1Gk. the brother,1:2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
1:3 Blessed be 2the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort;
2See note on Ro 15:6.1:4 who comforteth us in all our affliction, that we may be able to comfort them that are in any affliction, through the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God.
1:5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound unto us, even so our comfort also aboundeth through Christ.
1:6 But whether we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; or whether we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which worketh in the patient enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer:
1:7 and our hope for you is stedfast; knowing that, as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so also are ye of the comfort.
1:8 For we would not have you ignorant, brethren, concerning our affliction which befell us in Asia, that we were weighed down exceedingly, beyond our power, insomuch that we despaired even of life:
1:9 3yes, we ourselves have had the 4sentence of death within ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God who raiseth the dead:
3Or, but we ourselves1:10 who delivered us out of so great a death, 5and will deliver: on whom we have 6set our hope that he will also still deliver us;
5So p46ℵBC 33 81 copsa,bo arm vg. 1739 0243 1881 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read and doth deliver: A D* omit these words.1:11 ye also helping together on our behalf by your supplication; that, for the gift bestowed upon us by means of many, thanks may be given by many persons on 7our behalf.
6So ℵCA 33 81 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa,bo arm vg. p46B 1739 0243 1881 read set our hope; and still will he deliver us;
7So ℵCA 1739 33 81 0243 copsa,bo arm vg. p46B 0150 read your behalf.1:12 For our glorying is this, the witness of our conscience, that in 8holiness and sincerity of God, not in fleshly wisdom but in the grace of God, we behaved ourselves in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
8So p46ℵ*BCA 1739 33 81 0243 copsa,bo arm. D and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg read simplicity1:13 For we write no other things unto you, than what ye read or even acknowledge, and I hope ye will acknowledge unto the end:
1:14 as also ye did acknowledge us in part, that we are your glorying, even as ye also are ours, in the day of 9our Lord Jesus.
9So ℵB 1739 33 81 0243 copsa,bo arm vg. p46CA and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read the Lord Jesus.1:15 And in this confidence I was minded to come first unto you, that ye might have a second 10benefit;
10Or. grace; So ℵ*CA 1739 33 0243 copsa arm vg. B 81 1175 copbo read joy.1:16 and by you to pass into Macedonia, and again from Macedonia to come unto you, and of you to be set forward on my journey unto Judea.
1:17 When I therefore was thus minded, did I show fickleness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose 11according to the flesh, that with me there should be the yes yes and the no no?
11Or, according to the flesh? that with me it may be, My yes means yes, and my no means no.1:18 But as God is faithful, our word toward you is not a vague yes and no.
1:19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you 12by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timothy, became not yes and no, but in him has become Yes!
12Gk. through (both times).1:20 For how many soever be the promises of God, in him is the Yes: wherefore also through him is the Amen, unto the glory of God through us.
1:21 Now he that establisheth us with you 13in Christ, and anointed us, is God;
13Gk. into1:22 14who also sealed us, and gave us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
14Or, seeing that he both sealed us and etc.1:23 But I call God for a witness upon my soul, that to spare you I forbare to come unto Corinth.
1:24 Not that we have lordship over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for in 15faith ye stand fast.
15Or, your faith[2Cor 2]
2:1 16But I determined this for myself, that I would not come again to you with sorrow.
16So ℵCA 81 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., arm vg. p46B 1739 33 0243 copbo read For2:2 For if I make you sorry, who then is he that maketh me glad but he that is made sorry by me?
2:3 And I wrote this very thing, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of you all.
2:4 For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears; not that ye should be made sorry, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you.
2:5 But if any hath caused sorrow, he hath caused sorrow, not to me, but in part (that I press not too heavily) to you all.
2:6 Sufficient to such a one is this punishment which was inflicted by 17the majority;
17Gk. the more;2:7 so that contrariwise 18ye should rather forgive him and comfort him, lest by any means such a one should be swallowed up with his overmuch sorrow.
18So p46ℵC 1739 81 0243 and most, copbo arm vg. BA omit rather 1881 omits ye should2:8 Wherefore I beseech you to confirm your love toward him.
2:9 For to this end also did I write, that I might know the proof of 19you, 20whether ye are obedient in all things.
