1Gk. the brother,1:2 unto the church of God which is at Corinth, even them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called saints, with all that call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place, their Lord and ours:
1:3 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
1:4 I thank 2my God always concerning you, for the grace of God which was given you in Christ Jesus;
2ℵB almost alone omit my1:5 that in everything ye were enriched in him, in all 3utterance and all knowledge;
3Gk. λογος, logos, word1:6 even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you:
1:7 so that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ;
1:8 who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye be unreprovable in the day of our Lord Jesus 4Christ.
4p46B virtually alone omit Christ.1:9 God is faithful, through whom ye were called into the 5fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
5Or, communion or, joint participation1:10 Now I beseech you, brethren, through the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no 6divisions among you; but that ye be perfected together in the same mind and in the same judgment.
6Gk. schisms1:11 For it hath been signified unto me concerning you, my brethren, by them that are of the household of Chloe, that there are contentions among you.
1:12 Now this I mean, that each one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.
1:13 7Has Christ been divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized into the name of Paul?
7Or, Christ has been divided! So ℵBCA 1739 33 81 1506 and most lesser Gk. mss., copbo vg (arm). p46vid 2464 copsa read Christ has not been divided!1:14 8I thank God that I baptized none of you, save Crispus and Gaius;
8So C 1506 and most lesser Gk. mss., vg. A 33 81 arm read I thank my God that ℵ*B 1739 read I give thanks that1:15 lest any man should say that ye were baptized into my name.
1:16 And I baptized also the household of Stephanas: besides, I know not whether I baptized any other.
1:17 For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to 9preach the gospel: not in wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made void.
9Gk. bring good tidings: Compare Mt 11:5.1:18 For the word of the cross is to them that 10are perishing foolishness; but unto us who 11are being saved it is the power of God.
10Or, perish1:19 For it is written, 12I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, And the discernment of the discerning will I bring to nought.
11Or, are saved
12Is 29:14.1:20 Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the 13disputant of this age? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?
13Lit. learned person in discussion, as at a forum1:21 For seeing that in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom knew not God, it was God’s good pleasure through the foolishness of the 14preaching to save them that believe.
14Gk. thing preached1:22 Seeing that Jews ask for signs, and Greeks seek after wisdom:
1:23 but we preach 15Christ crucified, unto Jews a stumblingblock, and unto Gentiles foolishness;
15Or, a Messiah1:24 but unto 16them that are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
16Gk. the called themselves1:25 Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men.
1:26 For 17behold your calling, brethren, that not many wise after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called:
17Or, ye behold1:27 but God chose the foolish things of the world, that he might put to shame them that are wise; and God chose the weak things of the world, that he might put to shame the things that are strong;
1:28 and the base things of the world, and the things that are despised, did God choose, yes, 18the things that are not regarded, that he might bring to nought the things that are:
18So p46ℵ*C*A 1739 33 1175. B 81 1506 and most lesser Gk. mss., copbo arm vg read and the things1:29 that no flesh should glory before God.
1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who was made unto us wisdom from God, 19and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption:
19Or, both righteousness and sanctification and redemption: or, as well as righteousness etc.1:31 that, according as it is written, 20He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
20Jr 9:23f.[1Cor 2]
2:1 And I, brethren, when I came unto you, came not with excellency of 21speech or of wisdom, proclaiming to you the 22mystery of God.
21Or, word Compare ch. 1:5.2:2 for I determined not to 23know anything among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified.
22So p46vid ℵ*CA copbo. But B 1739 33 81 1506 and most lesser Gk. mss., copsa arm vg read testimony
23Lit. see (οραω: ειδεναι) Or, be knowledgeable of or, present2:3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.
2:4 And my 24speech and my 25preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
24Or, word2:5 that your faith should not 26stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.
25Gk. thing preached
26Gk. be2:6 We speak wisdom, however, among 27them that are fullgrown: yet a wisdom not of this age, nor of the rulers of this age, who are coming to nought:
27Or, the perfect ones:2:7 but we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, even the wisdom that hath been hidden, which God foreordained before the ages unto our glory:
2:8 which none of the rulers of this age hath known: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory:
2:9 but as it is written, 28Things which eye saw not, and ear heard not, And which entered not into the heart of man, Whatsoever things God prepared for them that love him.
28Is 64:4; 65:17.2:10 29But unto us God revealed 30them through the Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yes, the deep things of God.
29So ℵCA 33 81 1506 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., arm vg. p46vidB 1739 copsa read For2:11 For who among men knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of the man, which is in him? even so the things of God none knoweth, save the Spirit of God.
2:12 But we received not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is from God; that we might know the things that were freely given to us of God.
2:13 Which things also we speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Spirit teacheth; 31comparing spiritual things with spiritual things.
31Or perhaps, comparative studies of spiritual things.2:14 Now 32the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him; and he cannot know them, because they are spiritually 33discerned.
32Lit. a man of the soul or, self-centered man2:15 But he that is spiritual discerneth all things, and he himself is discerned by no man.
33Or, researched. or, judged. Similarly twice in vs. 15.
2:16 For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
3:1 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto fleshly, as unto babes in Christ.
3:2 I fed you with milk, not with meat; for ye were not yet able to bear it: no, not 34even now are ye able;
34So p11vidℵCA 048 33 81 cop vg. B (1739*) 1506 0185 arm almost alone omit even now3:3 for ye are yet fleshly: for whereas there is among you jealousy and strife, are ye not fleshly, and do ye not walk after the manner of men?
3:4 For when one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not men?
