from Babylon name and remnant, and son and son’s son, saith Jehovah.
14:23 I will also make it a possession for the porcupine, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the 176besom of destruction, saith Jehovah of hosts.
176That is, a broom, esp. with stiff bristles or twigs.14:24 Jehovah of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely, as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, so shall it stand:
14:25 that I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulder.
14:26 This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth; and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all the nations.
14:27 For Jehovah of hosts hath purposed, and who shall annul it? and his hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?
14:28 In the year that king Ahaz died was this 177burden.
177Or, oracle.14:29 Rejoice not, O Philistia, all of thee, because the rod that smote thee is broken; for out of the serpent’s root shall come forth an adder, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent.
14:30 And the firstborn of the poor shall feed, and the needy shall lie down in safety; and I will kill thy root with famine, and thy remnant shall be slain.
14:31 Howl, O gate; cry, O city; thou art melted away, O Philistia, all of thee; for there cometh a smoke out of the north, and 178there is no straggler in his ranks.
178Or, none standeth aloof at his appointed times.14:32 What then shall one answer the messengers of the nation? That Jehovah hath founded Zion, and in her shall the afflicted of his people take refuge.
15:1 The 179burden of Moab. For 180in a night Ar of Moab is laid waste, and brought to nought; for in a night Kir of Moab is laid waste, and brought to nought.
179Or, oracle concerning Moab.15:2 181They are gone up to 182Bayith, and to Dibon, to the high places, to weep: Moab waileth 183over Nebo, and over Medeba; on all their heads is baldness, every beard is cut off.
180Or, in the night (both times)
181Or, Bayith and Dibon are gone up to the high places to weep:15:3 In their streets they gird themselves with sackcloth; on their housetops, and in their broad places, every one waileth, weeping abundantly.
182Or, the temple
183Or, upon Nebo, and upon Medeba;
15:4 And Heshbon crieth out, and Elealeh; their voice is heard even unto Jahaz: therefore the armed men of Moab cry aloud; his soul trembleth within him.
15:5 My heart crieth out for Moab; her 184nobles flee unto Zoar, 185to Eglath-shelishiyah: for by the ascent of Luhith with weeping they go up; for in the way of 186Horonaim they raise up a cry of destruction.
184Or with different points (vowels), fugitives15:6 For the waters of Nimrim shall be 187desolate; for the grass is withered away, the tender grass faileth, there is no green thing.
185Or, as a heifer three years old: Cf. ch. 16:14.
186Meaning two caverns.
187Hb. desolations;15:7 Therefore the abundance they have gotten, and that which they have laid up, shall they carry away over the brook of the willows.
15:8 For the cry is gone round about the borders of Moab; the wailing thereof unto Eglaim, and the wailing thereof unto Beer-elim.
15:9 For the waters of 188Dimon are full of blood; for I will bring yet more upon Dimon, a lion upon them of Moab that escape, and upon the remnant of the land.
1881QIsaa reads Dibon (both times)[Isa 16]
16:1 Send ye the lambs for the ruler of the land from 189Sela to the wilderness, unto the mount of the daughter of Zion.
189Or, Petra Lamsa says, the rock city16:2 For it shall be that, as wandering birds, as a scattered nest, so shall the daughters of Moab be at the fords of the Arnon.
16:3 Give counsel, execute justice; make thy shade as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; betray not the fugitive.
16:4 Let mine outcasts dwell with thee; as for Moab, be thou a covert to him from the face of the destroyer. For 190the extortioner is brought to nought, destruction ceaseth, 191the oppressors are consumed out of the land.
190Or, extortion is brought to nought,16:5 And a throne shall be established in lovingkindness; and one shall sit thereon in truth, in the tent of David, judging, and seeking justice, and swift to do righteousness.
191Hb. the treaders down are consumed
16:6 We have heard of the pride of Moab, that he is very proud; even of his arrogancy, and his pride, and his wrath; his boastings are nought.
16:7 Therefore shall Moab wail for Moab, every one shall wail: for the 192raisin-cakes of Kir-hareseth shall ye mourn utterly stricken.
192Or, foundations16:8 For the fields of Heshbon languish, and the vine of Sibmah; 193the lords of the nations have broken down the choice branches thereof, which reached even unto Jazer, which wandered into the wilderness; its shoots were spread abroad, they passed over the sea.
193Or, its choice plants did break down the lords of nations,16:9 Therefore I will weep with the weeping of Jazer for the vine of Sibmah; I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for upon thy summer fruits and upon thy harvest the battle shout is fallen.
16:10 And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the fruitful field; and in the vineyards there shall be no singing, neither joyful noise: no treader shall tread out wine in the presses; I have made the vintage shout to cease.
16:11 Wherefore my heart soundeth like a harp for Moab, and mine inward parts for Kir-heres.
16:12 And it shall come to pass, when Moab presenteth himself, when he wearieth himself upon the high place, and shall come to his sanctuary to pray, that he shall not prevail.
16:13 This is the word that Jehovah spake concerning Moab in time past.
16:14 But now Jehovah hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of a hireling, the glory of Moab shall be brought into contempt, with all his great multitude; and the remnant shall be very small and of no account.
17:1 The 194burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.
194Or, oracle concerning Damascus.17:2 The cities of Aroer are forsaken; they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make them afraid.
17:3 And the fortress shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom 195from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria; they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith Jehovah of hosts.
195Or, from Damascus; and the remnant of Syria shall17:4 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the glory of Jacob shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall wax lean.
17:5 And it shall be as when the harvestman gathereth the standing grain, and his arm reapeth the ears; yes, it shall be as when one gleaneth ears in the valley of Rephaim.
17:6 Yet there shall be left therein gleanings, as the 196shaking of an olive-tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost branches of a fruitful tree, saith Jehovah, the God of Israel.
196Hb. beating17:7 In that day shall men look unto their Maker, and their eyes shall have respect to the Holy One of Israel.
17:8 And they shall not look to the altars, the work of their hands; neither shall they have respect to that which their fingers have made, either the Asherim, or the sun-images.
17:9 In that day shall their strong cities be as the forsaken places in the wood and on the mountain top, which were forsaken from before the children of Israel; and it shall be a desolation.
17:10 For thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy 197strength; therefore thou plantest pleasant plants, and settest it with 198strange slips:
197Or, stronghold;17:11 in the day of thy planting thou hedgest it in, and in the morning thou makest thy seed to blossom; but the harvest 199fleeth away in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow.
198Or, vine slips of a strange god;
199Or, shall be a heap in the day of grief etc.17:12 Ah, the 200uproar of many peoples, that roar like the roaring of the seas; and the rushing of nations, that rush like the rushing of mighty waters!
200Or, multitude17:13 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but he shall rebuke 201them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like the whirling dust before the storm.
201Hb. him, and he shall flee far off,17:14 Towards eventide behold, terror; and before the morning 202they are not. This is the portion of them that despoil us, and the lot of them that rob us.
202Hb. he is not.[Isa 18]
18:1 Ah, the land 203of the rustling of wings, which is beyond the rivers of 204Ethiopia;
203Or, shadowing with wings,18:2 that sendeth ambassadors by the sea, 205even in vessels of papyrus upon the waters, saying, Go, ye swift messengers, to a nation 206tall and smooth, to a people terrible from their beginning onward, a nation 207that meteth out and treadeth down, whose land the rivers 208divide!
204Hb. Cush; See note on Ge 10:7-8.
205Or, and18:3 All ye inhabitants of the world, and ye dwellers on the earth, when an ensign is lifted up on the mountains, see ye; and when the trumpet is blown, hear ye.
206Or, dragged away and peeled, And in vs. 7.
207Or, meted out and trodden down, Hb. of line, line, and of treading down,
208Or, have despoiled!
18:4 For thus hath Jehovah said unto me, I will be still, and I will behold in my dwelling-place, 209like clear heat in sunshine, like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest.
209Or, when there is heat in sunshine,18:5 For before the harvest, when the blossom is over, and the flower becometh a ripening grape, he will cut off the sprigs with pruning-hooks, and the spreading branches will he take away and cut down.
18:6 They shall be left together unto the ravenous birds of the mountains, and to the beasts of the earth; and the ravenous birds shall summer upon them, and all the beasts of the earth shall winter upon them.
18:7 In that time shall a present be brought unto Jehovah of hosts from a people tall and smooth, even from a people terrible from their beginning onward, a nation that meteth out and treadeth down, whose land the rivers divide, to the place of the name of Jehovah of hosts, the mount Zion.
19:1 The 210burden of Egypt. Behold, Jehovah rideth upon a swift cloud, and cometh unto Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall tremble at his presence; and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.
210Or, oracle concerning Egypt.19:2 And I will 211stir up the Egyptians against the Egyptians: and they shall fight every one against his brother, and every one against his neighbor; city against city, and kingdom against kingdom.
211Or, join together or, arm19:3 And the spirit of Egypt shall 212fail in the midst of it; and I will 213destroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek unto the idols, and to the 214charmers, and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards.
212Hb. be emptied in the midst of it;19:4 And I will 215give over the Egyptians into the hand of a cruel lord; and a fierce king shall rule over them, saith the Lord, Jehovah of hosts.
213Hb. swallow up the counsel thereof:
215Or, shut up the Egyptians19:5 And the waters shall fail from the sea, and the river shall be wasted and become dry.
19:6 And the rivers shall become foul; the 216streams of 217Egypt shall be diminished and dried up; the reeds and flags shall wither away.
216Or, canals19:7 The meadows by the Nile, by the brink of the Nile, and all the sown fields of the Nile, shall become dry, be driven away, and be no more.
217Hb. Mazor (not the usual Mizraim, two Egypts)
19:8 And the fishers shall lament, and all they that cast angle into the Nile shall mourn, and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish.
19:9 Moreover they that work in combed flax, and they that weave 218white cloth, shall be confounded.
218Or, cotton19:10 And 219the 220pillars of Egypt shall be broken in pieces; all they 221that work for hire shall be grieved of soul.
219Hb. her pillars19:11 The princes of Zoan are utterly foolish; the counsel of the wisest counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish: how say ye unto Pharaoh, I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
221Or, that make dams shall be grieved in soul.
19:12 Where then are thy wise men? and let them tell thee now; and let them know what Jehovah of hosts hath purposed concerning Egypt.
19:13 The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Memphis are deceived; they have caused Egypt to go astray, that are the corner-stone of her tribes.
19:14 Jehovah hath mingled a spirit of perverseness in the midst of her; and they have caused Egypt to go astray in every work thereof, as a drunken man 222staggereth in his vomit.
222Or, goeth astray in19:15 Neither shall there be for Egypt any work, which head or tail, palm-branch or rush, may do.
19:16 In that day shall Egyptians be like unto women; and they shall tremble and fear because of the shaking of the hand of Jehovah of hosts, which he shaketh over them.
19:17 And the land of Judah shall become a terror unto Egypt; 223every one to whom mention is made thereof shall be afraid, because of the purpose of Jehovah of hosts, which he purposeth against it.
223Or, every one that maketh mention thereof, to him shall they turn in fear,19:18 In that day there shall be five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan, and swear to Jehovah of hosts; one shall be called The city of 224the sun.
224Hb. ha cheres. So 1QIsaa 4QIsab Hbmg Vg. GkSymm. Massoretic (=Hbtxt) Aram. read the destruction. or, ha Heres. Sept. reads the righteousness.19:19 In that day shall there be an altar to Jehovah in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to Jehovah.
19:20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto Jehovah of hosts in the land of Egypt; for they shall cry unto Jehovah because of oppressors, and he will send them a saviour, and 225a defender, and he will deliver them.
225Or, a mighty one,19:21 And Jehovah shall 226be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know Jehovah in that day; yes, they shall worship with sacrifice and oblation, and shall vow a vow unto Jehovah, and shall perform it.
226Or, make himself known to Egypt,19:22 And Jehovah will smite Egypt, smiting and healing; and they shall return unto Jehovah, and he will be entreated of them, and will heal them.
19:23 In that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria; and the Egyptians shall worship with the Assyrians.
19:24 In that day shall Israel be a third with Egypt and with Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth;
19:25 for that Jehovah of hosts hath blessed them, saying, Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance.
20:1 In the year that 227Tartan came unto Ashdod, when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him, and he fought against Ashdod and took it;
227The title of the Assyrian commander-in-chief.20:2 at that time Jehovah spake by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, Go, and loose the sackcloth from off thy loins, and put thy shoe from off thy foot. And he did so, walking naked and barefoot.
20:3 And Jehovah said, Like as my servant Isaiah hath walked naked and barefoot 228three years for a sign and a wonder concerning Egypt and concerning 229Ethiopia;
228Or, to be for three years a sign and a wonder etc.20:4 so shall the king of Assyria lead away the captives of Egypt, and the exiles of Ethiopia, young and old, naked and barefoot, and with buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.
229Hb. Cush; And in vss. 4, 5.
20:5 And they shall be dismayed and confounded, because of Ethiopia their expectation, and of Egypt their glory.
20:6 And the inhabitant of this coastland shall say in that day, Behold, such is our expectation, whither we fled for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria: and we, how shall we escape?
21:1 The 230burden of the wilderness of the sea. As whirlwinds in the South sweep through, it cometh from the wilderness, from a terrifying land.
230Or, oracle concerning the wilderness of the sea.21:2 A 231grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous man dealeth treacherously, and the destroyer destroyeth. Go up, O Elam; besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof 232have I made to cease.
231Or, hard vision21:3 Therefore are my loins filled with anguish; pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman in travail: I am 233pained so that I cannot hear; I am dismayed so that I cannot see.
232Or, will I make to cease.
233Hb. bent21:4 My heart 234fluttereth, horror hath affrighted me; the twilight that I desired hath been turned into trembling unto me.
234Hb. wandereth21:5 They prepare the table, they 235set the watch, they eat, they drink: rise up, ye princes, anoint the shield.
235Or, spread the carpets,21:6 For thus hath 236Jehovah said unto me, Go, set a watchman; and let him declare what he seeth:
236Sopherim changed to the Lord Similarly in vs. 8.21:7 237and when he seeth 238a troop, 239horesemen in pairs, a troop of asses, a troop of camels, he shall hearken diligently with much heed.
237Or, and he saw a troop, ...and he harkened diligently21:8 And he cried as 240a lion: O Jehovah, I stand continually upon the watchtower in the daytime, and am set in my ward 241whole nights;
238Or, a chariot or, chariots (three times)
239Or, a pair of horsemen, Also in vs. 9.
240So Massoretic (Vg). 1QIsaa Aram read a lookout: Sept. reads Uriah:21:9 and, behold, here 242cometh a troop of men, horsemen in pairs. And he answered and said, Fallen, fallen is Babylon; and all the graven images of her gods are broken unto the ground.
241Or, every night;
242Or, come chariots of men,21:10 O thou my threshing, and the 243grain of my floor! that which I have heard from Jehovah of hosts, the God of Israel, have I declared unto you.
243Hb. son21:11 The 244burden of 245Dumah. One calleth unto me out of Seir, Watchman, 246what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?
244Or, oracle concerning Also in vs. 13.21:12 The watchman said, The morning 247cometh, and also the night: if ye will inquire, inquire ye: 248turn ye, come.
245Meaning, silence. So Massoretic 1QIsaa Aram., Vg. Some Massoretic mss., Sept. read Edom.
246Or, what hour of the night? (both times)
247Or, is come,21:13 The burden upon Arabia. In the 249forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye caravans of Dedanites.
248Or, come ye again.
249Or, thickets21:14 Unto him that 250was thirsty they brought water; 251the inhabitants of the land of Tema did meet the fugitive with his bread.
250Or, is thirsty bring ye water;21:15 For they fled away from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war.