19So ℵC 1739 81 0243 and most. BA 33 read you, whereby ye p46 almost alone reads you. Ye2:10 But to whom ye forgive anything, I forgive also: for what I also have forgiven, if I have forgiven anything, for your sakes have I forgiven it in the 21person of Christ;
20BA 33 almost alone read whereby p46 almost alone omits whether (read: that)
21Gk. face2:11 that no advantage may be gained over us by Satan: for we are not ignorant of his devices.
2:12 Now when I came to Troas for the 22gospel of Christ, and when a door was opened unto me in the Lord,
22Gk. good tidings see marginal note on Mt 4:232:13 I had no relief for my spirit, because I found not Titus my brother: but taking my leave of them, I went forth into Macedonia.
2:14 But thanks be unto God, who always leadeth us in triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest through us the savor of his knowledge in every place.
2:15 For we are a sweet savor of Christ unto God, in them that 23are being saved, and in them that are perishing;
23Or perhaps, are saved, and in them that perish;2:16 to the one a savor from death unto death; to the other a savor from life unto life. And who is sufficient for these things?
2:17 For we are not as the 24many, making merchandise of the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God, speak we in Christ.
24So ℵBCA 1739 33 81 0243 and most, cop vg. p46D arm read rest[2Cor 3]
3:1 Are we beginning again to commend ourselves? or need we, as do some, epistles of commendation to you or from you?
3:2 Ye are our epistles, written in 25our hearts, known and read of all men;
25So p46BCA 81 0243 cop arm vg. ℵ33 read your3:3 being made manifest that ye are an epistle of Christ, ministered by us, written not with an ink, but with a spirit of a living God; not in tables of stone, but in tables that are hearts of flesh.
3:4 And such confidence have we through Christ towards God:
3:5 not that we are sufficient of ourselves, to account anything as from ourselves; but our sufficiency is from God;
3:6 who also made us sufficient as ministers of a new covenant; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit maketh alive.
3:7 But if the ministration of death, 26written, and engraven on stones, came 27with glory, so that the sons of Israel could not look stedfastly upon the face of Moses for the glory of his face; which glory 28was passing away:
26Gk. in letters,3:8 how shall not rather the ministration of the spirit be with glory?
28Or, was being done away: Compare 1Co 13:8, 10.
3:9 For if 29to the ministration of condemnation be glory, much rather doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
29So p46ℵCA 1739 33 0243 1175 copsa. B 1881 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copbo vg omit to3:10 For verily that which hath been made glorious hath not been made glorious in this respect, by reason of the glory that surpasseth.
3:11 For if that which 30passeth away be 31with glory, much more that which remaineth is in glory.
30Or, is being done away See vs. 7 margin.3:12 Having therefore such a hope, we use great boldness of speech,
31Gk. through glory,
3:13 and are not as Moses, who put a veil upon his face, that the sons of Israel should not look stedfastly on the end of that 32which was passing away:
32Or, which is being done away: See note on vs. 7.3:14 but their 33minds were hardened: for until this very day at the reading of the old covenant the same veil 34remaineth, it not being revealed to them that it is done away in Christ.
33Gk. thoughts Ch. 4:4; 11:3.3:15 But unto this day, whensoever Moses is read, a veil lieth upon their heart.
34Or, remaineth unlifted; which veil is done away in Christ.
3:16 But whensoever 35it shall turn to the Lord, the veil is taken away.
35Or, their heart shall turn or, a man shall turn3:17 Now the Lord is the Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.
3:18 But we all, with unveiled face 36beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are transformed into the same image from glory to glory, even as from the Lord the Spirit.
36Or, reflecting as a mirror[2Cor 4]
4:1 Therefore seeing we have this ministry, even as we obtained mercy, we faint not:
4:2 but we have renounced the hidden things of shame, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by the manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God.
4:3 And even if our 37gospel is veiled, it is veiled in them that 38perish:
37See marginal note on ch. 2:12. (Also for vs. 4.)4:4 in whom the god of this 39world hath blinded the minds of the unbelieving, 40that the 41light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should not dawn.