3:5 What then is Apollos? and what is Paul? Ministers through whom ye believed; and each as the Lord gave to him.
3:6 I planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.
3:7 So then neither is he that planteth anything, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
3:8 Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: but each shall receive his own reward according to his own labor.
3:9 For we are God’s fellow-workers: ye are God’s 35husbandry, God’s building.
35Gk. tilled land,3:10 According to the grace of God which was given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder I laid a foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let each man take heed how he buildeth thereon.
3:11 For other foundation can no man lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
3:12 But if any man buildeth on the foundation gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay, stubble;
3:13 each man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it is revealed in fire; 36and the fire itself shall prove each man’s work of what sort it is.
36Or, and each man’s work, of what sort it is, the fire shall prove it.3:14 If any man’s work shall abide which he built thereon, he shall receive a reward.
3:15 If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as through fire.
3:16 Know ye not that ye are a 37temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
37Or, sanctuary (ναος, temple house) and both times in vs. 17.3:17 If any man destroyeth the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, and 38such are ye.
38Or, which temple ye are.3:18 Let no one deceive himself. If any one thinketh that he is wise among you in this age, let him become a fool, that he may become wise.
3:19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, 39He that taketh the wise in their craftiness:
39Job 5:13.3:20 and again, 40The Lord knoweth the reasonings of the wise, that they are vain.
40Ps 94:11.3:21 Wherefore let no one glory in men. For all things are yours;
3:22 whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are yours;
3:23 and ye are Christ’s; and Christ is God’s.
4:1 Let a man so account of us, as of attendants of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.
4:2 Here, moreover, it is required in stewards, that a man be found faithful.
4:3 But with me it is a very small thing that I should be 41judged of you, or of man’s day of judgment: yes, I judge not mine own self.
41Or, examined of you, … yes, I examine not4:4 For I know nothing against myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that 42judgeth me is the Lord.
42Or, examineth4:5 Wherefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who will both bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and make manifest the counsels of the hearts; and then shall each man have his praise from God.
4:6 Now these things, brethren, I have 43referenced to myself and Apollos for your sakes; that in us ye might learn not to go beyond the things which are written; that no one of you be puffed up for the one against the other.
43Lit. I have changed the figure to myself and Apollos4:7 For who maketh thee to differ? and what hast thou that thou didst not receive? but if thou didst receive it, why dost thou glory as if thou hadst not received it?
4:8 Already are ye filled, already ye are become rich, ye have come to reign without us: yes and I would that ye did reign, that we also might reign with you.
4:9 For, I think, God hath set forth us the apostles last of all, as men doomed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, 44both to angels and men.
44Or, and to angels, and to men.4:10 We are fools for Christ’s sake, but ye are wise in Christ; we are weak, but ye are strong; ye have glory, but we have dishonor.
4:11 Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwelling-place;
4:12 and we toil, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we endure;
4:13 being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the 45filth of the world, the offscouring of all things, even until now.
45Or, refuse4:14 I write not these things to shame you, but to admonish you as my beloved children.
4:15 For though ye have ten thousand 46guardians in Christ, yet have ye not many fathers; for in Christ Jesus I begat you through the 47gospel.
46Gk. paidagogues. See footnote on Ga 3:24.4:16 I beseech you therefore, be ye imitators of me.
47Gk. good tidings. See marginal note on Mt 4:23.
4:17 For this cause have I sent unto you Timothy, who is my beloved and faithful child in the Lord, who shall put you in remembrance of my ways which are in 48Christ Jesus, even as I teach everywhere in every church.
48So p46ℵC 1739 33 81 1175 copbo arm. BA and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa vg omit Jesus4:18 Now some are puffed up, as though I were not coming to you.
4:19 But I will come to you shortly, if the Lord will; and I will know, not the word of them that are puffed up, but the power.
4:20 For the kingdom of God is not in word, but in power.
4:21 What will ye? shall I come unto you with a rod, or in love and a spirit of gentleness?
5:1 It is actually reported that there is fornication among you, and such fornication as is not even among the Gentiles, that one of you hath his father’s wife.
5:2 And 49ye are puffed up, and 50did not rather mourn, that he that hath done this deed might be taken away from among you.
49Or, are ye puffed up?5:3 For I truly, being absent in body but present in spirit, have already as though I were present judged him that hath so wrought this thing,
50Or, did ye not rather mourn, ... you?
5:4 in the name of our Lord Jesus, ye being gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of 51our Lord Jesus,
51So B 1739 1175 D* virtually alone. A reads the Lord Jesus, ℵ reads the Lord Jesus Christ, p46 33 and most lesser Gk. mss., cop arm vg read our Lord Jesus Christ, 81 reads Jesus Christ our Lord,5:5 to deliver such a one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of 52the Lord.
52So p46B 1739 virtually alone. ℵ 81 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg read the Lord Jesus. A 33 1881 (D)G cop arm read our Lord Jesus Christ.5:6 Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?
5:7 Purge out the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, even as ye are unleavened. For our passover also hath been sacrificed, even Christ:
5:8 wherefore let us 53keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
53Gk. keep festival5:9 I wrote unto you in my epistle to have no company with fornicators;
5:10 54not at all meaning with the fornicators of this world, or with the covetous and extortioners, or with idolaters; for then must ye needs go out of the world:
54Or, not altogether with the fornicators etc.5:11 but 55as it is, I wrote unto you not to keep company, if any man that is named a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such a one no, not to eat.
55Or, now I write5:12 For what have I to do with judging them that are without? Do not ye judge them that are within?
5:13 But them that are without God judgeth. Put away the wicked man from among yourselves.