251Or, ye inhabitants of the land of Tema, meet
21:16 For thus hath 252Jehovah said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of a hireling, all the glory of Kedar shall fail;
252Sopherim changed to the Lord21:17 and the residue of the number of the archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be few; for Jehovah, the God of Israel, hath spoken it.
22:1 The 253burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly 254gone up to the housetops?
253Or, oracle concerning the valley of vision.22:2 O thou that art full of shoutings, a tumultuous city, a joyous town; thy slain are not slain with the sword, neither are they dead in battle.
254That is, a means of showing surrender.
22:3 All thy rulers fled away together, they were bound 255by the archers; all that were found of thee were bound together; 256they fled afar off.
255Or, without the bow;22:4 Therefore said I, Look away from me, I will weep bitterly; 257labor not to comfort me for the destruction of the daughter of my people.
256Or, that had fled from far.
257Or, hasten22:5 For it is a day of discomfiture, and of treading down, and of perplexity, from the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, in the valley of vision; a breaking down of the walls, and a crying to the 258mountains.
258Or, mountain.22:6 And Elam bare the quiver, with 259chariots of men and horsemen; and Kir uncovered the shield.
259Or, troops22:7 And it came to pass, that thy choicest valleys were full of chariots, and the horsemen set themselves in array at the gate.
22:8 And he took away the covering of Judah; and thou didst look in that day to the armor in the house of the forest.
22:9 And ye saw the breaches of the city of David, that they were many; and ye gathered together the waters of the lower pool.
22:10 And ye numbered the houses of Jerusalem, and ye brake down the houses to fortify the wall.
22:11 Ye made also a reservoir between the two walls for the water of the old pool: but ye looked not unto 260him that had done this, neither had ye respect unto him that purposed it long ago.
260Or, the maker thereof,22:12 And in that day did the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:
22:13 and behold, joy and gladness, slaying oxen and killing sheep, eating flesh and drinking wine: let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we shall die.
22:14 And Jehovah of hosts revealed himself in mine ears, Surely this iniquity shall not be 261forgiven you till ye die, saith the Lord, Jehovah of hosts.
261Or, expiated by you till ye die,22:15 Thus saith the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, Go, get thee unto this 262treasurer, even unto Shebna, who is over the house, and say,
262Or, steward,22:16 What doest thou here? and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out here a sepulchre? hewing him out a sepulchre on high, graving a habitation for himself in the rock!
22:17 Behold, Jehovah, 263like a strong man, will hurl thee away violently; yes, he will 264lay fast hold on thee.
263Or, O thou strong man,22:18 He will surely wind thee round and round, and toss thee like a ball into a large country; there shalt thou die, and there shall be the chariots of thy glory, thou shame of thy lord’s house.
264Or, wrap thee up closely. Hb. grasping, grasps
22:19 And I will thrust thee from thine office; and from thy station shalt thou be pulled down.
22:20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah:
22:21 and I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand; and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.
22:22 And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; and he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.
22:23 And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a throne of glory to his father’s house.
22:24 And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring and the issue, every small vessel, from the cups even to all the flagons.
22:25 In that day, saith Jehovah of hosts, shall the nail that was fastened in a sure place give way; and it shall be hewn down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off; for Jehovah hath spoken it.
23:1 The 265burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Kittim it is revealed to them.
265Or, oracle concerning Tyre. Cf. Tiras in Ge 10:2.23:2 Be still, ye inhabitants of the coast, 266ye merchants of Sidon, whose messengers passed over the sea.
266So 1QIsaa 4QIsaa Sept. Aram., Vg. Massoretic reads thou whom the merchants of Sidon, that pass over the sea, have replenished.23:3 And on great waters the seed of the Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; and she was the mart of nations.
23:4 Be thou ashamed, O Sidon; for the sea hath spoken, the stronghold of the sea, saying, I have not travailed, nor brought forth, neither have I nourished young men, nor brought up virgins.
23:5 267When the report cometh to Egypt, they shall be sorely pained at the report of Tyre.
267Or, As at the report concerning Egypt, so they etc.23:6 Pass ye over to Tarshish; wail, ye inhabitants of the coast.
23:7 Is this your joyous city, whose antiquity is 268of ancient days, whose feet carried her afar off to sojourn?
268Or, of ancient days? her own feet shall carry her23:8 Who hath purposed this against Tyre, the bestower of crowns, whose merchants are princes, whose traffickers are the honorable of the earth?
23:9 Jehovah of hosts hath purposed it, to 269stain the pride of all glory, to bring into contempt all the honorable of the earth.
269Hb. profane So Massoretic, Vg. 1QIsaa Sept. read profane all the pride of glory,23:10 270Pass through thy land as the Nile, O daughter of Tarshish; there is no 271restraint any more.
270Or, Overflow23:11 He hath stretched out his hand over the sea, he hath shaken the kingdoms: Jehovah hath given commandment concerning 272Canaan, to destroy the strongholds thereof.
272Or, the merchant people,23:12 And he said, Thou shalt no more rejoice, O thou oppressed virgin daughter of Sidon: arise, pass over to Kittim; even there shalt thou have no rest.
23:13 Behold, the land of the Chaldeans: 273this people 274is not; the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness; they set up 275their towers; they 276overthrew the palaces thereof; they made it a ruin.
273Or, This people is no more; the Assyrian hath appointed it for the beasts of the wilderness.23:14 Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for your stronghold is laid waste.
274That is, lost its sovereignty;
275Or, the towers thereof; or, their siege towers;
276Or, raised up the palaces thereof;
23:15 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Tyre shall be forgotten seventy years, according to the days of one king: after the end of seventy years 277it shall be unto Tyre as in the song of the harlot.
277Or, shall Tyre sing as a harlot.23:16 Take a harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast been forgotten; make sweet melody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be remembered.
23:17 And it shall come to pass after the end of seventy years, that Jehovah will visit Tyre, and she shall return to her hire, and shall play the harlot with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth.
23:18 And her merchandise and her hire shall be 278holiness to Jehovah: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before Jehovah, to eat sufficiently, and for 279durable clothing.
278Or, holy or, hallowed or, sanctified[Isa 24]
24:1 Behold, Jehovah maketh the 280earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.
280Or, land (and so in vss. 3, 4, etc.)24:2 And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the creditor, so with the debtor; as with the taker of interest, so with the giver of interest to him.
24:3 The earth shall be utterly emptied, and utterly laid waste; for Jehovah hath spoken this word.
24:4 The earth mourneth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, 281the lofty people of the earth do languish.
281Or, the high ones of the people of the earth24:5 The earth also is polluted under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, violated the statutes, broken the everlasting covenant.
24:6 Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are found guilty: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.
24:7 The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh.
24:8 The mirth of 282tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth.
282A small drum or tambourine, to accompany dancing.24:9 They shall not drink wine with a song; strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it.
24:10 The waste city is broken down; every house is shut up, that no man may come in.
24:11 There is a crying in the streets because of the wine; all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is 283gone.
283Hb. gone into captivity.24:12 In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.
24:13 For thus shall it be in the midst of the earth among the peoples, as the 284shaking of an olive-tree, as the gleanings when the vintage is done.
284Hb. beating24:14 These shall lift up their voice, they shall shout; for the majesty of Jehovah they cry aloud from the sea.
24:15 Wherefore glorify ye Jehovah in the 285east, even the name of Jehovah, the God of Israel, in the 286coastlands of the sea.
285Or, lights, or, fires,24:16 From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs: Glory to the righteous. But I said, 287I pine away, I pine away, woe is me! the treacherous have dealt treacherously; yes, the treacherous have dealt very treacherously.
286Or, isles of the sea.
287Hb. Leanness to me, (twice)24:17 Fear, and the pit, and the snare, are upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth.
24:18 And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows on high are opened, and the foundations of the earth tremble.
24:19 The earth is utterly broken, the earth is rent asunder, the earth is shaken violently.
24:20 The earth shall stagger like a drunken man, and shall sway to and fro like a hammock; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it, and it shall fall, and not rise again.
24:21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Jehovah will 288punish the host of the 289high ones on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.
288Hb. visit upon the host24:22 And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the 290pit, and shall be shut up in the prison; and after many days shall they be 291visited.
289Hb. height on high, or, ...in heaven,
290Or, dungeon24:23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed; for Jehovah of hosts will reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem; and before his elders shall be glory.
25:1 O Jehovah, thou art my God; I will exalt thee, I will praise thy name; for thou hast done wonderful things, even counsels of old, in faithfulness and truth.
25:2 For thou hast made of a city a heap, of a fortified city a ruin, a palace of strangers to be no city; it shall never be rebuilt.
25:3 Therefore shall a strong people glorify thee; a city of terrifying nations shall fear thee.
25:4 For thou hast been a stronghold to the poor, a stronghold to the needy in his distress, as refuge from the storm, a shade from the heat, when the blast of the terrifying ones is as a storm against the wall.
25:5 As the heat in a dry place wilt thou bring down the noise of strangers; as the heat by the shade of a cloud, the song of the terrifying ones shall be brought low.
25:6 And in this mountain will Jehovah of hosts make unto all peoples a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.
25:7 And he will 292destroy in this mountain the face of the covering that covereth all peoples, and the veil that is spread over all nations.
292Hb. swallow up25:8 He hath swallowed up death for ever; and the Lord Jehovah will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the reproach of his people will he take away from off all the earth: for Jehovah hath spoken it.
25:9 And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is Jehovah; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation.
25:10 For in this mountain will the hand of Jehovah rest; and Moab shall be trodden down in his place, even as straw is trodden down 293in the water of the dunghill.
293Hbmg reads in the dunghill.25:11 And he shall spread forth his hands in the midst 294thereof, as he that swimmeth spreadeth forth his hands to swim; but Jehovah will lay low 295his pride 296together with the craft of his hands.
294Or, of them,25:12 And the high fortress of thy walls 297hath he brought down, laid low, and brought to the ground, even to the dust.
295Or, their pride... their hands.
296Or, for all the craft
297Or, will he bring down, lay low, and bring to[Isa 26]
26:1 In that day shall this song be sung in the land of Judah: We have a strong city; salvation will he appoint for walls and bulwarks.
26:2 Open ye the gates, that the righteous nation which keepeth faith may enter in.
26:3 298Thou wilt keep him 299in perfect peace, whose 300mind is stayed on thee; because 301he trusteth in thee.
298Or, A stedfast mind thou keepest in perfect peace, because it is stayed on thee.26:4 Trust ye in Jehovah for ever; for in 302Jehovah, even Jehovah, is 303an everlasting rock.
299Hb. peace, peace,
301So Massoretic 4QIsac Aram. (Vg.). 1QIsab,a Sept. read he is in thee.
302Hb. Jah,26:5 For he hath brought down them that dwell on high, the lofty city: he layeth it low, he layeth it low even to the ground; he bringeth it even to the dust.
303Or, a rock of ages. Or, everlasting strength.
26:6 The foot shall tread it down; even the feet of the poor, and the steps of the needy.
26:7 The way of the just is 304uprightness: thou that art upright dost 305direct the path of the just.
304Or, a right way; the path of the just thou directest aright.26:8 Yes, in the way of thy judgments, O Jehovah, have we waited for thee; to thy name, even to thy memorial name, is the desire of our soul.
26:9 With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yes, with my spirit within me will I seek thee earnestly: for when thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world learn righteousness.
26:10 Let favor be showed to the wicked, yet will he not learn righteousness; in the land of uprightness will he deal wrongfully, and will not behold the majesty of Jehovah.
26:11 Jehovah, thy hand is lifted up, yet they see not: but they shall see 306thy zeal for the people, and be put to shame; yes, 307the fire of thine adversaries shall devour them.
306Or, and be put to shame, in their envy at the people;26:12 Jehovah, thou wilt ordain peace for us; for thou hast also wrought all our works for us.
307Or perhaps, fire shall devour thine adversaries.
26:13 O Jehovah our God, other lords besides thee have had dominion over us; but by thee only will we make mention of thy name.
26:14 308They are dead, they shall not live; they are 309deceased, they shall not arise: therefore hast thou visited and destroyed them, and made all remembrance of them to perish.
308Or, The dead live not, the deceased rise not: Cf. ch. 14:21, Ge 4:8.26:15 Thou hast increased the nation, O Jehovah, thou hast increased the nation; thou art glorified; 310thou hast enlarged all the borders of the land.
309Or, shades, Hb. Rephaim
310Or, thou hadst removed it far unto all the ends of the earth26:16 Jehovah, in trouble have they 311visited thee; they poured out a 312prayer when thy chastening was upon them.
311Or, looked for thee;26:17 Like as a woman with child, that draweth near the time of her delivery, is in pain and crieth out in her pangs; so have we been 313before thee, O Jehovah.
313Or, at thy presence, or, from thy face,26:18 We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth wind; we have not wrought any deliverance in the earth; 314neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen.
314Or, neither have inhabitants of the world been born.26:19 Thy dead shall live; my dead bodies shall arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in the dust; for thy dew is as the dew of 315herbs, and the earth shall cast forth 316the dead.
315Or, lights,26:20 Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thy self for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast.
316Or, the shades. Hb. Rephaim.
26:21 For, behold, Jehovah cometh forth out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.
27:1 In that day Jehovah with his hard and great and strong sword will punish leviathan the 317swift serpent, 318even leviathan the 319crooked serpent; and he will slay the monster that is in the sea.
317Or, gliding or, fleeing27:2 In that day: A vineyard of wine, sing ye 320unto it.
318Or, and (could imply one, two, or three beings)
320Or, of it.27:3 I Jehovah am its keeper; I will water it every moment: lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.
27:4 Wrath is not in me: would that the briers and thorns were against me in battle! I would march upon them, I would burn them together.
27:5 Or else let him take hold of my strength, that he may make peace with me; yes, let him make peace with me.
27:6 321In days to come shall Jacob take root; Israel shall blossom and bud; and they shall fill the face of the world with fruit.
321Or, In the generations that come shall Jacob etc.27:7 Hath he smitten them as he smote those that smote them? or are they slain according to the slaughter 322of them that were slain by them?
322Or, of their slain27:8 323In measure, 324when thou sendest them away, thou dost contend with them; he hath removed them with his rough blast in the day of the east wind.
323ARV comments, The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain.27:9 Therefore by this shall the iniquity of Jacob be 325atoned, and this is all the fruit 326of taking away his sin: that he maketh all the stones of the altar as chalk-stones that are beaten in sunder, so that the Asherim and the sun-images shall rise no more.
324Or, by sending them away,
325Or, expiated, or, forgiven,27:10 For the fortified city is solitary, a habitation deserted and forsaken, like the wilderness: there shall the calf feed, and there shall he lie down, and consume the branches thereof.
326Or, to take away his sin:
27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off; the women shall come, and set them on fire; for it is a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have compassion upon them, and he that formed them will show them no favor.
27:12 And it shall come to pass in that day, that Jehovah will 327beat off his fruit from the flood of the River unto the brook of Egypt; and ye shall be 328gathered 329one by one, O ye children of Israel.
327Or, beat out his grain from the flood etc.27:13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great trumpet shall be blown; and they shall come that were 330ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and they that were outcasts in the land of Egypt; and they shall worship Jehovah in the holy mountain in Jerusalem.
329Or, one to another,
330Or, lost in the land of Assyria,[Isa 28]
28:1 Woe to the crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim, and to the fading flower of his glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley of them that are 331overcome with wine!
331Hb. smitten down with wine!28:2 Behold, 332Jehovah hath a mighty and strong one; as a tempest of hail, a destroying storm, as a tempest of mighty waters overflowing, will he cast down to the earth 333with the hand.
332Sopherim changed to the Lord28:3 The crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim shall be trodden under foot:
333Or, with violence.