38Or, are perishing:
39Gk. age (αιων, eon).4:5 For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves as your 42servants 43for Jesus’ sake.
40Or, that they should not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
41Gk. illumination and in vs. 6.
42Gk. bondservants Compare 1Co 9:19.4:6 Seeing it is God, that said, 44Light shall shine out of darkness, who shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
43So BA*vid 81 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss. But p46ℵC 1739 33 0243 copsa,bo vg read through Jesus. ℵa arm read through Christ.
44Ge 1:3.4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the exceeding greatness of the power may be of God, and not from ourselves;
4:8 we are pressed on every side, yet not straitened; perplexed, yet not unto despair;
4:9 pursued, yet not 45forsaken; smitten down, yet not destroyed;
45Or, left behind;4:10 always bearing about in the body the 46dying of Jesus, that the life also of Jesus may be manifested in our body.
46Gk. putting to death4:11 For we who live are always delivered unto death for Jesus’ sake, that the life also of Jesus may be manifested in our mortal flesh.
4:12 So then death worketh in us, but life in you.
4:13 But having the same spirit of faith, according to that which is written, 47I believed, and therefore did I speak; we also believe, and therefore also we speak;
47Ps 116:10.4:14 knowing that he that raised up 48the Lord Jesus shall raise up us also with Jesus, and shall present us with you.
48So ℵC 81 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copbo. p46B (1739 33 0243) copsa arm vg omit the Lord4:15 For all things are for your sakes, that the grace, being multiplied through 49the majority, may cause the thanksgiving to abound unto the glory of God.
49Gk. the more,4:16 Wherefore we faint not; but though our outward man is decaying, yet our inward man is renewed day by day.
4:17 For our light affliction, which is for the moment, worketh for us more and more exceedingly an eternal weight of glory;
4:18 while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; but the things which are not seen are eternal.
5:1 For we know that if the earthly house of our 50tabernacle be dissolved, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal, in the heavens.
50Or, bodily frame (and in vs. 4) Compare Apocrypha Wisdom 9:15.5:2 For truly in this we groan, longing to be clothed upon with our habitation which is from heaven:
5:3 if so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked.
5:4 For indeed we that are in this tabernacle do groan, 51being burdened; not for that we would be unclothed, but that we would be clothed upon, that what is mortal may be swallowed up of life.
51Or, being burdened, in that we would not be unclothed, but would be clothed upon,5:5 Now he that wrought us for this very thing is God, who gave unto us the earnest of the Spirit.
5:6 Being therefore always of good courage, and knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are away from the Lord
5:7 (for we walk by faith, not by 52sight);
52Gk. appearance);5:8 we are of good courage, I say, and are willing rather to be away from the bodily home, and to be at home with the Lord.
5:9 Wherefore also we 53make it our aim, whether at home or away, to be well-pleasing unto him.
53Gk. are ambitious, or, aspire, See Ro 15:20 margin5:10 For we must all be made manifest before the judgment-seat of Christ; that each one may receive the things done 54in the body, according to what he hath practiced, whether it be good or bad.
54Gk. through5:11 Knowing therefore the fear of the Lord, we persuade men, but we are made manifest unto God; and I hope that we are made manifest also in your consciences.
5:12 We are not again commending ourselves unto you, but speak as giving you occasion of glorying on our behalf, that ye may have wherewith to answer them that glory in appearance, and not in heart.
5:13 For whether we 55 were beside ourselves, it is unto God; or whether we are of sober mind, it is unto you.
55Or possibly, are5:14 For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that one died for all, therefore all died;
5:15 and he died for all, that they that live should no longer live unto themselves, but unto him who for their sakes died and rose again.
5:16 Wherefore we henceforth know no man after the flesh: even though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now we know him so no more.
5:17 Wherefore if any man is in Christ, 56he is a new creation: the old things are passed away; behold, they are 57become new.
56Or, there is5:18 But all things are of God, who reconciled us unto himself through Christ, and gave unto us the ministry of reconciliation;
57So p46ℵBC 048 1739 0243 copsa,bo vg. 33 81 and the majority of lesser mss., (arm) add all
5:19 to wit, that God was in Christ reconciling a world unto himself, not reckoning unto them their trespasses, and having 58committed unto us the word of reconciliation.