6:1 Dare any of you, having a matter against 56another, go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints?
56Gk. the other, See Ro 13:8 and its footnote.6:2 Or know ye not that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world is to be judged by you, are ye unworthy 57to judge the smallest matters?
57Gk. of the smallest tribunals? (κριτηριων)6:3 Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?
6:4 If then ye have 58to judge things pertaining to this life, 59do ye set them to judge who are of no account in the church?
58Gk. tribunals pertaining to6:5 I say this to move you to shame. 60What, cannot there be found among you one wise man who shall be able to decide between his brethren,
59Or, set them to judge who are of no account in the church.
60Or, Is it so, that there cannot be found among you6:6 but brother goeth to law with brother, and that before unbelievers?
6:7 No, already it is altogether 61a defect in you, that ye have lawsuits one with another. Why not rather take wrong? why not rather be defrauded?
61Or, a loss to you,6:8 No, but ye yourselves do wrong, and defraud, and that your brethren.
6:9 Or know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with men,
6:10 nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
6:11 And such were some of you: but ye 62were washed, but ye were sanctified, but ye were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and in the Spirit of our God.
62Gk. washed yourselves,6:12 All things are lawful for me; but not all things are expedient. All things are lawful for me; but I will not be brought under the power of any.
6:13 Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall bring to nought both it and them. But the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body:
6:14 and God both raised the Lord, and will raise up us through his power.
6:15 Know ye not that your bodies are members of Christ? shall I then take away the members of Christ, and make them members of a harlot? Be it not so.
6:16 Or know ye not that he that is joined to a harlot is one body? for, 63The twain, saith he, shall become one flesh.
63Ge 2:24.6:17 But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.
6:18 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.
6:19 Or know ye not that your body is a 64temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which ye have from God? and ye are not your own;
64Or, sanctuary (ναος, temple house)6:20 for ye were bought with a price: glorify God therefore in your body.
7:1 Now concerning the things whereof ye wrote: It is good for a man not to touch a woman.
7:2 But, because of fornications, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband.
7:3 Let the husband render unto the wife her due: and likewise also the wife unto the husband.
7:4 The wife hath not 65authority over her own body, but the husband: and likewise also the husband hath not authority over his own body, but the wife.
65Or, power (both times).7:5 Defraud ye not one the other, except it be by consent for a season, that ye may give yourselves unto prayer, and may be together again, that Satan tempt you not because of your incontinency.
7:6 But this I say by way of concession, not of commandment.
7:7 66Yet I would that all men were even as I myself. Howbeit each man hath his own gift from God, one after this manner, and another after that.
66So p46ℵCA 81 copbo vg. B 1739 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa arm read For7:8 But I say to the unmarried and to widows, It is good for them if they abide even as I.
7:9 But if they have not continency, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn.
7:10 But unto the married I give charge, yet not I, but the Lord, That the wife not 67separate from her husband
67Or, desert And similarly in vss. 11, 15 (twice)7:11 (but should she separate, let her remain unmarried, or else be reconciled to her husband); and that the husband not send his wife away.
7:12 But to the rest say I, not the Lord: If any brother hath an unbelieving wife, and she is content to dwell with him, let him not send her away.
7:13 And the woman that hath an unbelieving husband, and he is content to dwell with her, let her not send her husband away.
7:14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified in the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified in the brother: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy.
7:15 Yet if the unbelieving separateth, let him separate: the brother or the sister is not under bondage in such cases: but God hath called 68us in peace.
68So p46B 1739 33 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa,fay arm vg. ℵ*CA 81 copbo read you7:16 For how knowest thou, O wife, whether thou shalt save thy husband? or how knowest thou, O husband, whether thou shalt save thy wife?
7:17 Only, as the Lord hath distributed to each man, as God hath called each, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all the churches.
7:18 Was any man called being circumcised? let him not become uncircumcised. Hath any been called in uncircumcision? let him not be circumcised.
7:19 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing; but the keeping of the commandments of God.
7:20 Let each man abide in that calling wherein he was called.
7:21 Wast thou called being a bondservant? care not for it: 69no, even if thou canst become free, 70use it rather.
69Or, but if indeed thou canst7:22 For he that was called in the Lord being a bondservant, is the Lord’s freedman: likewise he that was called being free, is Christ’s bondservant.
70Or, employ the funds wisely instead.
7:23 Ye were bought with a price; become not bondservants of men.
7:24 Brethren, let each man, wherein he was called, therein abide with God.
7:25 Now concerning virgins I have no commandment of the Lord: but I give my judgment, as one that hath obtained mercy of the Lord to be trustworthy.
7:26 I think therefore that this is good by reason of the distress that is upon us, namely, that it is good for a man 71to be as he is.
71Gk. so to be.7:27 Art thou bound unto a wife? seek not to be 72loosed. Art thou loosed from a wife? seek not a wife.
72Or, untied or, divorced (both places)7:28 But shouldest thou marry, thou hast not sinned; and if a virgin marry, she hath not sinned. Yet such shall have tribulation in the flesh: and I would spare you.
7:29 But this I say, brethren, the time 73is shortened, that henceforth both those that have wives may be as though they had none;
73Or, is shortened henceforth, that both those etc.7:30 and those that weep, as though they wept not; and those that rejoice, as though they rejoiced not; and those that buy, as though they possessed not;
7:31 and those that use the world, as not using it to the full: for the fashion of this world passeth away.