28:4 and the fading flower of his glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be as the first-ripe fig before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.
28:5 In that day will Jehovah of hosts become a crown of glory, and a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people;
28:6 and a spirit of justice to him that sitteth in judgment, and strength to them that turn back the battle 334at the gate.
334Or, to28:7 And even these reel with wine, and stagger with strong drink; priest and prophet reel with strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they stagger with strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.
28:8 For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness, so that there is no place clean.
28:9 335Whom will he teach knowledge? and whom will he make to understand the 336message? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts?
335Or, Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand the message?28:10 For it is precept upon precept, precept upon precept; 337line upon line, line upon line; here a little, there a little.
336Or, report And in vs. 19.
337Or, rule (4 times) Also in vs. 13.28:11 338No, but by men of strange lips and with another tongue will he speak to this people;
338Or, For with stammering lips and with etc.28:12 to whom he said, This is the rest, give ye rest to him that is weary; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.
28:13 Therefore shall the word of Jehovah be unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, there a little; that they may go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
28:14 Wherefore hear the word of Jehovah, ye scoffers, that rule this people that is in Jerusalem:
28:15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with Sheol are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us; for we have made a lie our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:
28:16 therefore thus saith the Lord Jehovah, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-stone of sure foundation: he that believeth shall not be in haste.
28:17 And I will make justice the line, and righteousness the plummet; and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding-place.
28:18 And your covenant with death shall be annulled, and your agreement with Sheol shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.
28:19 As often as it passeth through, it shall take you; for morning by morning shall it pass through, by day and by night: and it shall be but terror to understand the message.
28:20 For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it; and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it.
28:21 For Jehovah will rise up as in mount Perazim, he will be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon; that he may do his work, his strange work, and bring to pass his act, his strange act.
28:22 Now therefore be ye not scoffers, lest your bonds be made strong; for 339a decree of destruction have I heard from the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, upon the whole 340earth.
339Hb. destruction, and that decreed, have I heard28:23 Give ye ear, and hear my voice; hearken, and hear my speech.
28:24 Doth he that ploweth to sow plow continually? doth he continually open and harrow his ground?
28:25 When he hath levelled the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the 341fitches, and scatter the cummin, and put in the wheat in rows, and the barley in the appointed place, and the spelt in the borders thereof?
341Or, black cummin [Nigella sativa]28:26 342For his God doth instruct him aright, and doth teach him.
342Or, And he traineth each of them aright; his God doth teach him.28:27 For the fitches are not threshed with a sharp threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.
28:28 343Bread grain is ground; for he will not be always threshing it: and though the wheel of his cart and his horses scatter it, he doth not grind it.
343Or, Is bread grain crushed? No, he will not ever be threshing it, and driving his cart wheels and his horses over it; he doth not crush it.28:29 This also cometh forth from Jehovah of hosts, who is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in 344wisdom.
344Or, effectual working.[Isa 29]
29:1 345Ho 346Ariel, Ariel, the city where David encamped! add ye year to year; let the feasts come round:
345Or, Woe to29:2 then will I distress Ariel, and there shall be mourning and lamentation; 347and she shall be unto me as Ariel.
346That is, Lion of God, or, Hearth of God, (twice) And so in vss. 2 (twice), 7.
347Or, yet29:3 And I will encamp against thee round about, and will lay siege against thee with posted troops, and I will raise siege works against thee.
29:4 And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust; and thy voice shall be as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall 348whisper out of the dust.
348Or, chirp29:5 But the multitude of thy 349foes shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones as chaff that passeth away: yes, it shall be in an instant suddenly.
349So 1QIsaa. But Massoretic reads strangers29:6 350She shall be visited of Jehovah of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with whirlwind and tempest, and the flame of a devouring fire.
350Or, There shall be a visitation from Jehovah etc.29:7 And the multitude of all the nations that fight against Ariel, even all that fight against her and her stronghold, and that distress her, shall be as a dream, a vision of the night.
29:8 And it shall be as when a hungry man dreameth, and, behold he eateth; but he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or as when a thirsty man dreameth, and, behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, he is faint, and his soul hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that fight against mount Zion.
29:9 351Stupefy yourselves and be stupid; 352blind yourselves and be blind: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.
351Or, Be ye amazed;29:10 For Jehovah hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed 353your eyes, the prophets; and your heads, the seers, hath he covered.
352Or, take your pleasure and be blind:
353Or, your eyes; the prophets, and your heads,29:11 And all vision is become unto you as the words of a 354book that is sealed, which men deliver to one that 355is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee; and he saith, I cannot, for it is sealed:
354Or, writing29:12 and the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee; and he saith, I am not learned.
355Hb. knoweth writing, or, knoweth letters,
29:13 And 356Jehovah said, Forasmuch as this people draw nigh unto me, and with their mouth and with their lips do honor me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their awe of me is a commandment of men which hath been 357taught them;
356Sopherim changed to the Lord29:14 therefore, behold, I will 358proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder; and the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.
357Or, learned by rote;
358Or, again do Hb. add to do29:15 Woe unto them that hide deep their counsel from Jehovah, and whose works are in the dark, and that say, Who seeth us? and who knoweth us?
29:16 359Ye turn things upside down! Shall the potter be esteemed as clay; that the thing made should say of him that made it, He made me not; or the thing formed say of him that formed it, He hath no understanding?
359Or, O your perversity!29:17 Is it not yet a very little while, and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field, and the fruitful field shall be esteemed as a forest?
29:18 And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of 360the book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity and out of darkness.
360Or, a book (or, writing)29:19 The meek also shall increase their joy in Jehovah, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.
29:20 For the terrible one is brought to nought, and the scoffer ceaseth, and all they that watch for iniquity are cut off;
29:21 that 361make a man an offender 362in his cause, and lay a snare for him that reproveth in the gate, and turn aside the just with a thing of nought.
361Or, make men to offend by their words,29:22 Therefore thus saith Jehovah, who redeemed Abraham, concerning the house of Jacob: Jacob shall not now be ashamed, neither shall his face now wax pale.
362Or, for a word, or, in word,
29:23 363But when he seeth his children, the work of my hands, in the midst of him, they shall sanctify my name; yes, they shall sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall stand in awe of the God of Israel.
363Or, But when his children see the work etc.29:24 They also that err in spirit 364shall come to understanding, and they that murmur shall receive instruction.
364Hb. shall know understanding,[Isa 30]
30:1 Woe to the rebellious children, saith Jehovah, that take counsel, but not of me; and that 365make a league, but not of my Spirit, that they may add sin to sin;
365Or, pour out a drink-offering,30:2 that set out to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to 366strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to take refuge in the shadow of Egypt!
366Or, flee to the stronghold of Pharaoh,30:3 Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the refuge in the shadow of Egypt your confusion.
30:4 For their princes are at Zoan, and their ambassadors are come to Hanes.
30:5 They shall all be ashamed because of a people that cannot profit them, that are not a help nor profit, but a shame and also a reproach.
30:6 The 367burden of the beasts of the South. Through the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the lioness and the lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the humps of camels, to a people that shall not profit them.
367Or, oracle concerning the beasts of the Negev.30:7 For Egypt helpeth in vain, and to no purpose: therefore have I 368called her Rahab that sitteth still.
368Or, cried concerning this, They are but arrogancy: be still.30:8 Now go, write it before them on a tablet, and inscribe it in a book, that it may be for the time to come 369for ever and ever.
369Hbmg reads for a witness for ever.30:9 For it is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the 370law of Jehovah;
370Or, teaching30:10 that say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets, Prophesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits,
30:11 get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us.
30:12 Wherefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel, Because ye despise this word, and trust in oppression and perverseness, and rely thereon;
30:13 therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly in an instant.
30:14 And he shall break it as a potter’s vessel is broken, breaking it in pieces without sparing; so that there shall not be found among the pieces thereof a sherd wherewith to take fire from the hearth, or to dip up water out of the cistern.
30:15 For thus said the Lord Jehovah, the Holy One of Israel, In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not.
30:16 But ye said, No, for we will flee upon horses; therefore shall ye flee: and, We will ride upon the swift; therefore shall they that pursue you be swift.
30:17 One thousand shall flee at the threat of one; at the threat of five shall ye flee: till ye be left as 371a beacon upon the top of 372a mountain, and as an ensign on a hill.
371Or, a pole30:18 And therefore will Jehovah wait, that he may be gracious unto you; and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for Jehovah is a God of justice; blessed are all they that wait for him.
372So 1QIsaa Sept., Aram. Massoretic reads the
30:19 373For the people shall dwell in Zion at Jerusalem; thou shalt weep no more; he will surely be gracious unto thee at the voice of thy cry; when he shall hear, he will answer thee.
373Or, O people that dwellest in Zion at Jerusalem,30:20 374And though 375Jehovah give you the bread of adversity and the water of affliction, yet shall not thy 376teachers 377be hidden any more, but thine eyes shall see thy teachers;
374Or, And then will Jehovah give you bread in adversity and water in affliction; and thy teachers shall not be hidden any more,30:21 and thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This is the way, walk ye in it; when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left.
375Sopherim changed to the Lord
376Or, teacher (both times, per Massoretic, Vg.)
377Or, hide themselves (or, himself) any more,
30:22 And ye shall defile the overlaying of thy graven images of silver, and the plating of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt 378cast them away as an 379unclean thing; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.
378Hb. scatter30:23 And he will give the rain for thy seed, wherewith thou shalt sow the ground; and bread of the increase of the ground, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.
30:24 The oxen likewise and the young asses that till the ground shall eat 380savory provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fork.
380Hb. salted30:25 And there shall be upon every lofty mountain, and upon every high hill, streams and flash floods, in a day of great slaughter, when the towers fall.
30:26 Moreover, the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that Jehovah bindeth up the hurt of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound.
30:27 Behold, the name of Jehovah cometh from far, burning with his anger, and in thick rising smoke: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue is as a devouring fire;
30:28 and his breath is as an overflowing stream, that reacheth even unto the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of destruction: and a bridle that causeth to err shall be in the jaws of the peoples.
30:29 Ye shall have a song as in the night 381when a holy feast is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come unto the mountain of Jehovah, to the Rock of Israel.
381Lit. when a feast is hallowed; or, ...is sanctified;30:30 And Jehovah will cause his glorious voice to be heard, and will show the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and the flame of a devouring fire, with a blast, and tempest, and hailstones.
30:31 For through the voice of Jehovah shall the Assyrian be dismayed; with his rod will he smite him.
30:32 And every 382stroke of the 383appointed staff, which Jehovah shall lay upon him, shall be with the sound of tabrets and harps; and in battles with the brandishing of his arm will he fight with them.
382Hb. passing30:33 For a Topheth is prepared of old; yes, for the king it is made ready; he hath made it deep and large; the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of Jehovah, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
383Or, staff of doom, Hb. foundation staff,
31:1 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help, and rely on horses, and trust in chariots because they are many, and in horsemen because they are very strong, but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek Jehovah!
31:2 Yet he also is wise, and will bring evil, and will not call back his words, but will arise against the house of the evil-doers, and against the help of them that work iniquity.
31:3 Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit: and when Jehovah shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall stumble, and he that is helped shall fall, and they all shall be consumed together.
31:4 For thus saith Jehovah unto me, As the lion and the young lion growling over his prey, if a multitude of shepherds be called forth against him, will not be dismayed at their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so will Jehovah of hosts come down to fight upon mount Zion, and upon the hill thereof.
31:5 As birds hovering, so will Jehovah of hosts protect Jerusalem; he will protect and deliver it, he will pass over and preserve it.
31:6 Turn ye unto him 384from whom 385ye have deeply revolted, O children of Israel.
384Or, from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted.31:7 For in that day they shall cast away every man his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made unto you for a sin.
31:8 And the Assyrian shall fall by the sword, not of man; and the sword, not of men, shall devour him; and he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall become subject to taskwork.
31:9 And his rock shall pass away by reason of terror, and his princes shall be dismayed at the ensign, saith Jehovah, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.
32:1 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in justice.
32:2 And a man shall be as a hiding-place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest, as streams of water in a dry place, as the shade of a great rock in a weary land.
32:3 And the eyes of them that see shall not be 386dim, and the ears of them that hear shall hearken.
386Or, closed,32:4 And the heart of the 387rash shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly.
387Hb. hasty32:5 The fool shall be no more called noble, nor the 388churl said to be bountiful.
388Or, crafty32:6 For the fool will speak folly, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise profaneness, and to utter error against Jehovah, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and to cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.
32:7 And the instruments of the churl are evil: he deviseth wicked devices to destroy the 389meek with lying words, even when the needy speaketh right.
389Or, poor32:8 But the noble deviseth noble things; and 390in noble things shall he continue.
390Or, by liberal things shall he stand.32:9 Rise up, ye women that are at ease, and hear my voice; ye 391careless daughters, give ear unto my speech.
391Hb. confident32:10 392For days beyond a year shall ye be troubled, ye careless women; for the vintage shall fail, the ingathering shall not come.
392Or, After a year and days Hb. Days above a year32:11 Tremble, ye women that are at ease; be troubled, ye careless ones; strip you, and make you bare, and 393gird sackcloth upon your loins.
393Or, put a girdle upon your loins.32:12 They shall smite upon the breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine.
32:13 Upon the land of my people shall come up thorns and briers; yes, upon all the houses of joy in the joyous city:
32:14 for the palace shall be forsaken; the populous city shall be deserted; 394the hill and the watchtower shall be for dens for ever, a joy of wild asses, a pasture of flocks;
394Or, Ophel32:15 until the Spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness become a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be esteemed as a forest.
32:16 Then justice shall dwell in the wilderness; and righteousness shall abide in the fruitful field.
32:17 And the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness, quietness and confidence for ever.
32:18 And my people shall abide in a peaceable habitation, and in safe dwellings, and in quiet resting-places.
32:19 But it shall hail in the downfall of the forest; and the 395city shall be utterly laid low.
3951QIsaa almost alone reads wood32:20 Blessed are ye that sow beside all waters, that send forth the feet of the ox and the ass.
33:1 Woe to thee that destroyest, and thou wast not destroyed; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! When thou hast ceased to destroy, thou shalt be destroyed; and when thou hast made an end of dealing treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.
33:2 O Jehovah, be gracious unto us; we have waited for thee: be thou 396our arm every morning, our salvation also in the time of trouble.
396Hb. their33:3 At the noise of the tumult the peoples are fled; at the lifting up of thyself the nations are scattered.
33:4 And your spoil shall be gathered as the caterpillar gathereth: as locusts leap shall men leap upon it.
33:5 Jehovah is exalted; for he dwelleth on high: he hath filled Zion with justice and righteousness.
33:6 397And there shall be stability in thy times, abundance of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge: the awe of Jehovah is 398thy treasure.
397Or, And abundance of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times:33:7 Behold, their valiant ones cry without; the ambassadors of peace weep bitterly.
398Hb. his treasure.
33:8 The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: 399the enemy hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth not man.
399Hb. he33:9 The land mourneth and languisheth: Lebanon is confounded and withereth away; Sharon is like 400a desert; and Bashan and Carmel shake off their leaves.
400Or, the Arabah;33:10 Now will I arise, saith Jehovah; now will I lift up myself; now will I be exalted.
33:11 Ye shall conceive chaff, ye shall bring forth stubble: your breath is a fire that shall devour you.
33:12 And the peoples shall be as the burnings of lime, as thorns cut down, that are burned in the fire.
33:13 Hear, ye that are far off, what I have done: and, ye that are near, acknowledge my might.
33:14 The sinners in Zion are afraid; trembling hath seized the godless ones: Who among us can dwell with the devouring fire: who among us can dwell with everlasting burnings?