58Or, placed in us.5:20 We are ambassadors therefore on behalf of Christ, as though God were entreating by us: we beseech you on behalf of Christ, be ye reconciled to God.
5:21 Him who knew no sin he made to be 59a sin-offering on our behalf; that we might become the righteousness of God in him.
59Gk. sin (Gk. and Hb. do not distinguish between sin and sin-offering. See Sin = Sin-offering = Sin-bearer in Rotherham’s appendix to the O.T.)[2Cor 6]
6:1 And working together with him we entreat also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain
6:2 (for he saith, 60At an acceptable time I hearkened unto thee, And in a day of salvation did I succor thee: behold, now is an acceptable time; behold, now is a day of salvation):
60Is. 49:8.6:3 giving no occasion of stumbling in anything, that the ministration be not blamed;
6:4 but in everything commending ourselves, as ministers of God, in much 61patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses,
61Or, stedfastness,6:5 in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in watchings, in fastings;
6:6 in pureness, in knowledge, in longsuffering, in kindness, in a holy spirit, in love unfeigned,
6:7 in the word of truth, in the power of God; 62by the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,
62Gk. through6:8 by glory and dishonor, by evil report and good report; as deceivers and yet true;
6:9 as unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed;
6:10 as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.
6:11 Our mouth is open unto you, O Corinthians, and our heart is enlarged.
6:12 Ye are not straitened in us, but ye are straitened in your own affections.
6:13 Now for a recompense in like kind (I speak as unto my children), be ye also enlarged.
6:14 Be not unequally yoked with unbelievers: for what fellowship have righteousness and iniquity? or what communion hath light with darkness?
6:15 And what concord hath Christ with 63Belial? or what portion hath a believer with an unbeliever?
63Gk. Beliar (Hb. Worthlessness)6:16 And what agreement hath a 64temple of God with idols? for 65we are a temple of the living God; even as God said, 66I will dwell in them, and walk among them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
64Or, sanctuary (ναος, temple house) (both times)6:17 Wherefore 67Come ye out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, And touch no unclean thing; And I will receive you,
65So B 33 81 1175 copsa,bo. p46C and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., arm vg read ye are a temple ℵ* 1739 0243 almost alone read we are temples
66Lv 26:12; Ex 29:45; Ez 37:27; Jr 31:1.
67Is 52:11.6:18 68And will be to you a Father, And ye shall be to me sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
68Hos 1:10; Is 43:6.[2Cor 7]
7:1 Having therefore these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
7:2 69Open your hearts to us: we wronged no man, we corrupted no man, we took advantage of no man.
69Gk. Make room for us:7:3 I say it not to condemn you: for I have said before, that ye are in our hearts to die together and live together.
7:4 Great is my boldness of speech toward you, great is my glorying on your behalf: I am filled with comfort, I overflow with joy in all our affliction.
7:5 For even when we were come into Macedonia our flesh had no relief, but we were afflicted on every side; without were fightings, within were fears.
7:6 Nevertheless he that comforteth the lowly, even God, comforted us by the presence of Titus;
7:7 and not by his presence only, but also by the comfort wherewith he was comforted in you, while he told us your longing, your mourning, your zeal for me; so that I rejoiced yet more.
7:8 For though I made you sorry with my epistle, I do not regret it: though I did regret it (70for I see that that epistle made you sorry, though but for a season),
70So ℵC 1739 33 81 0243 and most, copbo arm. p117 B D* copsa omit for p46 vg read seeing that that epistle7:9 I now rejoice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye were made sorry unto repentance; for ye were made sorry after a godly sort, that ye might suffer loss by us in nothing.
7:10 For godly sorrow worketh repentance 71unto salvation, a repentance which bringeth no regret: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.
71Or, unto a salvation which bringeth no regret:7:11 For behold, this selfsame thing, that ye were made sorry after a godly sort, what earnest care it wrought in you, yes what clearing of yourselves, yes what indignation, yes what fear, yes what longing, yes what zeal, yes what avenging! In everything ye approved yourselves to be pure in the matter.