7:32 But I would have you to be free from cares. He that is unmarried is careful for the things of the Lord, how he may please the Lord:
7:33 but he that is married is careful for the things of the world, how he may please his wife,
7:34 and is divided. So also the 74unmarried woman and the 75virgin is careful for the things of the Lord, that she may be holy both in body and in spirit: but she that is married is careful for the things of the world, how she may please her husband.
74Or, unmarried woman, even the virgin, etc.7:35 And this I say for your own profit; not that I may cast a 76snare upon you, but for that which is seemly, and that ye may attend upon the Lord without distraction.
75So p15B 1175 copsa vg. p46ℵA 1739 33 81 read unmarried virgin
76Or, constraint Gk. noose7:36 But if any man thinketh that he behaveth himself unseemly toward his 77virgin daughter, if she be past the flower of her age, and if need so requireth, let him do what he will; he sinneth not; let them marry.
77Or, virgin, Also in vss. 37, 38.7:37 But he that standeth stedfast in his heart, having no necessity, but hath power as touching his own will, and hath determined this in his own heart, to keep his own virgin daughter, shall do well.
7:38 So then both he that giveth his own virgin daughter in marriage doeth well; and he that giveth her not in marriage shall do better.
7:39 A wife is bound for so long time as her husband liveth; but if the husband be 78dead, she is free to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord.
78Gk. fallen asleep, See Ac 7:60 [Stephen] fell asleep.7:40 But she is happier if she abide as she is, after my judgment: and I think that I also have the Spirit of God.
8:1 Now concerning things sacrificed to idols: We know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffeth up, but love 79edifieth.
79Gk. buildeth up.8:2 If any man thinketh that he knoweth anything, he knoweth not yet as he ought to know;
8:3 but if any man loveth God, the same is known by him.
8:4 concerning therefore the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that no idol is anything in the world, and that there is no God but one.
8:5 For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or on earth; as there are gods many, and lords many;
8:6 yet to us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we unto him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and we through him.
8:7 Howbeit there is not in all men that knowledge: but some, being until now used to the idol, eat as of a thing sacrificed to an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled.
8:8 But food will not 80commend us to God: neither, if we eat not, 81are we the worse; nor, if we eat, 82are we the better.
80Gk. present us8:9 But take heed lest by any means this 83liberty of yours become a stumblingblock to the weak.
81Gk. do we lack
82Gk. do we abound
83Or, power8:10 For if a man see thee who hast knowledge sitting at meat in an idol’s temple, will not his conscience, if he is weak, 84be emboldened to eat things sacrificed to idols?
84Gk. be builded up8:11 For 85through thy knowledge he that is weak perisheth, the brother for whose sake Christ died.
85Gk. in8:12 And thus, sinning against the brethren, and wounding their conscience when it is weak, ye sin against Christ.
8:13 Wherefore, if meat causeth my brother to stumble, I will eat no flesh for evermore, that I cause not my brother to stumble.
9:1 Am I not free? am I not an apostle? have I not seen Jesus our Lord? are not ye my work in the Lord?
9:2 If to others I am not an apostle, yet at least I am to you; for the seal of mine apostleship are ye in the Lord.
9:3 My defence to them that examine me is this.
9:4 Have we no right to eat and to drink?
9:5 Have we no right to lead about a wife that is a 86believer, 87even as the rest of the apostles, even the brethren of the Lord, even Cephas?
86Gk. sister,9:6 Or I only and Barnabas, have we not a right to forbear working?
87Or, and (three times)
9:7 What soldier ever serveth at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not the fruit thereof? or who feedeth a flock and eateth not of the milk of the flock?
9:8 Do I speak these things after the manner of men? or saith not the law also the same?
9:9 For it is written in the law of Moses, 88Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn. Is it for the oxen that God careth,
88Dt 25:4.9:10 or saith he it 89assuredly for our sake? Yes, for our sake it was written: because he that ploweth ought to plow in hope, and he that thresheth, to thresh in hope of partaking.
89Or, altogether9:11 If we sowed unto you spiritual things, is it a great matter if we shall reap your carnal things?
9:12 If others partake of this right over you, do not we yet more? Nevertheless we did not use this right; but we bear all things, that we may cause no hindrance to the 90gospel of Christ.
90See marginal note on ch. 4:15. (and so everywhere)9:13 Know ye not that they that minister about sacred things eat of the things of the temple, and they that wait upon the altar have their portion with the altar?
9:14 Even so did the Lord ordain that they that proclaim the gospel should live of the gospel.
9:15 But I have used none of these things: and I write not these things that it may be so done in my case; for it were good for me rather to die, than that any man should make my glorying void.
9:16 For if I 91preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of; for necessity is laid upon me; for woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel.
91See marginal note on ch. 1:17. (and so everywhere)9:17 For if I do this of mine own will, I have a reward: but if not of mine own will, I have a stewardship entrusted to me.
9:18 What then is my reward? That, when I preach the gospel, I may make the gospel without charge, so as not to use to the full my authority in the gospel.
9:19 For though I be free from all men, I brought myself under bondage to all, that I might gain the more.
9:20 And to the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law, not being myself under the law, that I might gain them that are under the law;
9:21 to them that are without law, as without law, not being without law to God, but under law to Christ, that I might gain them that are without law.
9:22 to the weak I became weak, that I might gain the weak: I am become all things to all men, that I may by all means save some.
9:23 And I do all things for the gospel’s sake, that I may become a joint partaker thereof.
9:24 Know ye not that they that run in a 92race all run, but only one receiveth the prize? Even so run; that ye may attain.
92Gk. race course9:25 And every man that striveth in the games exerciseth self-control in all things. Now they do it to receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.