33:15 He that walketh righteously; and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of 401oppressions, that shaketh his hands from taking a bribe, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from looking upon evil:
401Or, fraud,33:16 he shall dwell on high; his place of defence shall be the munitions of rocks; his bread shall be given him; his waters shall be sure.
33:17 Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold 402a land that reacheth afar.
402Or, a land that is very far off. Hb. a land of far distances.33:18 Thy heart shall muse on the terror: Where is 403he that counted, where is he that weighed the tribute? where is he that counted the towers?
403Or, the scribe,33:19 Thou shalt not see the fierce people, a people of a deep speech that thou canst not comprehend, of a 404strange tongue that thou canst not understand.
404Or, stammering [perhaps one rich in participial phrases, such as Greek]33:20 Look upon Zion, the city of our 405solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tent that shall not be removed, the stakes whereof shall never be plucked up, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken.
405Or, set feasts:33:21 But there Jehovah will be with us in majesty, 406a place of broad rivers and streams, wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby.
406Or, but in the place of broad rivers and streams there shall go no galley with oars,33:22 For Jehovah is our judge, Jehovah is our lawgiver, Jehovah is our king; he will save us.
33:23 Thy tacklings are loosed; they could not strengthen the foot of their mast, they could not spread the sail: then was the prey of a great spoil divided; the lame took the prey.
33:24 And the inhabitant shall not say, I am sick: the people that dwell therein shall be forgiven their iniquity.
34:1 Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye peoples: let the earth hear, and the fulness thereof; the world, and all things that come forth from it.
34:2 For Jehovah hath indignation against all the nations, and wrath against all their host: he hath 407utterly destroyed them, and he hath delivered them to the slaughter.
407Hb. devoted them,34:3 Their slain also shall be cast out, and the stench of their dead bodies shall come up; and the mountains shall be melted with their blood.
34:4 And all the host of heaven shall 408be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll; and all their host shall fade away, as the leaf fadeth from off the vine, and as a fading leaf from the fig-tree.
408Or, moulder away, or, rot away,34:5 For my sword hath drunk its fill in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Edom, and upon the people of my 409curse, to judgment.
409Hb. devoting, or, ban,34:6 The sword of Jehovah is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams; for Jehovah hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
34:7 And the wild-oxen shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be drunken with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness.
34:8 For Jehovah hath a day of vengeance, a year of recompense for the cause of Zion.
34:9 And the streams 410of Edom shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into 411brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch.
410Hb. thereof shall be turned into pitch,34:10 It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever; from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
411In modern terminology, sulfur [Its fumes are toxic.]
34:11 But the pelican and the porcupine shall possess it; and the 412owl and the raven shall dwell therein: and he will stretch over it the line of confusion, and the 413plummet of emptiness.
412Or, bittern34:12 414They shall call the nobles thereof to the kingdom, but none shall be there; and all its princes shall be nothing.
413Hb. stones Abegg says, plumb lines of emptiness are its nobles. They will call it No Kingdom There;
414Or, As for her nobles, none shall be there to proclaim the kingdom;34:13 And thorns shall come up in its palaces, nettles and thistles in the fortresses thereof; and it shall be a habitation of jackals, a court for ostriches.
34:14 And the wild beasts of the desert shall meet with the 415wolves, and the wild goat shall cry to his fellow; yes, the 416night-monster shall settle there, and shall find her a place of rest.
415Hb. howling creatures,34:15 There shall the dart-snake make her nest, and lay, and hatch, and gather under her shade; yes, there shall the kites be gathered, every one with her mate.
416Hb. Lilith shall settle there,
34:16 Seek ye out of the book of Jehovah, and read: no one of these shall be missing, none shall want her mate; for my mouth, it hath commanded, and his Spirit, it hath gathered them.
34:17 And he hath cast the lot for them, and his hand hath divided it unto them by line: they shall possess it for ever; from generation to generation shall they dwell therein.
35:1 The wilderness and the dry land shall be glad; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the 417rose.
417Or, autumn crocus. See Song of Solomon 2:1.35:2 It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing; the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the splendor of Carmel and Sharon: they shall see the glory of Jehovah, the splendor of our God.
35:3 Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the 418feeble knees.
418Or, tottering knees.35:4 Say to them that are of a 419fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: 420behold, your God will come with vengeance, with the recompense of God; he will come and save you.
419Hb. hasty heart,35:5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.
420Or, behold, your God! vengeance will come, even the recompense of God;
35:6 Then shall the lame man leap as a hart, and the tongue of the dumb shall sing; for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert.
35:7 And the 421glowing sand shall become a pool, and the thirsty ground springs of water: in the habitation of jackals, where they lay, shall be 422grass with reeds and rushes.
421Or, mirage shall become a pool,35:8 And a highway shall be there, and a trodden way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for 423them: the wayfaring men, yes fools, shall not stray away.
422Or, a court for reeds and rushes. See ch. 34:13.
423Or possibly, the redeemed:35:9 No lion shall be there, nor shall any ravenous beast go up thereon; they shall not be found there; but the ransomed shall walk there:
35:10 and the redeemed of Jehovah shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their heads: they shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.
36:1 Now it came to pass in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah, that 424Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah, and took them.
424Hb. Sanherib See footnotes on 2Ki 18:13, 17. In his 4th year, and 3rd military campaign.36:2 And the king of Assyria sent 425Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller’s field.
425The title of an Assyrian officer.36:3 Then came forth unto him Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the 426scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the 427recorder.
426Or, secretary,36:4 And Rabshakeh said unto them, Say ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?
36:5 I say, thy counsel and strength for the war are but vain words: now on whom dost thou trust, that thou hast rebelled against me?
36:6 Behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, even upon Egypt, whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust on him.
36:7 But if thou say unto me, We trust in Jehovah our God: is not that he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and to Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar?
36:8 Now therefore, I pray thee, 428give pledges to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.
428Or, make a wager with my master36:9 How then canst thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master’s servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?
36:10 And am I now come up without Jehovah against this land to destroy it? Jehovah said unto me, Go up against this land, and destroy it.
36:11 Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the 429Syrian language; for we understand it: and speak not to us in the Jews’ language, in the ears of the people that are on the wall.
429Hb. Aramean (or, Aramaic)36:12 But Rabshakeh said, Hath my master sent me to thy master, and to thee, to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men that sit upon the wall, to eat their own dung, and to drink their own water with you?
36:13 Then Rabshakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in the Jews’ language, and said, Hear ye the words of the great king, the king of Assyria.
36:14 Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you; for he will not be able to deliver you:
36:15 neither let Hezekiah make you trust in Jehovah, saying, Jehovah will surely deliver us; this city shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.
36:16 Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, 430Make your peace with me, and come out to me; and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig-tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;
430Hb. Make with me a blessing,36:17 until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards.
36:18 Beware lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying, Jehovah will deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria?
36:19 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?
36:20 Who are they among all the gods of these countries, that have delivered their country out of my hand, that Jehovah should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand?
36:21 But they held their peace, and answered him not a word; for the king’s commandment was, saying, Answer him not.
36:22 Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, that was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
37:1 And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of Jehovah.
37:2 And he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, unto Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.
37:3 And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of reproach; for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.
37:4 It may be Jehovah thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, 431whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to defy the living God, and will rebuke the words which Jehovah thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up thy prayer for the remnant that is left.
431Or, wherewith the king of Assyria his master hath sent him to defy the living God,37:5 So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah.
37:6 And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say to your master, Thus saith Jehovah, Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, wherewith the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.
37:7 Behold, 432I will put a spirit in him, and he shall hear tidings, and shall return unto his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.
432Or, I will put such a spirit in him, that he shall hear37:8 So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah; for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.
37:9 And he heard say concerning Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, He is come out to fight against thee. And when he heard it, he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying,
37:10 Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy God in whom thou trustest deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.
37:11 Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by 433destroying them utterly: and shalt thou be delivered?
433Hb. devoting them:37:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them, which my fathers have destroyed, Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden that were in Telassar?
37:13 Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and 434Ivvah?
434In 2Ki 17:24, Avva37:14 And Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it; and Hezekiah went up unto the house of Jehovah, and spread it before Jehovah.
37:15 And Hezekiah prayed unto Jehovah, saying,
37:16 O Jehovah of hosts, the God of Israel, that 435sittest above the cherubim, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and earth.
435Or, art enthroned above the cherubim,37:17 Incline thine ear, O Jehovah, and hear; open thine eyes, O Jehovah, and see; and hear all the words of Sennacherib, who hath sent to defy the living God.
37:18 Of a truth, Jehovah, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the countries, and their land,
37:19 and have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men’s hands, wood and stone; therefore they have destroyed them.
37:20 Now therefore, O Jehovah our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art Jehovah, even thou only.
37:21 Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, Whereas thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria,
37:22 this is the word which Jehovah hath spoken concerning him: The virgin daughter of Zion hath despised thee and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head 436at thee.
436Hb. after thee.37:23 Whom hast thou defied and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel.
37:24 By thy servants hast thou defied 437Jehovah, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the innermost parts of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, and the choice 438fir-trees thereof; and I will enter into its farthest height, the forest of its fruitful field.
437Sopherim changed to the Lord,37:25 I have digged and drunk water, and with the sole of my feet will I dry up all the rivers of 439Egypt.
439Or, defence. Hb. Mazor. (that is, the Nile Delta)37:26 Hast thou not heard how I have done it long ago, and formed it of ancient times? now have I brought it to pass, that it should be thine to lay waste fortified cities into ruinous heaps.
37:27 Therefore their inhabitants were of small power, they were dismayed and confounded; they were as the grass of the field, and as the green herb, as the grass on the housetops, 440and as a field of grain before it is grown up.
440In 2Ki 19:26, and as grain blasted before etc. 1QIsaa (Vg.) read blasted (or, scorched) by the east wind.37:28 But I know thy sitting down, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy raging against me.
37:29 Because of thy raging against me, and because 441thine arrogancy is come up into mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.
441Or, thy careless ease is come up into mine ears, See note under 2Ki 19:35.37:30 And this shall be the sign unto thee: ye shall eat this year that which groweth of itself, and in the second year that which springeth of the same; and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof.
37:31 And 442the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward.
442Hb. the escaped of the house of Judah that remain37:32 For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and out of mount Zion they that shall escape: the zeal of Jehovah of hosts will perform this.
37:33 Therefore thus saith Jehovah concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come unto this city, nor shoot an arrow there, neither shall he come before it with shield, nor cast up a mound against it.
37:34 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and he shall not come unto this city, saith Jehovah.
37:35 For I will defend this city to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David’s sake.
37:36 And the angel of Jehovah went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred eighty-five thousand; and when men arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies.
37:37 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Ninevah.
37:38 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Ararat. And Esar-haddon his son reigned in his stead.
38:1 In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came to him, and said unto him, Thus saith Jehovah, Set thy house in order; for thou shalt die, and not live.
38:2 Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall, and prayed unto Jehovah,
38:3 and said, Remember now, O Jehovah, I beseech thee, how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.
38:4 Then came the word of Jehovah to Isaiah, saying,
38:5 Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will add unto thy days fifteen years.
38:6 And I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city.
38:7 And this shall be the sign unto thee from Jehovah, that Jehovah will do this thing that he hath spoken:
38:8 behold, I will cause the shadow on the steps, which is gone down on the 443dial of Ahaz 444with the sun, to return backward ten steps. So the sun returned ten steps 445on the dial whereon it was gone down.
443Hb. steps38:9 The writing of Hezekiah king of Judah, when he had been sick, and was recovered of his sickness.
445Or, by which steps it was gone down.
38:10 I said, 446In the 447noontide of my days I shall go into the gates of Sheol: I am deprived of the residue of my years.
446Hezekiah was then 39 years old. vs. 5; 2Chr 29:1.38:11 I said, I shall not see 448Jehovah, even Jehovah in the land of the living: I shall behold man no more 449with the inhabitants of the world.
448Hb. Jah (both times)38:12 My dwelling is removed, and is carried away from me as a shepherd’s tent: I have rolled up, like a weaver, my life; he will cut me off from the 450loom: From day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.
449Or, when I am among them that have ceased to be.
450Hb. thrum:38:13 451I quieted myself until morning; as a lion, so he breaketh all my bones: From day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.
451Or, I thought until morning, As a lion, so will he break all my bones:38:14 Like a swallow or a crane, so did I chatter; I did moan as a dove; mine eyes fail with looking upward: O 452Jehovah, I am oppressed, be thou my surety.
452Sopherim changed to Lord, Also in vs. 16.38:15 What shall I say? he hath both spoken unto me, and himself hath done it: I shall go 453softly all my years because of the bitterness of my soul.
453Or, as in solemn procession all etc. See Ps 42:4.38:16 O Jehovah, by these things men live; And wholly therein is the life of my spirit: 454Wherefore recover thou me, and make me to live.
454Or, So wilt thou recover me,38:17 Behold, it was for my peace that I had great bitterness: But 455thou hast in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of 456nothingness; For thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back.
455Hb. thou hast loved my soul from the pit of38:18 For Sheol cannot praise thee, death can not celebrate thee: They that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth.
456 1QIsaa reads confinement; Lamsa says, corruption;
38:19 The living, the living, he shall praise thee, as I do this day: The father to the children shall make known thy truth.
38:20 Jehovah is ready to save me: Therefore we will sing my songs with stringed instruments All the days of our life in the house of Jehovah.
38:21 Now Isaiah had said, Let them take a cake of figs, and lay it for a plaster upon the boil, and he shall recover.
38:22 Hezekiah also had said, What is the sign that I shall go up to the house of Jehovah?
39:1 At that time Merodach-baladan the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah; for he heard that he had been sick, and was recovered.
39:2 And Hezekiah was glad of them, and showed them the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the 457precious oil, and all the house of his 458armor, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah showed them not.
457Or, spicery,39:3 Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country unto me, even from Babylon.
39:4 Then said he, What have they seen in thy house? And Hezekiah answered, All that is in my house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not showed them.
39:5 Then said Isaiah to Hezekiah, Hear the word of Jehovah of hosts.
39:6 Behold, the days are coming, when all that is in thy house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store until this day, shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith Jehovah.
39:7 And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, whom thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.
39:8 Then said Hezekiah unto Isaiah, Good is the word of Jehovah which thou hast spoken. He said moreover, For there shall be peace and truth in my days.
40:1 Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God.
40:2 Speak ye 459comfortably to Jerusalem; and cry unto her, that her 460warfare is accomplished, that her 461iniquity is pardoned, that she hath received of Jehovah’s hand 462a double for all her sins.
459Hb. to the heart of Jerusalem;40:3 The voice of one 463that crieth, Prepare ye in the wilderness the way of Jehovah; make level in the desert a highway for our God.
460Or, time of service is fulfilled,
461Or, punishment is accepted (or, paid), See Lv 26:43.
462Hb. kiphlayim (dual) double-folded pair for etc.
463Or, that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of Jehovah;40:4 Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low; and the uneven shall be made level, and the rough places a plain:
40:5 and the glory of Jehovah shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together; for the mouth of Jehovah hath spoken it.
40:6 The voice of one saying, Cry. And 464one said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field:
464So Massoretic, Aram. 1QIsaa Sept., Vg. read I said40:7 the grass withereth, the flower fadeth, because the breath of Jehovah bloweth upon it; surely the people is grass.
40:8 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth; but the word of our God shall stand forever.
40:9 465O thou that tellest good tidings to Zion, get thee up on a high mountain; 466O thou that tellest good tidings to Jerusalem, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold, your God!
465Or, O Zion, that bringest good tidings,40:10 Behold, the Lord Jehovah will come as a mighty one, and his arm will rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his recompense before him.
466Or, O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings,
40:11 He will feed his flock like a shepherd, he will gather the lambs in his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and will gently lead those that have their young.