7:12 So although I wrote unto you, I wrote not for his cause that did the wrong, nor for his cause that suffered the wrong, but that your earnest care for us might be made manifest unto you in the sight of God.
7:13 Therefore we have been comforted: and in our comfort we joyed the more exceedingly for the joy of Titus, because his spirit hath been refreshed by you all.
7:14 For if in anything I have gloried to him on your behalf, I was not put to shame; but as we spake all things to you in truth, so our glorying also which I made before Titus became truth.
7:15 And his affection is more abundantly toward you, while he remembereth the obedience of you all, how with fear and trembling ye received him.
7:16 I rejoice that in everything I am of good courage concerning you.
8:1 Moreover, brethren, we make known to you the grace of God which hath been given in the churches of Macedonia;
8:2 how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their 72liberality.
72Gk. singleness. See Ro 12:8.8:3 For according to their power, I bear witness, yes and beyond their power, they gave of their own accord,
8:4 beseeching us with much entreaty in regard of this grace and the 73fellowship in the ministering to the saints:
73Or, communion or, joint participation8:5 and this, not as we had hoped, but first they gave their own selves to the Lord, and to us through the will of God.
8:6 Insomuch that we exhorted Titus, that as he had made a beginning before, so he would also complete in you this grace also.
8:7 But as ye abound in everything, in faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and in all earnestness, and in 74our love to you, see that ye abound in this grace also.
74So p46B 1739 0243 copsa,bo arm. ℵC (33) 81 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg read your love to us, 2464 reads your love to you,8:8 I speak not by way of commandment, but as proving through the earnestness of others the sincerity also of your love.
8:9 For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might become rich.
8:10 And herein I give my judgment: for this is profitable for you, who were the first to make a beginning a year ago, not only to do, but also to will.
8:11 But now complete the doing also; that as there was the readiness to will, so there may be the completion also out of your ability.
8:12 For if the readiness is there, it is acceptable according as a man hath, not according as a man hath not.
8:13 For I say not this that others may be eased and ye distressed; but by equality:
8:14 your abundance being a supply at this present time for their want, that their abundance also may become a supply for your want; that there may become equality:
8:15 as it is written, 75He that gathered much had nothing over; and he that gathered little had no lack.
75Ex 16:18.8:16 But thanks be to God, who putteth the same earnest care for you into the heart of Titus.
8:17 For he accepted indeed our exhortation; but being himself very earnest, he went forth unto you of his own accord.
8:18 And we have sent together with him the brother whose praise in the 76gospel is spread through all the churches;
76See marginal note on ch. 2:12.8:19 and not only so, but who was also appointed by the churches to travel with us in the matter of this grace, which is ministered by us to the glory of the Lord himself, and to show our readiness:
8:20 avoiding this, that any man should blame us in the matter of this bounty which is ministered by us:
8:21 for we take thought for things honorable, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men.
8:22 And we have sent with them our brother, whom we have many times proved earnest in many things, but now much more earnest, by reason of the great confidence which he hath in you.
8:23 Whether any inquire about Titus, he is my partner and my fellow-worker toward you, or our brethren, they are the 77messengers of the churches, they are the glory of Christ.
77Gk. apostles8:24 78Show ye therefore unto them in the face of the churches the proof of your love, and of our glorying on your behalf.
78Or, Show ye therefore in the face of the churches the proof of your love, and of our glorying on your behalf unto them.[2Cor 9]
9:1 For as touching the ministering to the saints, it is superfluous for me to write to you:
9:2 for I know your readiness, of which I glory on your behalf to them of Macedonia, that Achaia hath been prepared for a year past; and 79your zeal hath stirred up 80the greater part of them.
79Or, emulation of you9:3 But I have sent the brethren, that our glorying on your behalf may not be made void in this respect; that, even as I said, ye may be prepared:
80Gk. the more part
9:4 lest by any means, if there come with me any of Macedonia and find you unprepared, we (that we say not, ye) should be put to shame in this confidence.
9:5 I thought it necessary therefore to entreat the brethren, that they would go before unto you, and make up beforehand your aforepromised 81bounty, that the same might be ready as a matter of bounty, and not of 82extortion.