9:26 I therefore so run, as not uncertainly; so 93fight I, as not beating the air:
93 Gk. box9:27 but I 94buffet my body, and bring it into bondage: lest by any means, after that I 95have preached to others, I myself should become 96disapproved.
94 Gk. bruise Lk 18:5.[1Cor 10]
95Or, have been a herald to others,
96Gk. rejected as a misstruck coin.
10:1 For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;
10:2 and were all baptized 97unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
97Gk. into10:3 and did all eat the same spiritual food;
10:4 and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock 98was 99Christ.
98Or, represented See marginal note on Mt 26:26.10:5 Howbeit with most of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.
99Or, the Christ. Compare Hb 11:26.
10:6 Now these things were 100types of us, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, even as they lusted.
100Or possibly, our examples,10:7 Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, 101The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
101 Ex 32:6.10:8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day twenty-three thousand.
10:9 Neither let us make trial of the 102Lord, as some of them made trial, and perished by the serpents.
102So ℵBC 33 arm. p46 1739 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa,bo vg read Christ, A 81 read God,10:10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them murmured, and perished by the destroyer.
10:11 Now these things happened unto them 103typically, and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages are come.
103Or, by way of example10:12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.
10:13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as man can bear: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation make also the way of escape, that ye may be able to endure it.
10:14 Wherefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry.
10:15 I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say.
10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not a 104communion of the blood of Christ? The 105bread which we break, is it not a communion of the body of Christ?
104Or, participation in (both times, and in vss. 18, 20)10:17 106seeing that we the many are one bread, one body: for we all partake 107of the one bread.
105Or, loaf (and both times in vs. 17)
106Or, seeing that there is one bread, we, who are many, are one body:10:18 Behold Israel after the flesh: have not they that eat the sacrifices communion with the altar?
10:19 what say I then? that a thing sacrificed to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything?
10:20 But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have communion with the demons.
10:21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of demons: ye cannot partake of the table of the Lord, and of the table of demons.
10:22 Or do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?
10:23 All things are lawful; but not all things are expedient. All things are lawful; but not all things 108edify.
108Gk. build up.10:24 Let no man seek his own, but each 109his neighbor’s well-being.
109Gk. the other’s See Ro 13:8.10:25 Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, eat, asking no question for conscience sake;
10:26 for the earth is the Lord’s, and the fulness thereof.
10:27 If one of them that believe not biddeth you to a feast, and ye are disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience’ sake.
10:28 But if any man say unto you, This hath been offered in sacrifice, eat not, for his sake that showed it, and for conscience’ sake:
10:29 conscience, I say, not thine own, but the other’s; for why is my liberty judged by another’s conscience?
10:30 110If I partake with thankfulness, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks?
110Or, If I by grace partake,10:31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
10:32 Give no occasion of stumbling, either to Jews, or to Greeks, or to the church of God:
10:33 even as I also please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of the many, that they may be saved.
11:1 Be ye imitators of me, even as I also am of Christ.
11:2 Now I praise you that ye remember me in all things, and hold fast the 111instructions, even as I delivered them to you.
111Lit. detailed instructions handed down,11:3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.
11:4 Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoreth his head.
11:5 But every woman praying or prophesying with her head unveiled dishonoreth her head; for it is one and the same thing as if she were shaven.
11:6 For if a woman is not veiled, let her also be shorn: but if it is a shame to a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be veiled.
11:7 For a man indeed ought not to have his head veiled, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man.
11:8 For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man:
11:9 for neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man:
11:10 for this cause ought the woman to have a sign of authority on her head, because of the angels.
11:11 Nevertheless, neither is the woman without the man, nor the man without the woman, in the Lord.
11:12 For as the woman is of the man, so is the man also by the woman; but all things are of God.
11:13 Judge ye 112in yourselves: is it seemly that a woman pray unto God unveiled?
112Or, among yourselves.11:14 Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a dishonor to him?
11:15 But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering.
11:16 But if any man seemeth to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God.
11:17 But in giving you this charge, I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better but for the worse.
11:18 For first of all, when ye come together 113in the church, I hear that 114divisions exist among you; and I partly believe it.
113Or, in congregation,11:19 For there must be also 115factions among you, that they that are approved may be made manifest among you.
114Gk. schisms (σχισματα, schismata)
115Gk. heresies (αιρεσεις) Lit. choosings, esp. self-willed opinions (per W.E. Vine)11:20 When therefore ye assemble yourselves together, it is not possible to eat the Lord’s supper:
11:21 for in your eating each one taketh before other his own supper; and one is hungry, and another is drunken.
11:22 What, have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and put them to shame that 116have not? What shall I say to you? 117shall I praise you? In this I praise you not.
116Or, have nothing?11:23 For I received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which he was 118betrayed took bread;
117Or, shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.
118Or, delivered up11:24 and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, This 119is my body, which is for you: this do in remembrance of me.
119Or, represents and in vs. 25. (The verb ειμι is not a statement of absolute identity, as in ch. 10:4. E.g., see Thayer. Absence of a verb would have implied identity, as in ch. 4:10 and Ro 6:23.)11:25 In like manner also the cup, after supper, saying, This cup is the new covenant in my blood: this do, as often as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
11:26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink the cup, ye proclaim the Lord’s death till he come.
11:27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat the bread or drink the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord.
11:28 But let a man prove himself, and so let him eat of the bread, and drink out of the cup.
11:29 For he that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment unto himself, if he 120discern not the body.
120Gk. discriminate similarly in vs. 31.11:30 For this cause many among you are weak and sickly, and not a few now sleep.