40:12 Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?
40:13 Who hath 467directed the Spirit of Jehovah, or being his counsellor hath taught 468him?
467Or, meted out the spirit of Jehovah,40:14 With whom took he counsel, and who instructed him, and taught him in the path of justice, and taught him knowledge, and showed to him the way of understanding?
468Refers to Jehovah. 1QIsaa refers it to the Spirit.
40:15 Behold, the nations are as a drop from a bucket, and are accounted as the small dust of the balance: behold, 469he taketh up the isles as a very little thing.
469Or, the isles are as the fine dust that is lifted up.40:16 And Lebanon is not sufficient to burn, nor the beasts thereof sufficient for a burnt-offering.
40:17 All the nations are as nothing before him; they are accounted by him as 470less than nothing, and 471vanity.
470Or, as a thing of nought, Modern, a real zero,40:18 To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him?
471Or, confusion. Also in vs. 23.
40:19 The image, a workman hath cast it, and the goldsmith overlayeth it with gold, and casteth for it silver chains.
40:20 He that is too impoverished for such an oblation chooseth a tree that will not rot; he seeketh unto him a skilful workman to 472set up a graven image, that shall not be moved.
472Or, prepare a graven image,40:21 Have ye not known? have ye not heard? hath it not been told you from the beginning? have ye not 473understood from the foundations of the earth?
473Or, understood the foundations of the earth40:22 It is he that sitteth above the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as 474a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in;
474Or, gauze,40:23 that bringeth princes to nothing; that maketh the judges of the earth as vanity.
40:24 475Yes, they have not been planted; yes, they have not been sown; yes, their stock hath not taken root in the earth: moreover he bloweth upon them, and they wither, and the whirlwind taketh them away as stubble.
475Or, Scarce are they planted, scarce are they sown, scarce hath their stock taken root in the earth, when he bloweth upon them,40:25 To whom then will ye liken me, that I should be equal to him? saith the Holy One.
40:26 Lift up your eyes on high, 476and see who hath created these, that bringeth out their host by number; he calleth them all by name; by the greatness of his might, and for that he is strong in power, not one is lacking.
476Or, and see: who hath created these? he that etc.40:27 Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel, My way is hid from Jehovah, and the justice due to me is passed away from my God?
40:28 Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard? 477The everlasting God, Jehovah, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary; and there is no searching of his understanding.
477Or, Jehovah is an everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth, he fainteth not,40:29 He giveth power to the faint; and to him that hath no might he increaseth strength.
40:30 Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall:
40:31 but they that wait for Jehovah shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; they shall walk, and not faint.
41:1 Keep silence before me, O islands; and let the peoples renew their strength: let them come near; then let them speak; let us come near together to judgment.
41:2 Who hath raised up one from the east, 478whom he calleth in righteousness to his foot? he giveth nations before him, and maketh him rule over kings; 479he giveth them as the dust to his sword, as the driven stubble to his bow.
478Or, whom righteousness calleth to its foot? or, whom righteousness meeteth whithersoever he goeth?41:3 He pursueth them, and passeth on safely, even by a way that he had not gone with his feet.
479Or, he maketh as the dust their sword, as the driven stubble their bow.
41:4 Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I Jehovah, the first, and with the last, I am he.
41:5 The isles have seen, and fear; the ends of the earth tremble; they draw near, and come.
41:6 They help every one his neighbor; and every one saith to his brother, Be of good courage.
41:7 So the carpenter encourageth the goldsmith, and he that smootheth with the hammer him that smiteth the anvil, saying of the soldering, It is good; and he fasteneth it with nails, that it should not be moved.
41:8 But thou, Israel, my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend,
41:9 thou whom I have taken hold of from the ends of the earth, and called from the corners thereof, and said unto thee, Thou art my servant, I have chosen thee and not cast thee away;
41:10 fear thou not, for I am with thee; 480be not dismayed, for I am thy God; I will strengthen thee; yes, I will help thee; yes, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.
480Or, look not around thee,41:11 Behold, all they that are incensed against thee shall be put to shame and confounded: they that strive with thee shall be as nothing, and shall perish.
41:12 Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not find them, even them that contend with thee: they that war against thee shall be as nothing, and as a thing of nought.
41:13 For I Jehovah thy God will hold thy right hand, saying unto thee, Fear not; I will help thee.
41:14 Fear not, thou scarlet worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith Jehovah, and 481thy Ransomer is the Holy One of Israel.
481Or, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.41:15 Behold, I have made thee to be a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth; thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat them small, and shalt make the hills as chaff.
41:16 Thou shalt winnow them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them; and thou shalt rejoice in Jehovah, thou shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
41:17 The poor and needy seek water, and there is none, and their tongue faileth for thirst; I Jehovah will answer them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.
41:18 I will open rivers on the bare heights, and fountains in the midst of the valleys; I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.
41:19 I will put in the wilderness the cedar, the acacia, and the myrtle, and the 482oil-tree; I will set in the desert the 483fir-tree, the 484pine, and the box-tree together:
482Or, oleaster;41:20 that they may see, and know, and consider, and understand together, that the hand of Jehovah hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hath created it.
41:21 Produce your cause, saith Jehovah; bring forth your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob.
41:22 Let them bring them forth, and declare unto us what shall happen: declare ye the former things, what they are, that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or show us things to come.
41:23 Declare the things that are to come hereafter, that we may know that ye are gods: yes, do good, or do evil, that we may 485be dismayed, and behold it together.
485Or, look one upon another,41:24 Behold, ye are of nothing, and your work is of nought; an abomination is he that chooseth you.
41:25 I have raised up one from the north, and he is come; from the rising of the sun one that calleth upon my name: 486and he shall come upon 487rulers as upon mortar, and as a potter treadeth clay.
4861QIsaa (Sept.) read Rulers will come like mortar and like the potter, and he will trample the clay.41:26 Who hath declared it from the beginning, that we may know? and beforetime, that we may say, He is right? yes, there is none that declareth, yes, there is none that showeth, yes, there is none that heareth your words.
41:27 I am the first that saith unto Zion, Behold, behold them; and I will give to Jerusalem one that bringerth good tidings.
41:28 And when i look, there is no man; even among them there is no counsellor, that, when I ask of them, can answer a word.
41:29 488Behold, all of them, their works are vanity and nought; their molten images are wind and confusion.
488Or, Behold, they are all vanity; their works are nought; 1QIsaa (Sept.) Vg. read Behold, none of them exists, and their works are nothing;[Isa 42]
42:1 Behold, my servant, whom I uphold; my chosen, in whom my soul delighteth: I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the 489Gentiles.
489Or, nations. And so everywhere. Hb. goyim.42:2 He will not cry, nor lift up his voice, nor cause it to be heard in the street.
42:3 A bruised reed will he not break, and a dimly burning wick will he not quench: he will bring forth justice in truth.
42:4 He will not 490dim down nor be 491discouraged, till he have set justice 492in the earth; and the isles shall wait for his law.
490Lit. burn dimly nor42:5 Thus saith God Jehovah, he that created the heavens, and stretched them forth; he that spread abroad the earth and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:
492Or, inland; and the coastlands shall wait for his law.
42:6 I Jehovah have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thy hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles;
42:7 to open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison-house.
42:8 I am Jehovah, that is my name; and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise unto graven images.
42:9 Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare; before they spring forth I tell you of them.
42:10 Sing unto Jehovah a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth; ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein, the isles, and the inhabitants thereof.
42:11 Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit; let the inhabitants 493of Sela sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains.
493Sept., Vg. read of Petra sing, [Petra is in Edom.]42:12 Let them give glory unto Jehovah, and declare his praise in the islands.
42:13 Jehovah will go forth as a mighty man; he will stir up his zeal like a man of war: he will cry, yes, he will shout aloud; he will do mightily against his enemies.
42:14 I have long time holden my peace; I have been still, and refrained myself: now will I cry out like a travailing woman; I will 494gasp and pant together.
494Or, destroy and devour.42:15 I will lay waste mountains and hills, and dry up all their herbs; and I will make the rivers islands, and will dry up the pools.
42:16 And I will bring the blind by a way that they know not; in paths that they know not will I lead them; I will make darkness light before them, and crooked places straight. These things will I do, 495and I will not forsake them.
495Or, and will not forbear.42:17 They shall be turned back, they shall be utterly put to shame, that trust in graven images, that say unto molten images, Ye are our gods.
42:18 Hear, ye deaf; and look, ye blind, that ye may see.
42:19 Who is blind, but my servant? or deaf, as my messenger that I send? who is blind as he that is 496at peace with me, and blind as Jehovah’s servant?
496Or, made perfect, or, recompensed,42:20 Thou seest many things, but thou observest not; his ears are open, but he heareth not.
42:21 It pleased Jehovah, for his righteousness’ sake, to 497magnify the law, and make it honorable.
497Or, make the teaching great and glorious.42:22 But this is a people robbed and plundered; they are all of them snared in holes, and they are hid in prison-houses: they are for a prey, and none delivereth; for a spoil, and none saith, Restore.
42:23 Who is there among you that will give ear to this? that will hearken and hear for the time to come?
42:24 Who gave Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to the robbers? did not Jehovah? he against whom we have sinned, and in whose ways they would not walk, neither were they obedient unto his 498law.
498Or, teaching.42:25 Therefore he poured upon him the fierceness of his anger, and the strength of battle; and it set him on fire round about, yet he knew not; and it burned him, yet he laid it not to heart.
43:1 But now thus saith Jehovah that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel: Fear not, for I have ransomed thee; I have called thee by thy name, thou art mine.
43:2 When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned, neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.
43:3 For I am Jehovah thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour; I have given Egypt to enemies as thy payment, Cush and Seba in thy stead.
43:4 Since thou hast been precious in my sight, 499and honorable, and I have loved thee; therefore will I give men in thy stead, and peoples instead of thy soul.
499Or, thou hast been honorable,43:5 Fear not; for I am with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west;
43:6 I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back; bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the end of the earth;
43:7 every one that is called by my name, and whom I have created for my glory, whom I have formed, yes, whom I have made.
43:8 Bring forth the blind people that have eyes, and the deaf that have ears.
43:9 500Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the peoples be assembled: who among them can declare this, and show us former things? let them bring their witnesses, that they may be justified; 501or let them hear, and say, It is truth.
500Or, Gather yourselves together, all ye nations,43:10 Ye are my witnesses, saith Jehovah, and my servant whom I have chosen; that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.
501Or, and that they may hear, 1QIsaa Sept. read Let them proclaim, so people will say,
43:11 I, even I, am Jehovah; and besides me there is no saviour.
43:12 I have declared, and I have saved, and I have showed; and there was no strange god among you: therefore ye are my witnesses, saith Jehovah, and I am God.
43:13 Yes, 502since the day was I am he; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who can hinder it?
502Or, from this day forth I am he;43:14 Thus saith Jehovah, your Ransomer, the Holy One of Israel: For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and I will bring down 503all of them as fugitives, even the Chaldeans, in the ships of their rejoicing.
503Hbmg reads, all their nobles, even etc.43:15 I am Jehovah, your Holy One, the Creator of Israel, your King.
43:16 Thus saith Jehovah, who maketh a way in the sea, and a path in the mighty waters;
43:17 504who bringeth forth the chariot and horse, the army and the mighty man (they lie down together, they shall not arise; they are extinct, they are quenched as a wick);
504Or, who bringeth forth the chariot and horse, the army and the power: They shall lie down... wick:43:18 Remember ye not the former things, neither consider the things of old.
43:19 Behold, I will do a new thing; now shall it spring forth; shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.
43:20 The beasts of the field shall honor me, the jackals and the ostriches; because I give waters in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, my chosen,
43:21 the people which I formed for myself, 505that they might set forth my praise.
505Or, they shall set forth my praise.43:22 Yet thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob; but thou hast been weary of me, O Israel.
43:23 Thou hast not brought me of a sheep for thy burnt-offerings; neither hast thou honored me with thy sacrifices. I have not burdened thee with 506offerings, nor wearied thee with frankincense.
506Or, a meal-offering,43:24 Thou hast bought me no 507sweet cane with money, neither hast thou 508filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices; but thou hast burdened me with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thine iniquities.
507Or, calamus43:25 I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake; and I will not remember thy sins.
43:26 Put me in remembrance; let us plead together: set thou forth thy cause, that thou mayest be justified.
43:27 Thy first father sinned, and thy 509teachers have transgressed against me.
509Hb. interpreters43:28 Therefore I 510will profane the 511princes of the Holy; and I 512will make Jacob a 513curse, and Israel a reviling.
510Or, have profaned[Isa 44]
511Or, holy princes;
512Or, have made
513Or, devoted thing,
44:1 Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen:
44:2 thus saith Jehovah that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, who will help thee: Fear not, O Jacob my servant; and thou, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen.
44:3 For I will pour water upon 514him that is thirsty, and streams upon the dry ground; I will pour my Spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
514Or, the thirsty land,44:4 and they shall spring up among the grass, as willows by the flash floods.
44:5 One shall say, I am Jehovah’s; and another shall 515call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall 516subscribe with his hand unto Jehovah, and 517surname himself by the name of Israel.
515Or, proclaim the name of Jacob,44:6 Thus saith Jehovah, the King of Israel, and his Ransomer, Jehovah of hosts; I am the first and I am the last; and besides me there is no God.
516Or, write on his hand, Unto Jehovah,
517Or, give for a title the name of Israel.
44:7 518And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I established the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and that shall come to pass, let them declare.
518Or, And who, as I, can proclaim? let him declare it,44:8 Fear ye not, neither be afraid: have I not declared unto thee of old, and showed it? and ye are my witnesses. Is there a God besides me? yes, there is no Rock; I know not any.
44:9 They that fashion a graven image are all of them 519vanity; and the things that they delight in shall not profit; and their own witnesses see not, and know not: that they may be put to shame.
519Or, confusion;44:10 Who hath fashioned a god, or molten an image that is profitable for nothing?
44:11 Behold, 520all his fellows shall be put to shame; and the workmen, they are of men: let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; they shall fear, they shall be put to shame together.
520Or, all that join themselves thereto shall be etc.44:12 The smith 521maketh an axe, and worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with his strong arm: yes, he is hungry, and his strength faileth; he drinketh no water, and is faint.
521Or, sharpeneth a tool,44:13 The carpenter stretcheth out a line; he marketh it out with 522a pencil; he shapeth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compasses, and shapeth it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man, to dwell in a house.
522Or, red ochre;44:14 He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the holm-tree and the oak, and strengtheneth for himself one among the trees of the forest: he planteth 523a fir-tree, and the rain doth nourish it.
523Or, an ash,44:15 Then shall it be for a man to burn; and he taketh thereof, and warmeth himself; yes, he kindleth it, and baketh bread: yes, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.
44:16 He burneth 524part thereof in the fire: and with part thereof he eateth flesh; he roasteth roast, and is satisfied; yes, he warmeth himself, and saith, Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire:
524Or, the half (both times)44:17 and the residue thereof he maketh a god, even his graven image; he falleth down unto it and worshippeth, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me; for thou art my god.
44:18 They know not, neither do they consider: for he hath 525shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.
525Hb. daubed44:19 And none calleth to mind, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yes, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh and eaten it: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?
44:20 He feedeth on ashes; a deceived heart hath turned him aside; and he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, 526Is there not a lie in my right hand?
526So Massoretic 4QIsab. 1QIsaa Aram. read There is a lie in my right hand.44:21 Remember these things, O Jacob, and Israel; for thou art my servant: I have formed thee; thou art my servant: O Israel, thou shalt not be forgotten of me.
44:22 I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins: return unto me; for I have ransomed thee.