81Gk. blessing, (both times)9:6 But this I say, He that soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he that soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully.
9:7 Let each man do according as he hath purposed in his heart: not 83grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
83Gk. of sorrow,9:8 And God is able to make all grace abound unto you; that ye, having always all sufficiency in everything, may abound unto every good work:
9:9 as it is written, 84He hath scattered abroad, he hath given to the poor; His righteousness abideth for ever.
84Ps 112:9.9:10 And he that supplieth seed to the sower and bread for food, shall supply and multiply your seed for sowing, and increase the fruits of your righteousness:
9:11 ye being enriched in everything unto all 85liberality, which worketh through us thanksgiving to God.
85Gk. singleness. (and in vs. 13) Compare ch. 8:2.9:12 For the ministration of this service not only filleth up the measure of the wants of the saints, but aboundeth also through many thanksgivings unto God;
9:13 seeing that through the proving of you by this ministration they glorify God for the obedience of your confession unto the 86gospel of Christ, and for the liberality of your 87contribution unto them and unto all;
86Gk. good tidings See marginal note on ch. 2:12.9:14 while they themselves also, with supplication on your behalf, long after you by reason of the exceeding grace of God in you.
87Or, communion or, joint participation
9:15 Thanks be to God for his indescribable gift.
10:1 Now I Paul myself entreat you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, I who 88in your presence am lowly among you, but being absent am of good courage toward you:
88Gk. according to the face am lowly among you,10:2 yes, I beseech you, that I may not when present show courage with the confidence wherewith I count to be bold against some, who count of us as if we walked according to the flesh.
10:3 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh
10:4 (for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but mighty before God to the casting down of strongholds),
10:5 casting down 89imaginations, and every high thing that is exalted against the knowledge of God, and bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ;
89Or, reasonings, Ro 2:15.10:6 and being in readiness to avenge all disobedience, when your obedience shall be made full.
10:7 90Ye look at the things that are before your face. If any man trusteth in himself that he is Christ’s, let him consider this again with himself, that, even as he is Christ’s, so also are we.
90Or, Do ye look at the things that are before your face?10:8 For though I should glory somewhat abundantly concerning our authority (which the Lord gave for building you up, and not for casting you down), I shall not be put to shame:
10:9 that I may not seem as if I would terrify you by my letters.
10:10 For, His letters, he says, are weighty and strong; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.
10:11 Let such a one reckon this, that, what we are in word by letters when we are absent, such are we also in deed when we are present.
10:12 For we are not bold 91to number or compare ourselves with certain of them that commend themselves: but they themselves, measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves with themselves, 92do not understand.
91Gk. to judge ourselves among, or to judge ourselves with certain of them10:13 But we will not glory beyond our measure, but according to the measure of the 93province which God apportioned to us as a measure, to reach even unto you.
92So p46ℵaB 1739 33 81 0243 1175. 256 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss. read are not wise.
93Or, limit Gk. measuring-rod (and in vss. 15, 16)10:14 For we stretch not ourselves overmuch, as though we reached not unto you: for we 94came even as far as unto you in the 95gospel of Christ:
94Or, were the first to come10:15 not glorying beyond our measure, that is, in other men’s labors; but having hope that, as your faith groweth, we shall be magnified in you according to our province unto further abundance,
95Gk. good tidings See marginal note on ch. 2:12.
10:16 so as to 96preach the gospel even unto the parts beyond you, and not to glory in another’s province in regard of things ready to our hand.
96Gk. bring good tidings Compare Mt 11:5.10:17 97But he that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
97Jer 9:24.10:18 For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.
11:1 Would that ye could bear with me in a little foolishness: 98but indeed ye do bear with me.
98Or, no indeed bear with me.11:2 For I am jealous over you with 99a godly jealousy: for I espoused you to one husband, that I might present you as a pure virgin to Christ.
99Gk. a jealousy of God:11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve in his craftiness, your 100minds should be corrupted from the simplicity 101and the purity that is toward Christ.
100Gk. thoughts See ch. 3:14.11:4 For if he that cometh preacheth another 102Jesus, whom we did not preach, or if ye receive a different spirit, which ye did not receive, or a different 103gospel, which ye did not accept, ye do well to bear with him.