11:31 But if we discerned ourselves, we should not be judged.
11:32 But 121when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we may not be condemned with the world.
121Or, when we are judged of the Lord, we are chastened.11:33 Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, wait one for another.
11:34 If any man is hungry, let him eat at home; that your coming together be not unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order whensoever I come.
12:1 Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant.
12:2 Ye know that when ye were Gentiles ye were led away unto those dumb idols, howsoever ye might be led.
12:3 Wherefore I make known unto you, that no man speaking in the Spirit of God saith, Jesus is 122a curse; and no man can say, Jesus is Lord, but in the Holy Spirit.
122Gk. anathema;12:4 Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.
12:5 And there are diversities of ministrations, and the same Lord.
12:6 And there are diversities of workings, but the same God, who worketh all things in all.
12:7 But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit to profit withal.
12:8 For to one is given through the Spirit the word of wisdom; and to another the word of knowledge, according to the same spirit:
12:9 to another faith, in the same Spirit; and to another gifts of healings, 123in the one Spirit;
123So BA (1739) 33 81 vg. ℵ and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., cop arm read in the same Spirit; p46 alone reads in the Spirit; C* omits.12:10 and to another workings of 124miracles; and to another prophecy; and to another discernings of spirits: to another diverse kinds of 125tongues; and to another the interpretation of tongues:
124Gk. powers;12:11 but all these worketh the one and the same Spirit, dividing to each one severally even as it will.
125Or, foreign languages; (and so elsewhere)
12:12 For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of the body, being many, are one body; so also is 126Christ.
126Lit. the Christ.12:13 For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether bond or free, and were all made to drink of one Spirit.
12:14 For the body is not one member, but many.
12:15 If the foot shall say, Because I am not a hand, I am not of the body; it is not therefore not of the body.
12:16 And if the ear shall say, Because I am not an eye, I am not of the body; it is not therefore not of the body.
12:17 If the whole body were an eye, where were the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where were the smelling?
12:18 But now hath God set the members each one of them in the body, even as it pleased him.
12:19 And if they were all one member, where were the body?
12:20 But now they are many members, but one body.
12:21 And the eye cannot say to the hand, I have no need of thee: or again the head to the feet, I have no need of you.
12:22 No, much rather, those members of the body which seem to be more feeble are necessary:
12:23 and those parts of the body which we think to be less honorable, upon these we 127bestow more abundant honor; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comliness;
127Or, put on12:24 whereas our comely parts have no need: but God tempered the body together, giving more abundant honor to that part which lacked;
12:25 that there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another.
12:26 And whether one member suffereth, all the members suffer with it; or a member is 128honored, all the members rejoice with it.
128Or, glorified,12:27 Now ye are the body of Christ, and 129severally members thereof.
129Or, members individually or, members each in his part12:28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondly prophets, thirdly teachers, after that 130miracles, after that gifts of healings, helps, 131leaderships, divers kinds of tongues.
130Gk. powers, and in vs. 29.12:29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles?
12:30 have all gifts of healings? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret?
12:31 But desire earnestly the greater gifts. And moreover a most excellent way show I unto you.
13:1 If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am become sounding brass, or a clanging cymbal.
13:2 And if I have the gift of prophecy, and know all mysteries and all knowledge; and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.
13:3 And if I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and if I give my body 132that I may glory, but have not love, it profiteth me nothing.
132So p46ℵBA (048) 1739* 33 copsa,bo. C 81 1175 read that I shall be burned, 2464 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg read that I might be burned,13:4 Love suffereth long, and is kind; love envieth not; love vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up,
13:5 doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not its own, is not provoked, taketh not account of evil;
13:6 rejoiceth not in unrighteousness, but rejoiceth with the truth;
13:7 133beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
133Or, covereth Compare 1Pt 4:8.13:8 Love never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall be done away; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall be done away.
13:9 For we know in part, and we prophesy in part;
13:10 but when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
13:11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I felt as a child, I thought as a child: now that I am become a man, I have put away childish things.
13:12 For now we see in a mirror, 134darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know fully even as also I was fully known.
134Gk. αινιγμα (ainigma) enigma, or, in a riddle;13:13 But now abideth faith, hope, love, these three: and the 135greatest of these is love.
135Gk. greater Compare Mt 18:1, 4; 23:11.[1Cor 14]
14:1 Follow after love; yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.
14:2 For he that speaketh in a 136tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God; for no man 137understandeth; but in spirit he speaketh mysteries.
136Or, foreign language (and so elsewhere)14:3 But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men edification, and 138exhortation, and consolation.
138Or, comfort,14:4 He that speaketh in a tongue 139edifieth only himself; but he that prophesieth edifieth the church.
139Gk. buildeth up (both times)14:5 Now I would have you all speak with tongues, but rather that ye should prophesy: and greater is he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church may receive edifying.
14:6 But now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you unless I speak to you either by way of revelation, or of knowledge, or of prophesying, or of teaching?
14:7 Even things without life, giving a voice, whether pipe or harp, if they give not a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped?
14:8 For if the trumpet give an uncertain voice, who shall prepare himself for war?
14:9 So also ye, unless ye utter by the tongue speech easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken? for ye will be speaking into the air.
14:10 There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and 140no kind is without signification.
140Or, nothing is without voice.14:11 If then, I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be to him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh will be a barbarian 141unto me.
141Or, in my case.14:12 So also ye, since ye are zealous of 142spiritual gifts, seek that ye may abound unto the edifying of the church.
142Gk. spirits,14:13 Wherefore let him that speaketh in a tongue pray that he may interpret.