44:23 Sing, O ye heavens, for Jehovah hath done it; shout, ye lower parts of the earth; break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for Jehovah hath ransomed Jacob, and will glorify himself in Israel.
44:24 Thus saith Jehovah, thy Ransomer, and he that formed thee from the womb: I am Jehovah, that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth 527(who is with me?);
527Hbmg reads by myself;44:25 that frustrateth the signs of the 528liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge 529foolish;
528Or, boasters,44:26 that confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith of Jerusalem, She shall be inhabited; and of the cities of Judah, They shall be built, and I will raise up the waste places thereof;
529So 1QIsab,a 4QIsab Sept., Aram., Vg. Massoretic alone reads wise;
44:27 that saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers;
44:28 that saith of 530Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure, even saying of Jerusalem, She shall be built; 531and of the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.
530Hb. Koresh, meaning, Sun[Isa 45]
531Or, and the foundation of the temple shall be laid.
45:1 Thus saith Jehovah to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him, and I will loose the loins of kings; to open the double gates before him, and the gateways shall not be shut:
45:2 I will go before thee, and make 532the rough places smooth; I will break in pieces the gates of copper, and cut in sunder the bars of iron;
5321QIsab,a Sept. read the mountains smooth (or, level);45:3 and I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that it is I, Jehovah, who call thee by thy name, even the God of Israel.
45:4 For Jacob my servant’s sake, and Israel my chosen, I have called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.
45:5 I am Jehovah, and there is none else; besides me there is no God. I will gird thee, though thou hast not known me;
45:6 that they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none besides me: I am Jehovah, and there is none else.
45:7 I form the light, and create darkness; I make peace, and create evil; I am Jehovah, that doeth all these things.
45:8 Distil, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, that 533it may 534bring forth salvation, and let it cause righteousness to spring up together; I Jehovah have created it.
533Hb. they45:9 Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! a potsherd among the potsherds of the earth! Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
534Or, be fruitful in salvation,
45:10 Woe unto him that saith unto a father, What begettest thou? or to a woman, With what travailest thou?
45:11 Thus saith Jehovah, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker: Ask me of the things that are to come; concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands, command ye me.
45:12 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens; and all their host have I commanded.
45:13 I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will make straight all his ways: he shall build my city, and he shall let my exiles go free, not for price nor reward, saith Jehovah of hosts.
45:14 Thus saith Jehovah, The labor of Egypt, and the merchandise of 535Cush, and the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come unto thee, and they shall be thine: they shall go after thee; in chains they shall come over; and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely God is in thee; and there is none else, there is no God.
535Or, Ethiopia,45:15 Truly thou art a God that hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.
45:16 They shall be put to shame, yes, confounded, all of them; they shall go into confusion together that are makers of idols.
45:17 But Israel shall be saved by Jehovah with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be put to shame nor confounded to the 536ages of eternity.
536Hb. owlam (time periods without fixed endings)45:18 For thus saith Jehovah that created the heavens, the God that formed the earth and made it, that established it and created it not 537in vain, that formed it to be inhabited: I am Jehovah; and there is none else.
537Or, a waste,45:19 I have not spoken in secret, in a place of the land of darkness; I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me 538in vain: I, Jehovah speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
538Or, as in a waste:45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that carry the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save.
45:21 Declare ye, and bring it forth; yes, let them take counsel together: who hath showed this from ancient time? who hath declared it of old? have not I, Jehovah? and there is no God else besides me, a just God and a Saviour; there is none besides me.
45:22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is none else.
45:23 By myself have I sworn, 539the word is gone forth from my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, that unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
539Or, righteousness is gone forth from my mouth, a word which shall not return, or, the word is gone forth from a mouth of righteousness, and shall not return,45:24 Only in Jehovah, it is said of me, is righteousness and strength; even to him shall men come; and all they that were incensed against him shall be put to shame.
45:25 In Jehovah shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
46:1 Bel boweth down, Nebo stoopeth; their idols are upon the beasts, and upon the cattle: the things that ye carried about are made a load, a burden to the weary beast.
46:2 They stoop, they bow down together; they could not deliver the burden, but themselves are gone into captivity.
46:3 Hearken unto me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of the house of Israel, that have been borne by me from their birth, that have been carried from the womb;
46:4 even to old age I am he, and even to hoar hairs will I carry you: I have made, and I will bear; yes, I will carry, and will deliver.
46:5 To whom will ye liken me, or make me equal, or compare me, that we may be like?
46:6 Such as lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance, they hire a goldsmith, and he maketh it a god; they fall down, yes, they worship.
46:7 They bear it upon the shoulder, they carry it, and set it in its place, and it standeth; from its place shall it not remove: yes, one may cry unto it, yet can it not answer, nor save him out of his trouble.
46:8 Remember this, and 540show yourselves men; bring it again to mind, O ye transgressors.
540Or loosely, stand fast;46:9 Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me;
46:10 declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times things that are not yet done; saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure;
46:11 calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man of 541his counsel from a far country; yes, I have spoken, I will also bring it to pass; I have purposed, I will also do it.
541So Hbtxt 1QIsaa 4QIsac. Hbmg Sept., Aram. (Vg.) read my46:12 Hearken unto me, ye stout-hearted, that are far from righteousness:
46:13 I bring near my righteousness, it shall not be far off, and my salvation shall not tarry; and I will 542place salvation in Zion for Israel my glory.
542Or, give salvation in Zion, and my glory unto Israel.[Isa 47]
47:1 Come down, and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon; sit on the ground without a throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called tender and delicate.
47:2 Take the millstones, and grind meal; remove thy veil, strip off the train, uncover the leg, pass through the rivers.
47:3 Thy nakedness shall be uncovered, yes, thy shame shall be seen: I will take vengeance, and will not accept man.
47:4 Our Ransomer, Jehovah of hosts is his name, the Holy One of Israel.
47:5 Sit thou silent, and get thee into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans; for thou shalt no more be called The mistress of kingdoms.
47:6 I was wroth with my people, I profaned mine inheritance, and gave them into thy hand: thou didst show them no mercy; upon the aged hast thou very heavily laid thy yoke.
47:7 And thou saidst, I shall be mistress for ever; so that thou didst not lay these things to thy heart, neither didst remember the latter end thereof.
47:8 Now therefore hear this, thou that art given to pleasures, that 543sittest securely, that sayest in thy heart, I am, and there is none else besides me; I shall not sit as a widow, neither shall I know the loss of children:
543Or, dwellest47:9 but these two things shall come to thee in a moment in one day, the loss of children, and widowhood; in their full measure shall they come upon thee, in the multitude of thy sorceries, and the great abundance of thine enchantments.
47:10 For thou hast trusted in thy wickedness; thou hast said, None seeth me; thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath perverted thee; and thou hast said in thy heart, I am, and there is none else besides me.
47:11 Therefore shall evil come upon thee; thou shalt not know 544the dawning thereof: and mischief shall fall upon thee; thou shalt not be able to put it away: and desolation shall come upon thee suddenly, which thou knowest not.
544Or, how to charm it away:47:12 Stand now with thine enchantments, and with the multitude of thy sorceries, wherein thou hast labored from thy youth; if so be thou shalt be able to profit, if so be thou mayest 545prevail.
545Or, strike terror.47:13 Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels: let now the 546astrologers, the star-gazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from the things that shall come upon thee.
546Hb. dividers of the heavens,47:14 Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver their soul from the power of the flame: it shall not be a coal to warm at, nor a fire to sit before.
47:15 Thus shall the things be unto thee wherein thou hast labored: they that have trafficked with thee from thy youth shall wander every one to 547his quarter; there shall be none to save thee.
547Or, his own way;[Isa 48]
48:1 Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah; who swear by the name of Jehovah, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.
48:2 For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; Jehovah of hosts is his name.
48:3 I have declared the former things from of old; yes, they went forth out of my mouth, and I showed them: suddenly I did them, and they came to pass.
48:4 Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow copper;
48:5 therefore I have declared it to thee from of old; before it came to pass I showed it thee; lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.
48:6 Thou hast heard it; behold all this; and ye, will ye not declare it? 548I have showed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, which thou hast not known.
548Or, I show thee48:7 They are created now, and not from of old; and before this day thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.
48:8 Yes, thou heardest not; yes, thou knewest not; yes, from of old thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou didst deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.
48:9 For my name’s sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.
48:10 Behold, I have refined thee, but not as silver; I have 549tried thee in the furnace of affliction.
549Or, chosen thee… or, rubbed thee on a touchstone.48:11 For mine own sake, for mine own sake, will I do it; for how should my name be profaned? and my glory will I not give to another.
48:12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob, and Israel my called: I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.
48:13 Yes, my hand hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spread out the heavens: when I call unto them, then they stand up together.
48:14 Assemble yourselves, all ye, and hear; who among them hath declared these things? 550He whom Jehovah loveth shall perform his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.
550Or, Jehovah hath loved him: he shall perform etc.48:15 I, even I, have spoken; yes, I have called him; I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.
48:16 Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; from the beginning I have not spoken in secret; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord Jehovah hath sent me, and his Spirit.
48:17 Thus saith Jehovah, thy Ransomer, the Holy One of Israel: I am Jehovah thy God, who teacheth thee to profit, who leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.
48:18 551Oh that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:
551Or, Oh that thou wouldest hearken to my commandments! then would thy peace be as a river,48:19 thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like 552the grains thereof: his name would not be cut off nor destroyed from before me.
552Or, that of the bowels thereof:48:20 Go ye forth from Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans; with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth: say ye, Jehovah hath ransomed his servant Jacob.
48:21 And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts; he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.
48:22 There is no peace, saith Jehovah, to the wicked.
49:1 Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye peoples, from far: Jehovah hath called me from the womb; from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name:
49:2 and he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me: and he hath made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he kept me close:
49:3 and he said unto me, Thou art my servant; Israel, in whom I will be glorified.
49:4 But I said, I have labored in vain, I have spent my strength for nought and vanity; yet surely the justice due to me is with Jehovah, and my recompense with my God.
49:5 And now saith Jehovah that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, 553and that Israel be gathered unto him; (for I am honorable in the eyes of Jehovah, and my God is become my strength;)
553So Hbmg 1QIsaa Sept. GkAq Targ. Most Hbtxt 4QIsad Vg., GkTheod, Symm read but Israel is not gathered, yet shall I be honorable49:6 yes, he saith, It is too light a thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, 554that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
554Or, that my salvation may be unto etc.49:7 Thus saith Jehovah, the Ransomer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whose soul is despised, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers: Kings shall see and arise; princes, and they shall worship; because of Jehovah that is faithful, even the Holy One of Israel, who hath chosen thee.
49:8 Thus saith Jehovah, In an acceptable time have I answered thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee; and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to 555raise up the land, to make them inherit the desolate heritages;
555Or, establish the earth,49:9 saying to them that are bound, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Show yourselves. They shall feed by the ways, and on all bare heights shall be their pasture.
49:10 They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the 556heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them will lead them, even by springs of water will he guide them.
556Or, mirage49:11 And I will make all my mountains a way, and my highways shall be exalted.
49:12 Lo, these shall come from far; and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of 557Sinim.
557Many suggest China (cf. Sino-); Sept. reads Persia. (cf. Elam in Ge 10). Perhaps Mt. Sinai and the adjacent Wilderness of Sin; Douay says south country. But 1QIsaa reads Syene.49:13 Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for Jehovah hath comforted his people, and will have compassion upon his afflicted.
49:14 But Zion said, Jehovah hath forsaken me, and 558Jehovah hath forgotten me.
558Sopherim changed to the Lord49:15 Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? yes, these may forget, yet will not I forget thee.
49:16 Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of my hands; thy walls are continually before me.
49:17 Thy children make haste; thy destroyers and they that made thee waste shall go forth from thee.
49:18 Lift up thine eyes round about, and behold: all these gather themselves together, and come to thee. As I live, saith Jehovah, thou shalt surely clothe thee with them all as with an ornament, and gird thyself with them, like a bride.
49:19 For, as for thy waste and thy desolate places, and thy land that hath been destroyed, surely now shalt thou be too strait for the inhabitants, and they that swallowed thee up shall be far away.
49:20 The children of thy bereavement shall yet say in thine ears, The place is too strait for me; give place to me that I may dwell.
49:21 Then shalt thou say in thy heart, Who hath 559begotten me these, seeing I have been bereaved of my children, and am single, an exile, and wandering to and fro? and who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone; these, where were they?
559Or, borne me these,... and am barren,49:22 Thus saith the Lord Jehovah, Behold, I will lift up my hand to the nations, and set up my ensign to the peoples; and they shall bring thy sons in their bosom, and thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders.
49:23 And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with their faces to the earth, and lick the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I am Jehovah; and they that wait for me shall not be put to shame.
49:24 Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or 560the lawful captives be delivered?
560Hb. the captives of the just be delivered49:25 But thus saith Jehovah, Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered; for I will contend with him that contendeth with thee, and I will save thy children.
49:26 And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know that I, Jehovah, am thy Saviour, and thy Ransomer, the Mighty One of Jacob.
50:1 Thus saith Jehovah, Where is the bill of your mother’s divorcement, wherewith I have put her away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities were ye sold, and for your transgressions was your mother put away.
50:2 Wherefore, when I came, was there no man? when I called, was there none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? Behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stink, because there is no water, and die for thirst.
50:3 I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering.
50:4 The Lord Jehovah hath given me the tongue of 561them that are taught, that I may know how 562to sustain with words him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as 563they that are taught.
561Or, disciples,50:5 The Lord Jehovah hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away backward.
562Or, to speak a word in season to him that is weary:
50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair; I 564turned not aside my face from shame and spitting.
564So 1QIsaa Sept., Aram., Vg. Massoretic reads hid not my face50:7 For the Lord Jehovah will help me; therefore have I not been confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be put to shame.
50:8 He is near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? let us stand up together: who is mine adversary? let him come near to me.
50:9 Behold, the Lord Jehovah will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? behold, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.
50:10 Who is among you that feareth Jehovah, that obeyeth the voice of his servant? 565he that walketh in darkness, and hath no light, let him trust in the name of Jehovah, and rely upon his God.
565Or, though he walketh in darkness,50:11 Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that gird yourselves about with firebrands; walk ye in the flame of your fire, and among the brands that ye have kindled. This shall ye have of my hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.
51:1 Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek Jehovah: look unto the rock whence ye were hewn, and to the hole of the pit whence ye were digged.
51:2 Look unto Abraham your father, and unto Sarah that bare you; for when he was but one I called him, and I blessed him, and made him many.
51:3 For Jehovah hath comforted Zion; he hath comforted all her waste places, and hath made her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of Jehovah; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.
51:4 Attend unto me, O my people; and give ear unto me, O my nation: for a law shall go forth from me, and I will establish my justice for a light of the peoples.
51:5 My righteousness is near, my salvation is gone forth, and mine arms shall judge the peoples; the isles shall wait for me, and on mine arm shall they trust.
51:6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath; for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment; and they that dwell therein shall die 566in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.
566Or perhaps, like gnats:51:7 Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart is my law; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye dismayed at their revilings.
51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool; but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation unto all generations.
51:9 Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of Jehovah; awake, as in the days of old, the generations of ancient times. Is it not thou that didst cut Rahab in pieces, that didst pierce the 567monster?
567Several Sept. editions, Lamsa, Douay read dragon51:10 Is it not thou that driedst up the sea, the waters of the great deep; that madest the depth of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over?
51:11 And the redeemed of Jehovah shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their heads: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.
51:12 I, even I, am he that comforteth you: who art thou, that thou art afraid of a man that shall die, and of a son of man that shall be made as grass;
51:13 and hast forgotten Jehovah thy Maker, that stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and fearest continually all the day because of the fury of the oppressor, 568when he maketh ready to destroy? and where is the fury of the oppressor?