101So p46ℵ*B 33 81 copsa,bo. 1739 0243 1175 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., arm vg omit and the purity
102Hb. Joshua, meaning Jehovah/Yahweh saves.11:5 For I reckon that I am not a whit behind 104the very chiefest apostles.
103Gk. good tidings See marginal note on ch. 2:12.
104Or, those preeminent apostles.11:6 But though I be rude in speech, yet am I not in knowledge; 105no, in every way have we made ourselves manifest unto you in all things.
105Or, no, in everything we have made it manifest among all men towards you.11:7 Or did I commit a sin in abasing myself that ye might be exalted, because I 106preached to you the gospel of God for nought?
106Gk. brought good tidings See ch. 10:16.11:8 I robbed other churches, taking wages of them that I might minister unto you;
11:9 and when I was present with you and was in want, I was not a burden on any man; for the brethren, when they came from Macedonia, supplied the measure of my want; and in everything I kept myself from being burdensome unto you, and so will I keep myself.
11:10 As the truth of Christ is in me, no man shall stop me of this glorying in the regions of Achaia.
11:11 Wherefore? because I love you not? God knoweth.
11:12 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off 107occasion from them that desire an occasion; that wherein they glory, they may be found even as we.
107Gk. the occasion of them11:13 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, fashioning themselves into apostles of Christ.
11:14 And no marvel; for even Satan fashioneth himself into an angel of light.
11:15 It is no great thing therefore if his ministers also fashion themselves as ministers of righteousness, whose end shall be according to their works.
11:16 I say again, Let no man think me foolish; but if ye do, yet as foolish receive me, that I also may glory a little.
11:17 That which I speak, I speak not after the Lord, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of glorying.
11:18 Seeing that many glory after the flesh, I will glory also.
11:19 For ye bear with the foolish gladly, being wise yourselves.
11:20 For ye bear with a man, if he bringeth you into bondage, if he devoureth you, if he taketh you captive, if he exalteth himself, if he smiteth you on the face.
11:21 I speak by way of disparagement, as though we had been weak. Yet whereinsoever any is bold (I speak in foolishness), I am bold also.
11:22 Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? so am I.
11:23 Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as one beside himself ) I more; in labors more abundantly, in prisons more abundantly, in stripes above measure, in deaths oft.
11:24 Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one.
11:25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day have I been in the deep;
11:26 in journeyings often, in perils of rivers, in perils of robbers, in perils from my 108countrymen, in perils from the Gentiles, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren;
108Gk. race, Compare Ac 7:19.11:27 in labor and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
11:28 109Besides those things that are without, there is that which presseth upon me daily, anxiety for all the churches.
109Or, Besides the things which I omit, or, Besides the things which come out of course,11:29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? who is caused to stumble, and I burn not?
11:30 If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things that concern my weakness.
11:31 110The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, he who is blessed 111for evermore, knoweth that I lie not.
110Or, God and the Father See Ro 15:6.11:32 In Damascus the 112governor under Aretas the king guarded the city of the Damascenes 113in order to take me:
111Gk. unto the ages
112Gk. ethnarch11:33 and through a window was I let down in a rope-basket through the wall, and escaped his hands.
113So B D* copsa arm vg. But ℵ (1739) 33 81 0243 and most Gk. mss., (copbo) read , wishing to take me:
12:1 I must needs glory, though profitable it is not; but I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord.
12:2 I know a man in Christ, fourteen years ago (whether in the body, I know not; or whether out of the body, I know not; God knoweth), such a one caught up even to the third heaven.
12:3 And I know such a man (whether in the body, or apart from the body, I know not; God knoweth),
12:4 how that he was caught up into Paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.
12:5 On behalf of such a one will I glory: but on mine own behalf I will not glory, save in my weaknesses.
12:6 For if I should desire to glory, I shall not be foolish; for I shall speak the truth: but I forbear, lest any man should account of me above that which he seeth me to be, or heareth from me.
12:7 And by reason of the exceeding greatness of the 114revelations ─ wherefore, that I should not be exalted overmuch, there was given to me a 115thorn in the flesh, a messenger of Satan to buffet me, 116that I should not be exalted overmuch.