14:14 For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is 143unfruitful.
143Or, beareth no fruit.14:15 What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.
14:16 Else if thou bless with the spirit, how shall he that filleth the place of 144the unlearned say the Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he knoweth not what thou sayest?
144Or, him that is without gifts and so in vss. 23, 24.14:17 For thou truly givest thanks well, but the other is not 145edified.
145Gk. builded up.14:18 I thank God, I speak with tongues more than you all:
14:19 howbeit in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that I might instruct others also, than ten thousand words in a tongue.
14:20 Brethren, be not children in mind: yet in malice be ye babes, but in mind be fullgrown.
14:21 In the law it is written, 146By men of strange tongues and by the lips of strangers will I speak unto this people; and not even thus will they hear me, saith the Lord.
146Is 28:11f.14:22 Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to the unbelieving: but prophesying is for a sign, not to the unbelieving, but to them that believe.
14:23 If therefore the whole church be assembled together and all speak with tongues, and there come in men unlearned or unbelieving, will they not say that ye are mad?
14:24 But if all prophesy, and there come in one unbelieving or unlearned, he is 147reproved by all, he is 148judged by all;
147Or, convicted14:25 the secrets of his heart become manifest; and so he will fall down on his face and worship God, declaring that God is 149among you indeed.
149Or, in14:26 What is it then, brethren? When ye come together, each one hath a psalm, hath a teaching, hath a revelation, hath a tongue, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.
14:27 If any man speaketh in a tongue, let it be by two, or at the most three, and that in turn; and let one interpret:
14:28 but if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God.
14:29 And let the prophets speak by two or three, and let the others 150discern.
150Gk. discriminate.14:30 But if a revelation be made to another sitting by, let the first keep silence.
14:31 For ye all can prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be 151exhorted;
151Or, comforted;14:32 and the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets;
14:33 for God is not a God of confusion, but of peace. As in all the churches of the saints,
14:34 let the women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them 152to speak; but let them be in subjection, as also 153saith the law.
152Or, to make speeches; Cf. vss. 6, 21, 29. Or, to chatter; as in ch. 13:11. The same in vs. 35.14:35 And if they would learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home: for it is shameful for a woman to speak in the church.
14:36 What? was it from you that the word of God went forth? or came it unto you alone?
14:37 If any man thinketh himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him take knowledge of the things which I write unto you, that 154it is a commandment of the Lord.
154So p46 (ℵ)B 048 A 33 0243 copbo. (81vid arm) and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa,fay vg read they are14:38 155But if any man is ignorant, he is being willfully ignorant.
155So ℵ* 048 A*vid 1739 33 0243 copsa,bo,fay. But p46B 81 and most lesser Gk. mss., arm read let him be ignorant. Compare ch. 8:3.14:39 Wherefore, my brethren, desire earnestly to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues.
14:40 But let all things be done decently and in order.
15:1 Now I make known unto you, brethren, the 156gospel which I 157preached unto you, which also ye received, wherein also ye stand,
156See marginal note on ch. 4:15.15:2 by which also ye are being saved, if ye hold fast 158the word which I preached unto you, except ye believed 159in vain.
157See marginal note on ch. 1:17. (also for vs. 2)
158Gk. with what word15:3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
159Or, without cause.
15:4 and that he was buried; and that he hath been raised on the third day according to the scriptures;
15:5 and that he appeared to Cephas; then to the twelve;
15:6 after that he appeared to above five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain until now, but some are fallen asleep;
15:7 after that he appeared to 160James; then to all the apostles;
160Or, Jacob;15:8 and last of all, as to the child untimely born, he appeared to me also.
15:9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me did not become 161vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God 162which was with me.
161Or, void; (and twice in vs. 14)15:11 Whether then it be I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.
162So A 33 81 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa,bo,fay arm. p46 virtually alone reads which was for me. ℵ*B 1739 0243 vg omit which was
15:12 Now if Christ is preached that he hath been raised from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?
15:13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, neither hath Christ been raised:
15:14 and if Christ hath not been raised, then is our preaching vain, 163your faith also is vain.
163So ℵA and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copbo arm vg. B 1739 33 81 0243 copfay read our15:15 Yes, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we witnessed of God that he raised up 164Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead are not raised.
164Gk. the Christ:15:16 For if the dead are not raised, neither hath Christ been raised:
15:17 and if Christ hath not been raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.
15:18 Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ have perished.
15:19 165If we have only hoped in Christ in this life, we are of all men most pitiable.
165Or, If in this life only we have hoped in Christ, etc.15:20 But now hath Christ been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of them that are asleep.
15:21 For since by a man cometh death, by a man cometh also the resurrection of the dead.
15:22 For 166as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all 167be made alive.
166Lit. as in the Adam all die, so also in the Christ shall all be made alive. Compare Ge 5:2?15:23 But each in his own order: 168Christ the firstfruits; after that they that are Christ’s 169in his presence.
167Or, be quickened. Cf. vss. 36, 45; Jo 5:21, Ro 8:11.
168Or, a firstfruit Christ (or, Anointed)15:24 Then cometh the end, whenever he shall deliver up the kingdom to 170God, even the Father; when he shall have abolished all rule and all authority and power.
169Or, during his presence.
170Or. the God and Father;15:25 For he must reign, till he hath put all his enemies under his feet.
15:26 The last enemy is to be abolished, even death.
15:27 For, He put all things in subjection under his feet. 171But when he saith, 172All things are put in subjection, it is evident that he is excepted who did subject all things unto him.