568Or, as though he made ready51:14 569The captive exile shall speedily be loosed; and he shall not die and go down into the pit, neither shall his bread fail.
569Or, He that is bent down shall speedily be loosed;51:15 For I am Jehovah thy God, who 570stilleth the sea, when the waves thereof roar: Jehovah of hosts is his name.
570Or, stirreth up the sea, so that the waves thereof roar:51:16 And I have put my words in thy mouth, and have covered thee in the shadow of my hand, that I may plant the heavens, and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, Thou art my people.
51:17 Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, that hast drunk at the hand of Jehovah the cup of his wrath; thou hast drunken the bowl of the cup of staggering, and drained it.
51:18 There is none to guide her among all the sons whom she hath brought forth; neither is there any that taketh her by the hand among all the sons that she hath brought up.
51:19 This double is befallen thee; who shall bemoan thee? desolation and destruction, and the famine and the sword; how shall I comfort thee?
51:20 Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all streets, as an antelope in a net; they are full of the wrath of Jehovah, the rebuke of thy God.
51:21 Therefore hear not this, thou afflicted, and drunken, but not with wine:
51:22 thus saith thy Lord Jehovah, and thy God that pleadeth the cause of his people, Behold, I have taken out of thy hand the cup of staggering, even the bowl of the cup of my wrath; thou shalt no more drink it again:
51:23 and I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee, that have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over; and thou hast laid thy back as the ground, and as the street, to them that go over.
52:1 Awake, awake, put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
52:2 Shake thyself from the dust; arise, sit on thy throne, O Jerusalem: 571loose thyself from the bonds of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
571Or possibly, the bonds of thy neck are loosed,52:3 For thus saith Jehovah, Ye were sold for nought; and ye shall be ransomed without money.
52:4 For thus saith the Lord Jehovah, My people went down at the first into Egypt to sojourn there: and the Assyrian hath oppressed them without cause.
52:5 Now therefore, what do I here, saith Jehovah, seeing that my people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them do howl, saith Jehovah, and my name continually all the day is blasphemed.
52:6 Therefore my people shall know my name: therefore they shall know in that day that I am he that doth speak; behold, 572it is I.
572Or, here am I.52:7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace, that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation, that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!
52:8 The voice of thy watchmen! they lift up the voice, together do they sing; for they shall see eye to eye, 573when Jehovah returneth to Zion.
573Or, how52:9 Break forth into joy, sing together, ye waste places of Jerusalem; for Jehovah hath comforted his people, he hath ransomed Jerusalem.
52:10 Jehovah hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.
52:11 Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean thing; go ye out of the midst of her; cleanse yourselves, ye that bear the vessels of Jehovah.
52:12 For ye shall not go out in haste, neither shall ye go by flight: for Jehovah will go before you; and the God of Israel will be your rearward.
52:13 Behold, my servant shall 574deal wisely, he shall be exalted and lifted up, and shall be very high.
574Or, prosper,52:14 Like as many were astonished at thee, (his visage was so marred 575more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men,)
575Or, from that of man, and his form from that of the sons of men,52:15 so shall he 576sprinkle many nations; kings shall shut their mouths 577at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they 578understand.
576Or, startle[Isa 53]
577Or, because of him:
53:1 Who hath believed 579our message? and to whom hath the arm of Jehovah been revealed?
579Or, that which we have heard53:2 For he grew up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor splendor; 580and when we see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.
580Or, that we should look upon him; nor beauty etc.53:3 He was despised, and 581rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with 582grief: and 583as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised; and we esteemed him not.
581Or, forsaken of men;53:4 Surely he hath borne our 584griefs, and carried our sorrows; yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
582Hb. sickness: (or possibly, being worn down:)
583Or, he hid as it were his face from us, he was etc.
584Hb. sicknesses,53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and Jehovah hath 585laid on him the iniquity of us all.
585Hb. made to light on him the iniquity of us all.53:7 He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he opened not his mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth.
53:8 586By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who among them considered that he was cut off out of the land of the 587living for the transgression of my people 588to whom the stroke was due?
586Or, From53:9 And they made his grave with the wicked, and with a rich man in his deaths; 589although he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.
587Or, living? for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
588So Massoretic. 1QIsaa (Aram.) read he was stricken Douay says have I struck him
589Or, because53:10 Yet it pleased Jehovah to bruise him; he hath 590put him to grief: 591when thou shalt make his soul 592an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of Jehovah shall prosper in his hand.
590Hb. made him sick:53:11 593He shall see out of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: 594in the knowledge of himself shall my righteous servant make many righteous; and he shall bear their iniquities.
591Or, when his soul shall make an offering for sin,
592Hb. a trespass-offering,
593Or, He shall see and be satisfied with the travail of his soul, But 1QIsab,a 4QIsad Sept. read He shall see light out of the travail of his soul,53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion 595in the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong ones; because he poured out his soul unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors: yet he bare the 596sins of many, and 597made intercession for the transgressors.
594Or, by his knowledge shall etc.
595Or, among the great ones,[Isa 54]
596So 1QIsab,a 4QIsad Sept. Massoretic reads sin
54:1 Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more shall be the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith Jehovah.
54:2 Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let them stretch forth the curtains of thy habitations; spare not: lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes.
54:3 For thou shalt spread abroad on the right hand and on the left; and thy seed shall possess the nations, and make the desolate cities to be inhabited.
54:4 Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth; and the reproach of thy widowhood shalt thou remember no more.
54:5 For thy Maker is thy husband; Jehovah of hosts is his name: and the Holy One of Israel is thy Ransomer; the God of the whole earth shall he be called.
54:6 For Jehovah hath called thee as a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit, even a wife of youth, when she is cast off, saith thy God.
54:7 For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great mercies will I gather thee.
54:8 598In overflowing wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting lovingkindness will I have mercy on thee, saith Jehovah thy Ransomer.
598Or, In a little wrath54:9 For this is as the waters of Noah unto me; for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah shall no more go over the earth, so have I sworn that I will not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee.
54:10 For the mountains may depart, and the hills be removed; but my lovingkindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall my covenant of peace be removed, saith Jehovah that hath mercy on thee.
54:11 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, behold, I will set thy stones in 599fair colors, and lay thy foundations with sapphires.
599Or, antimony, See 1Chr 29:2.54:12 And I will make thy 600pinnacles of rubies, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy border of precious stones.
600Or, windows54:13 And all thy children shall be 601taught of Jehovah; and great shall be the peace of thy children.
601Or, disciples of Jehovah;54:14 In righteousness shalt thou be established: 602thou shalt be far from oppression, for thou shalt not fear; and from terror, for it shall not come near thee.
602Or, be thou far from oppression,54:15 Behold, they may 603gather together, but not by me: whosoever shall gather together against thee 604shall fall because of thee.
603Or, stir up strife, (both times)54:16 Behold, I have created a smith that bloweth the fire of coals, and bringeth forth a weapon for 605his work; and I have created a waster to destroy.
604Or, shall fall away to thee.
605Or, its work;54:17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is a heritage of the servants of Jehovah, and 606their righteousness which is of me, saith Jehovah.
606Or, their righteousness is of me,[Isa 55]
55:1 Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
55:2 Wherefore do ye 607spend money for that which is not bread? and your 608labor for that which satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
607Hb. weigh55:3 Incline your ear, and come unto me; hear, and your soul shall live: and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.
55:4 Behold, I have given him for a witness to the peoples, a 609leader and commander to the peoples.
609Or, prince55:5 Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest not; and a nation that knew not thee shall run unto thee, because of Jehovah thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee.
55:6 Seek ye Jehovah while he may be found; call ye upon him while he is near:
55:7 let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; and let him return unto Jehovah, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.
55:8 For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith Jehovah.
55:9 For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.
55:10 For as the rain cometh down and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, and giveth seed to the sower and bread to the eater;
55:11 so shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.
55:12 For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing; and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.
55:13 Instead of the thorn shall come up a fir-tree; and instead of the brier shall come up a myrtle-tree: and it shall be to Jehovah for a name, for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off.
56:1 Thus saith Jehovah, Keep ye justice, and do righteousness; for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed.
56:2 Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that holdeth it fast; that keepeth the sabbath from profaning it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.
56:3 Neither let the foreigner, that hath joined himself to Jehovah, speak, saying, Jehovah will surely separate me from his people; neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree.
56:4 For thus saith Jehovah of the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose the things that please me, and hold fast my covenant:
56:5 Unto them will I give in my house and within my walls a 610memorial and a name 611better than of sons and of daughters; I will give 612them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off.
610Or, place Hb. hand56:6 Also the foreigners that join themselves to Jehovah, to minister unto him, and to love the name of Jehovah, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from profaning it, and holdeth fast my covenant;
611Or, better than sons and daughters;
612Massoretic 1QIsab read him
56:7 even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt-offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples.
56:8 The Lord Jehovah, who gathereth the outcasts of Israel, saith, Yet will I gather others to him, 613besides his own that are gathered.
613Hb. to his gathered ones.56:9 All ye beasts of the field, 614come to devour, yes, all ye beasts in the forest.
614Or, come ye to devour all the beasts in the forest.56:10 His watchmen are blind, they are all without knowledge; they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; dreaming, lying down, loving to slumber.
56:11 Yes, the dogs are greedy, they can never have enough; and these are shepherds that cannot understand: they have all turned to their own way, each one to his gain, 615from every quarter.
615Or, one and all.56:12 Come ye, say they, I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and tomorrow shall be as this day, a day great beyond measure.
57:1 The righteous perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart; and 616merciful men are taken away, none considering that the righteous is taken away 617from the evil to come.
616Or, godly57:2 He entereth into peace; they rest in their beds, each one that walketh 618in his uprightness.
617Or, through wickedness. Lit. from the face of evil.
618Or, straight before him.57:3 But draw near hither, ye sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer and the harlot.
57:4 Against whom do ye sport yourselves? against whom make ye a wide mouth, and put out the tongue? are ye not children of transgression, a seed of falsehood,
57:5 ye that inflame yourselves 619among the oaks, under every green tree; that slay the children in the valleys, under the clefts of the rocks?
619Or, with idols,57:6 Among the smooth stones of the valley is thy portion; they, they are thy lot; even to them hast thou poured a drink-offering, thou hast offered 620an oblation. Shall I be appeased for these things?
620Or, a meal-offering.57:7 Upon a high and lofty mountain hast thou set thy bed; thither also wentest thou up to offer sacrifice.
57:8 And behind the doors and the posts hast thou set up thy memorial: for thou hast uncovered thyself to another than me, and art gone up; thou hast enlarged thy bed, and made thee a covenant with them; thou lovedst their bed where 621thou sawest it.
621Or, thou providest room for it.57:9 And thou wentest to the king with oil, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thine ambassadors far off, and didst debase thyself even unto Sheol.
57:10 Thou wast wearied with the length of thy way; yet saidst thou not, It is in vain: thou didst find 622a quickening of thy strength; therefore thou wast not 623faint.
622Hb. the life of thy hand;57:11 And of whom hast thou been afraid and in fear, that thou liest, and hast not remembered me, nor laid it to thy heart? have not I held my peace even of long time, and thou fearest me not?
57:12 I will declare thy righteousness; and as for thy works, they shall not profit thee.
57:13 When thou criest, let 624them that thou hast gathered deliver thee; but the wind shall take them, a breath shall carry them all away: but he that taketh refuge in me shall possess the land, and shall inherit my holy mountain.
624Or, thy rabble of idols deliver thee;57:14 And 625he will say, Cast ye up, cast ye up, prepare the way, take up the stumbling-block out of the way of my people.
625Or, it shall be said,57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy: I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite.
57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth; for the spirit would faint before me, and the breaths that I have made.
57:17 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him; I hid my face and was wroth; and he went on 626backsliding in the way of his heart.
626Hb. turning away in the way of his heart.57:18 I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and 627restore comforts unto him and to his mourners.
627Hb. recompense57:19 I create the fruit of the lips: Peace, peace, to him that is far off and to him that is near, saith Jehovah; and I will heal him.
57:20 But the wicked are like the troubled sea; for it cannot rest, and its waters cast up mire and dirt.
57:21 There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.
58:1 Cry 628aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and declare unto my people their transgression, and to the house of Jacob their sins.
628Hb. with the throat,58:2 Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways: as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God, they ask of me righteous judgments; they delight to draw near unto God.
58:3 Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our souls, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find your own pleasure, and 629exact all your labors.
629Or, oppress all your laborers.58:4 Behold, ye fast for strife and contention, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: 630ye fast not this day so as to make your voice to be heard on high.
630Or, ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make etc.58:5 Is such the fast that I have chosen? the day for a man to afflict his soul? Is it to bow down his head as a rush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to Jehovah?
58:6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen: to loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the bands of the yoke, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
58:7 Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
58:8 Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thy healing shall spring forth speedily; and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of Jehovah shall be thy rearward.
58:9 Then shalt thou call, and Jehovah will answer; thou shalt cry, and he will say, Here I am. If thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking wickedly;
58:10 and if thou 631draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul: then shall thy light rise in darkness, and thine obscurity be as the noon-day;
631Or, bestow on the hungry that which thy soul desireth:58:11 and Jehovah will guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in 632dry places, and make strong thy bones; and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.
632Or, drought,58:12 And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places; thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.
58:13 If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, and the holy of Jehovah honorable; and shalt honor 633it, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words:
633Or, him,58:14 then shalt thou delight thyself in Jehovah; and 634I will make thee to ride upon the high places of the earth; and I will feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of Jehovah hath spoken it.
634So Massoretic Aram., Vg. But 1QIsab,a 4QIsan Sept. read he[Isa 59]
59:1 Behold, Jehovah’s hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear:
59:2 but your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, so that he will not hear.
59:3 For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue muttereth wickedness.
59:4 None 635sueth in righteousness, and none pleadeth in truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity.
635Hb. calleth59:5 They hatch adders’ eggs, and weave the spider’s web: he that eateth of their eggs dieth; and that which is crushed breaketh out into a viper.
59:6 Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works are works of iniquity, and the act of violence is in their hands.
59:7 Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; desolation and destruction are in their 636paths.
636Or, highways.59:8 The way of peace they know not; and there is no justice in their goings: they have made them crooked paths; whosoever goeth therein doth not know peace.
59:9 Therefore is justice far from us, neither doth righteousness overtake us: we look for the light, but, behold, darkness; for brightness, but we walk in obscurity.
59:10 We grope for the wall like the blind; yes, we grope as they that have no eyes: we stumble at noonday as in the twilight; among them that are lusty we are as dead men.
59:11 We roar all like bears, and moan sore like doves: we look for justice, but there is none; for salvation, but it is far off from us.
59:12 For our transgressions are multiplied before thee, and our sins testify against us; for our transgressions are with us, and as for our iniquities, we know them:
59:13 transgressing and denying Jehovah, and turning away from following our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood.
59:14 And justice is turned away backward, and righteousness standeth afar off; for truth is fallen in the street, and uprightness cannot enter.
59:15 Yes, the truth is lacking; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey. And Jehovah saw it, and it displeased him that there was no justice.
59:16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was 637no intercessor: therefore his own arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it upheld him.
637Or, none to interpose:59:17 And he put on righteousness as a 638breastplate, and 639a helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a mantle.
638Or, coat of mail,59:18 According to their 640deeds, accordingly he will repay, wrath to his adversaries, recompense to his enemies; to the 641islands he will repay recompense.
639Or, salvation for a helmet upon his head;
640Hb. recompenses,59:19 So shall they fear the name of Jehovah from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun; 642for he will come 643as a rushing stream, which the breath of Jehovah driveth.