114So ℵBA 1739 33 81 0243 copbo. p46 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa arm vg read revelations that I should not12:8 Concerning this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me.
116So p46B Ivid 1739 81 0243 and most, copsa,bo arm. ℵA 33 D vg omit that I should not be exalted overmuch.
12:9 And he hath said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my power is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my weaknesses, that 117the power of Christ may 118rest upon me.
117So p46vidℵ*B D* copsa vg. But A 1739 33 81 0243 and most lesser Gk. mss., arm read my power12:10 Wherefore I take pleasure in weaknesses, in injuries, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ’s sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.
118Or, cover me. Gk. spread a tabernacle over me. See Rv 7:15.
12:11 I am become foolish: ye compelled me; for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing was I behind 119the very chiefest apostles, though I am nothing.
119Or, those preeminent apostles,12:12 Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you in all 120patience, by signs and wonders and 121mighty works.
120Or, stedfastness,12:13 For what is there wherein ye were made inferior to the rest of the churches, except it be that I myself was not a burden to you? forgive me this wrong.
12:14 Behold, this is the third time I am ready to come to you; and I will not be a burden to you: for I seek not yours, but you: for the children ought not to lay up for the parents, but the parents for the children.
12:15 And I will most gladly spend and be 122spent for your souls. If I am loving you more abundantly, am I loved the less?
122Gk. spent out12:16 But be it so, I did not myself burden you; but, being crafty, I caught you with guile.
12:17 Did I take advantage of you by any one of them whom I have sent unto you?
12:18 I exhorted Titus, and I sent the brother with him. Did Titus take any advantage of you? walked we not by the same spirit? walked we not in the same steps?
12:19 123Ye think all this time that we are excusing ourselves unto you. In the sight of God speak we in Christ. But all things, beloved, are for your edifying.
123Or, Think ye ... unto you? So ℵ*BA 1739 33 81 0243 1175 copsa vg. D and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copbo arm read Again, think ye that ... unto you? p46 alone reads Think ye not already that ... unto you?12:20 For I fear, lest by any means, when I come, I should find you not such as I would, and should myself be found of you such as ye would not; lest by any means there should be strife, jealousy, wraths, factions, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, 124tumults;
124Or, disorders;12:21 lest again when I come my God should humble me before you, and I should mourn for many of them that have sinned heretofore, and repented not of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they committed.
13:1 This is the third time I am coming to you. At the mouth of two witnesses or three shall every word be established.
13:2 I have said 125beforehand, and I do say beforehand, 126as when I was present the second time, so now, being absent, to them that have sinned heretofore, and to all the rest, that, if I come again, I will not spare;
125Or possibly, plainly (both times) Compare 1Ths 3:4.13:3 seeing that ye seek a proof of Christ that speaketh in me; who toward you is not weak, but is powerful in you:
126Or, as if I were present the second time, even though I am now absent,
13:4 for he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth through the power of God. For we also are 127weak in him, but we shall live with him through the power of God 128toward you.
127So B 1739 33 81 0243 and most, copsa,fay vg. ℵA G copbo read weak with him,13:5 Try your own selves, whether ye are in the faith; prove your own selves. Or know ye not as to your own selves, that Jesus Christ is in you? unless indeed ye be reprobate.
128B arm almost alone omit toward you
13:6 But I hope that ye shall know that we are not reprobate.
13:7 Now we pray to God that ye do no evil; not that we may appear approved, but that ye may do that which is honorable, 129though we be as reprobate.
129Gk. and that13:8 For we can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth.
13:9 For we rejoice, when we are weak, and ye are strong: for this we also pray, even your perfecting.
13:10 For this cause I write these things while absent, that I may not when present deal sharply, according to the authority which the Lord gave me for building up, and not for casting down.
13:11 Finally, brethren, 130farewell. Be perfected; be comforted; be of the same mind; live in peace: and the God of love and peace shall be with you.
130Or, rejoice: be perfected;13:12 Salute one another with a holy kiss.
13:13 All the saints salute you.
13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the 131communion of the Holy Spirit, be with you all.
131Or, fellowship or, joint participation