171Or, But when he shall have said, All things are put in subjection (evidently excepting him that did subject all things unto him), 28 when, I say, all things etc.15:28 And when all things have been subjected unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subjected to him that did subject all things unto him, that God may be all in all.
15:29 Else what shall they do that are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why then are they baptized for them?
15:30 why do we also stand in jeopardy every hour?
15:31 I protest by 173that glorying in you, 174brethren, which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.
173Or, your glorying,15:32 If after the manner of men I fought with beasts at Ephesus, 175what doth it profit me? If the dead are not raised, let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.
174So ℵBA 33 81 (cop) arm vg. p46 1739 0243 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. omit brethren,
175Or, what doth it profit me, if the dead are not raised? Let us eat etc.15:33 Be not deceived: Evil companionships corrupt good morals.
15:34 Awake to soberness righteously, and sin not; for some have no knowledge of God: I speak this to move you to shame.
15:35 But someone will say, How are the dead raised? and with what manner of body do they come?
15:36 Thou foolish one, that which thou thyself sowest is not 176quickened except it die:
176Or, made alive15:37 and that which thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that shall be, but a bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other kind;
15:38 but God giveth it a body even as it pleased him, and to each seed a body of its own.
15:39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fishes.
15:40 There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another.
15:41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differeth from another star in glory.
15:42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:
15:43 it is sown in dishonor; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:
15:44 it is sown a 177natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. 178If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.
177Gk. psychical soma; Or, body of the soul;15:45 So also it is written, 179The first man Adam became a living soul. The last Adam became a 180life-giving spirit.
178Lit. If there is a body of the soul, there is also a body of the spirit.
179Ge 2:7.15:46 Howbeit that is not first which is spiritual, but that which is 181natural; afterwards that which is spiritual.
181Gk. psychical; or, of the soul15:47 The first man is out of the earth, earthy: the second man182 is out of heaven.
182So ℵ*BC 1739* 33 0243 cop(sa),bo vg. A 81 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., arm add the Lord p46 virtually alone adds spiritual15:48 As was the earthy one, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly one, such are they also that are heavenly.
15:49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, 183we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
183So B I 1881 copsa almost alone. But p46ℵCA 1739 33 81 0243 copbo vg read let us also bear15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.
15:51 Behold, I tell you a mystery: 184We shall all fall asleep, but we shall not all be changed
184So ℵCA* 1739 33 0243* arm. B 81 and 575 lesser Gk. mss., cop read We shall not all fall asleep, but we shall all be changed p46 virtually alone reads We shall not all fall asleep, but neither shall we all be changed D* vg almost alone read We shall all be resurrected, but we shall not all be changed 436 and 6 lesser Gk. mss. read We shall all fall asleep, but we shall all be changed,15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, in the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
15:53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.
15:54 But when 185this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written, 186Death was swallowed up 187in victory.
185So B(C) 33 81 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss. p46ℵ* 1739* 0243 copbo vg omit, this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and A arm almost alone reverse the order of the two clauses.15:55 188O 189death, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting?
188Hos 13:14.15:56 But the sting of death is sin; and the power of sin is the law:
189So p46ℵ*BC 1739*vid copsa,bo vg. 33 81 0243 (arm) read Hades,
15:57 but thanks be to God, who giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
15:58 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labor is not 190vain in the Lord.
190Or, void[1Cor 16]
16:1 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I gave order to the churches of Galatia, so also do ye.
16:2 Upon the first day of the week let each one of you lay by him in store, as he may prosper, that no collections be made when I come.
16:3 And when I arrive, 191whomsoever ye shall approve, them will I send with the letters to carry your bounty unto Jerusalem:
191Or, whomsoever ye shall approve by letters, them will I send to carry your bounty etc.16:4 and if it be meet for me to go also, they shall go with me.
16:5 But I will come unto you, when I shall have passed through Macedonia;
16:6 but with you it may be that I shall abide, or even winter, that ye may set me forward on my journey whithersoever I go.
16:7 For I do not wish to see you now by the way; for I hope to tarry a while with you, if the Lord permit.
16:8 But I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost;
16:9 for a great door and effectual is opened unto me, and there are many adversaries.
16:10 Now if Timothy come, see that he be with you without fear: for he worketh the work of the Lord, as I also do:
16:11 let no man therefore despise him. But set him forward on his journey in peace, that he may come unto me: for I expect him with the brethren.
16:12 But as touching Apollos our brother, I besought him much to come unto you with the brethren: and it was not at all 192his will to come now; but he will come when he shall have opportunity.
192Or, God’s will that he should come now; Compare Ro 2:18 margin.16:13 Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, quit you like men, be strong.
16:14 Let all that ye do be done in love.
16:15 Now I beseech you, brethren (ye know the house of Stephanas, that it is the firstfruits of Achaia, and that they have set themselves to minister unto the saints),
16:16 that ye also be in subjection unto such, and to every one that helpeth in the work and laboreth.
16:17 And I rejoice at the presence of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus: for that which was lacking on your part they supplied.
16:18 For they refreshed my spirit and yours: acknowledge ye therefore them that are such.
16:19 The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Prisca salute you much in the Lord, with the church that is in their house.
16:20 All the brethren salute you. Salute one another with a holy kiss.
16:21 The salutation of me Paul with mine own hand.
16:22 If any man loveth not the Lord, let him be a curse. O Lord come!
16:23 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with you.
16:24 My love be with you all in Christ Jesus.193
193So B 33 81 0243 1881 copsa. ℵCA 1739 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copbo arm vg add Amen. Lit. Let it be so.