642Or, when the adversary shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of Jehovah will lift up a standard against him.59:20 And a Ransomer will come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith Jehovah.
643Hb. as the stream pent in,
59:21 And as for me, this is my covenant with them, saith Jehovah: my Spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith Jehovah, from henceforth and for ever.
60:1 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of Jehovah is risen upon thee.
60:2 For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the peoples; but Jehovah will arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
60:3 And nations shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
60:4 Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: they all gather themselves together, they come to thee; thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be 644carried in the arms.
644Hb. nursed upon the side.60:5 Then thou shalt see and be radiant, and thy heart shall thrill and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be turned unto thee, the wealth of the nations shall come unto thee.
60:6 The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the 645dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come; they shall bring gold and frankincense, and 646shall proclaim the praises of Jehovah.
645Or, young camels of Midian and Ephah;60:7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee; they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar; and I will 647glorify 648the house of my glory.
646Hb. shall bring good tidings of the praises
647Or, beautify60:8 Who are these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?
648Or, my beautiful house.
60:9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, for the name of Jehovah thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel, because he hath 649glorified thee.
649Or, beautified60:10 And foreigners shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favor have I had mercy on thee.
60:11 Thy gates also shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto thee the wealth of the nations, and their kings led captive.
60:12 For that nation or kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yes, those nations shall be utterly wasted.
60:13 The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir-tree, the pine, and the box-tree together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious.
60:14 And the sons of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee The city of Jehovah, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
60:15 Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man passed through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.
60:16 Thou shalt also suck the milk of the nations, and shalt suck the breast of kings; and thou shalt know that I, Jehovah, am thy Saviour, and thy Ransomer, the Mighty One of Jacob.
60:17 For copper I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood copper, and for stones iron. I will also make thy officers peace, and 650thine exactors righteousness.
650Or, thy taskmasters60:18 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, desolation nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.
60:19 The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but Jehovah will be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy 651glory.
651Or, beauty.60:20 Thy sun shall no more go down, neither shall thy moon withdraw itself; for Jehovah will be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.
60:21 Thy people also shall be all righteous; they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of his hands, that I may be glorified.
60:22 The little one shall become a thousand, and the small one a strong nation: I, Jehovah, will hasten it in its time.
61:1 The Spirit of the Lord Jehovah is upon me; because Jehovah hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the 652meek; he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and 653the opening of the prison to them that are bound;
652Or, poor;61:2 to proclaim the year of Jehovah’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
653Or, opening of the eyes to them that are bound;
61:3 to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them a garland for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they may be called trees of righteousness, the planting of Jehovah, that he may be glorified.
61:4 And they shall build the old wastes, they shall raise up the former desolations, and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations of many generations.
61:5 And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and foreigners shall be your plowmen and your vine-dressers.
61:6 But ye shall be named the priests of Jehovah; men shall call you the ministers of our God: ye shall eat the wealth of the nations, and 654in their glory shall ye boast yourselves.
654Or, to their glory shall ye succeed.61:7 Instead of your shame ye shall have double; and instead of dishonor they shall rejoice in their portion: therefore in their land they shall possess double; everlasting joy shall be unto them.
61:8 For I, Jehovah, love justice, and I hate robbery 655with iniquity; and I will give them their recompense in truth, and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.
655Or, for (or, with) a burnt-offering;61:9 And their seed shall be known among the nations, and their offspring among the peoples: all that see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed which Jehovah hath blessed.
61:10 I will greatly rejoice in Jehovah, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom 656decketh himself with a priest’s crown, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.
656Or, decketh himself with a garland,61:11 For as the earth bringeth forth its bud, and as the garden causeth the things that are sown in it to spring forth; so the Lord Jehovah will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.
62:1 For Zion’s sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not rest, until her righteousness go forth as brightness, and her salvation as a lamp that burneth.
62:2 And the nations shall see thy righteousness, and all kings thy glory; and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth of Jehovah shall name.
62:3 Thou shalt also be a crown of beauty in the hand of Jehovah, and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God.
62:4 Thou shalt no more be termed Forsaken; neither shall thy land any more be termed Desolate: but thou shalt be called 657Hephzi-bah, and thy land 658Beulah; for Jehovah delighteth in thee, and thy land shall be married.
657That is, My delight is in her,62:5 For as a young man marrieth a virgin, so shall thy sons marry thee; and 659as the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, so shall thy God rejoice over thee.
658That is, Married.
659Hb. with the joy of the bridegroom over the bride,62:6 I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem; they shall never hold their peace day nor night: ye that are Jehovah’s remembrancers, 660take ye no rest,
660Or, keep not silence,62:7 and give him no 661rest, till he establish, and till he make Jerusalem a praise in the earth.
661Hb. silence,62:8 Jehovah hath sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, Surely I will no more give thy grain to be food for thine enemies; and foreigners shall not drink thy new wine, for which thou hast labored:
62:9 but they that have garnered it shall eat it, and praise Jehovah; and they that have gathered it shall drink it in the courts of my Holy.
62:10 Go through, go through the gates; prepare ye the way of the people; cast up, cast up the highway; gather out the stones; lift up an ensign 662for the peoples.
662Or, over62:11 Behold, Jehovah hath proclaimed unto the end of the earth, Say ye to the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy salvation cometh; behold, his reward is with him, and his 663recompense before him.
663Or, work62:12 And they shall call them The holy people, The ransomed of Jehovah: and thou shalt be called Sought out, A city not forsaken.
63:1 Who is this that cometh from Edom, with 664dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, marching in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
664Or, crimsoned63:2 Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winevat?
63:3 I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the peoples there was no man with me: yes, I 665trod them in mine anger, and trampled them in my wrath; and their 666lifeblood 667is sprinkled upon my garments, and I 668have stained all my raiment.
665Or, will tread them in mine anger, and trample63:4 For the day of vengeance 669was in my heart, and 670the year of my ransomed is come.
667Or, shall be sprinkled
668Or, will stain all my raiment.
669Or, is63:5 And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my wrath, it upheld me.
670Or, my year of redemptions is come.
63:6 And 671I trod down the peoples in mine anger, and 672made them drunk in my wrath, and I 673poured out their lifeblood on the earth.
671Or, I will tread down the peoples in mine anger, and make them drunk in my wrath, and I will pour out their lifeblood on the earth.63:7 I will make mention of the lovingkindnesses of Jehovah, and the praises of Jehovah, according to all that Jehovah hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.
672Many mss. read brake them in pieces in my wrath,
673Or, brought down their strength to the earth.
63:8 For he said, Surely, they are my people, children that will not deal falsely: so he was their Saviour.
63:9 674In all their adversity he was no adversary, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he ransomed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old.
674Or, In all their adversity there was no real adversity, Hbmg reads In all their affliction he was afflicted,63:10 But they rebelled, and grieved his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and himself fought against them.
63:11 675Then he remembered the days of old, Moses and his people, saying, Where is he 676that brought them up out of the sea with the 677shepherds of his flock? where is he that put his holy Spirit in the midst of them?
675Or, Then his people remembered the ancient days of Moses, saying, Where is he etc.63:12 that caused his glorious arm to go at the right hand of Moses? that divided the waters before them, to make himself an everlasting name?
6761QIsaa (Sept., Aram.) read that brought up out of the sea the shepherds of his flock
677Some mss. read shepherd (singular)
63:13 that led them through the depths, as a horse in the wilderness, so that they stumbled not?
63:14 As the cattle that go down into the valley, the Spirit of Jehovah caused them to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.
63:15 Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where are thy zeal and thy mighty acts? the yearning of thy heart and thy compassions are restrained toward me.
63:16 For thou art our Father, though Abraham knoweth us not, and Israel doth not acknowledge us: thou, O Jehovah, art out Father; our Ransomer from everlasting is thy name.
63:17 O Jehovah, why dost thou make us to err from thy ways, and hardenest our heart from thy awe? Return for thy servants’ sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.
63:18 Thy holy people possessed it but a little while: our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary.
63:19 We are become as they over whom thou never barest rule, as they that were not called by thy name.
64:1 Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might 678quake at thy presence,
678Or, flow down before thy face, or, …at thy presence,64:2 as when fire kindleth the brushwood, and the fire causeth the waters to boil; to make thy name known to thine adversaries, that the nations may tremble at thy presence!
64:3 When thou didst terrifying things which we looked not for, thou camest down; the mountains quaked at thy presence.
64:4 For from of old men have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, neither hath the eye 679seen a God besides thee, who worketh for him that waiteth for him.
679Or, seen, O God, besides thee, one that worketh etc.64:5 Thou 680meetest him that rejoiceth and worketh righteousness, those that remember thee in thy ways: behold, thou wast wroth, and we sinned: 681in them have we been of long time; and shall we be saved?
680Or, sparest64:6 For we are all become as one that is unclean, and all our righteousnesses are as a polluted garment: and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, take us away.
681Or, in those is continuance, and we shall be saved. ARV comments, The Hebrew is obscure.
64:7 And there is none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee; for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast 682consumed us by means of our iniquities.
682Hb. melted64:8 But now, O Jehovah, thou art our Father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.
64:9 Be not wroth very sore, O Jehovah, neither remember iniquity for ever: behold, look, we beseech thee, we are all thy people.
64:10 Thy holy cities are become a wilderness, Zion is become a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation.
64:11 Our holy and our beautiful house, where our fathers praised thee, is burned with fire; and all our pleasant places are laid waste.
64:12 Wilt thou refrain thyself for these things, O Jehovah? wilt thou hold thy peace, and afflict us very sore?
65:1 I 683am inquired of by them that asked not for me; I 684am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation 685that was not called by my name.
683Or, was inquired of by them65:2 I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, that walk in a way that is not good, after their own thoughts;
684Or, was found
685Or with different points, that hath not called upon my name.
65:3 a people that provoke me to my face continually, sacrificing in gardens, and burning incense upon bricks;
65:4 that 686sit among the graves, and lodge in the 687secret places; that eat swine’s flesh, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels;
686Or, dwell65:5 that say, Stand by thyself, come not near to me, for I am holier than thou. These are a smoke in my nose, a fire that burneth all the day.
65:6 Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, yes, I will recompense into their bosom,
65:7 your own iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together, saith Jehovah, that have burned incense upon the mountains, and 688blasphemed me upon the hills: therefore will I 689first measure their work into their bosom.
688Or, defied me65:8 Thus saith Jehovah, As the new wine is found in the cluster, and one saith, Destroy it not, for a blessing is in it: so will I do for my servants’ sakes, that I may not destroy them all.
689Or, measure their former work
65:9 And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains; and my chosen shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there.
65:10 And Sharon shall be a 690fold of flocks, and the valley of Achor a place for herds to lie down in, for my people that have sought me.
690Or, pasture65:11 But ye that forsake Jehovah, that forget my holy mountain, that prepare a table for 691Fortune, and that fill up 692mingled wine unto 693Destiny;
691Hb. Gad, See Ge 30:11.65:12 I will destine you to the sword, and ye shall all bow down to the slaughter; because when I called, ye did not answer; when I spake, ye did not hear; but ye did that which was evil in mine eyes, and chose that wherein I delighted not.
692So Massoretic Sept., (Aram.). 1QIsaa Vg. read drink-offerings
65:13 Therefore thus saith the Lord Jehovah, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry; behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty; behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be put to shame;
65:14 behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall wail for 694vexation of spirit.
694Hb. breaking65:15 And ye shall leave your name for 695a curse unto my chosen; and the Lord Jehovah will slay thee; and he will call his servants by another name:
695Hb. an oath65:16 so that he who blesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of 696truth; and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from mine eyes.
696Hb. Amen; (both times) See 2Co 1:20; Rv 3:14.65:17 For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth; and the former things shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.
65:18 But be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create; for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy.
65:19 And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people; and there shall be heard in her no more a voice of weeping and a voice of crying.
65:20 There shall be no more thence an infant of many days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days; for the child shall die a hundred years old, and the sinner being a hundred years old shall be accursed.
65:21 And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them.
65:22 They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as 697the days of the tree shall be the days of my people, and my chosen shall 698long enjoy the work of their hands.
697Some live bristlecone pines are over 4,000 years old.65:23 They shall not labor in vain, nor bring forth for 699calamity; for they are the seed of the blessed of Jehovah, and their offspring 700with them.
698Hb. wear out
699Or, sudden terror;65:24 And it shall come to pass that, before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear.
700Or, shall be with them.
65:25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and a lion shall eat straw like the ox; and dust shall be the serpent’s food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith Jehovah.
66:1 Thus saith Jehovah, The heavens are my throne, and the earth is my footstool: what manner of house will ye build unto me? and what place shall be my rest?
66:2 For all these things hath my hand made, and so all these things came to be, saith Jehovah: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and that trembleth at my word.
66:3 He that killeth an ox is as he that slayeth a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, as he that breaketh a dog’s neck; he that offereth an oblation, as he that offereth swine’s blood; he that 701burneth frankincense, as he that blesseth an idol. Yes, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations:
701Hb. maketh a memorial of frankincense,66:4 I also will choose their 702delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none did answer; when I spake, they did not hear: but they did that which was evil in mine eyes, and chose that wherein I delighted not.
702Or, mockings,66:5 Hear the word of Jehovah, ye that tremble at his word: Your brethren that hate you, that cast you out for my name’s sake, have said, Let Jehovah be glorified, that we may see your joy; but it is they that shall be put to shame.
66:6 A voice of tumult from the city, a voice from the temple, a voice of Jehovah that rendereth recompense to his enemies.
66:7 Before she travailed, she brought forth; before her pain came, she was delivered of a man-child.
66:8 Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall a land be born in one day? shall a nation be brought forth at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children.
66:9 Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth? saith Jehovah: shall I that cause to bring forth shut the womb? saith thy God.
66:10 Rejoice ye with Jerusalem, and be glad for her, all ye that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all ye that mourn over her;
66:11 that ye may suck and be satisfied with the breasts of her consolations; that ye may milk out, and be delighted with the abundance of her glory.
66:12 For thus saith Jehovah, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the nations like an overflowing stream: 703and ye shall suck thereof; ye shall be borne upon the side, and shall be dandled upon the knees.
703Or, then shall ye suck, ye shall be borne etc.66:13 As one whom his mother comforteth, so will I comfort you; and ye shall be comforted in Jerusalem.
66:14 And ye shall see it, and your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like the tender grass: and the hand of Jehovah shall be known toward his servants; and he will have indignation against his enemies.
66:15 For, behold, Jehovah will come 704with fire, and his chariots shall be like the whirlwind; to render his anger with fierceness, and his rebuke with flames of fire.
704Or, in66:16 For by fire will Jehovah execute judgment, and by his sword, upon all flesh; and the slain of Jehovah shall be many.
66:17 They that sanctify themselves and purify themselves 705to go unto the gardens, behind 706one in the midst, eating swine’s flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, they shall come to an end together, saith Jehovah.
705Or, in the gardens,66:18 For I know their works and their thoughts: the time cometh, that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come, and shall see my glory.
706So Hbtxt 1QIsab,a (Aram.) [one officiating priest (masc.)]. Hbmg, some Massoretic mss. read one tree (or, Asherah; (fem.) See Dt 16:21).
66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send such as escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the nations.
66:20 And they shall bring all your brethren out of all the nations for an oblation unto Jehovah, upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and upon mules, and upon dromedaries, to my holy mountain Jerusalem, saith Jehovah, as the children of Israel bring their oblation in a clean vessel into the house of Jehovah.
66:21 And of them also will I take for priests and Levites, saith Jehovah.
66:22 For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, saith Jehovah, so shall your seed and your name remain.
66:23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith Jehovah.
66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the dead bodies of the men that have transgressed against me: for their scarlet worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.