1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the elect who are sojourners of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,
1:2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied.
1:3 Blessed be 1the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to his great mercy begat us again unto a living hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
1Or, God and the Father See Ro 15:6; 2Co 1:3, 11:31; Ep 1:3, and their footnotes.1:4 unto an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
1:5 who by the power of God are guarded through faith unto a salvation ready to be revealed in the last season.
1:6 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a little while, if need be, ye have been put to grief in manifold 2trials,
2Or, temptations,1:7 that the 3proving of your faith, being more precious than gold that perisheth though it is proved by fire, may be found unto praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
3p72 1852 almost alone read approval1:8 whom not 4having seen ye love; on whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice greatly with joy indescribable and 5full of glory:
4So p72Bℵ 1739 1852 322 copsa vg arm. Aψ 1241 1243 2344 33 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copbo read seeing1:9 receiving the end of 6your faith, even the salvation of souls.
6B copsa almost alone omit your1:10 Concerning which salvation prophets sought and searched diligently, those who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:
1:11 searching what time or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did point unto, when it testified beforehand the sufferings 7of Christ, and the glories that should follow them.
7Gk. for or, unto1:12 To whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto you, did they minister these things, which now have been announced unto you through them that 8preached the gospel unto you 9by the Holy Spirit sent forth from heaven; which things angels desire to look into.
8Gk. brought good tidings Also in vs. 25. Compare Mt 11:5.1:13 Wherefore girding up the loins of your mind, 10be sober and set your hope perfectly on the grace that 11is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
9 ℵC 1739 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read in
10Or, be perfectly sober and set your hope on1:14 as children of obedience, not fashioning yourselves according to your former lusts in the time of your ignorance:
11Gk. is being brought unto you
1:15 but 12like as he who called you is holy, be ye yourselves also holy in all manner of living;
12Or, like the Holy One who called you,1:16 because it is written, 13Ye shall be holy; for I am holy.
13Lv 11:44f.; 19:2; 20:7.1:17 And if ye call on him as Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to each man’s work, pass the time of your sojourning in fear:
1:18 knowing that ye were ransomed, not with corruptible things, with silver or gold, from your vain manner of life handed down from your fathers;
1:19 but with precious blood, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot, even the blood of Christ:
1:20 who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was manifested at the last of the times for your sake,
1:21 who through him are believers in God, that raised him from the dead, and gave him glory; so that your faith and hope might be in God.
1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in your obedience to the truth14 unto unfeigned love of the brethren, love one another 15from a pure heart fervently:
14So p72BAℵCψ 1739 1852 1881 1241 1243 33 322 and 25 lesser Gk. mss., copsa,bo arm. 2298 and 464 still lesser Gk. mss., vg add through the spirit1:23 having been begotten again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, through the word 16of God, which liveth and abideth.
15BA 1852 vg almost alone read from the heart Compare 1Tm 1:5.
16Or, of God who liveth Compare Dan 6:26.1:24 For, 17All flesh is as grass, And all the glory thereof as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower falleth:
17Is 40:6ff.1:25 But the 18word of the Lord abideth for ever. And this is the word of good tidings which was preached unto you.
18Gk. saying (both times)[1Pet 2]
2:1 Putting away therefore all 19wickedness, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings,
19Or, malice, 1Co 14:20.2:2 as newborn babes, long for the 20spiritual milk which is without guile, that ye may grow thereby unto salvation;
20Gk. belonging to the reason Cf. Ro 12:1 footnote.2:3 if ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious:
2:4 unto whom coming, a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but with God elect, 21precious,
21Or, honorable, And similarly in vs. 6.2:5 ye also, as living stones, are built up 22a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer up 23spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
22Or, to be a spiritual house for a holy priesthood,2:6 Because it is contained in 24scripture, 25Behold, I lay in Zion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: And he that believeth on 26him shall not be put to shame.
23p72 alone omits sacrifices ℵ alone omits spiritual
24Or, in a scripture,2:7 27For you therefore that believe is the 28preciousness: but for such as disbelieve, 29The stone which the builders rejected, The same became the head of the corner;
27Or, In your sight therefore2:8 and, 30A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence; 31for they 32stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.
30Is 8:14.2:9 But ye are to be an elect race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, that ye may show forth the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
32Or, stumble, being disobedient to the word:
2:10 who in time past were no people, but now are a people of God: who had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
2:11 Beloved, I beseech you as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;
2:12 having your behavior seemly among the Gentiles; that, wherein they speak against you as evil-doers, they may by your good works, which they behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.
2:13 Be subject to every 33ordinance of man for the Lord’s sake: whether to a king, as supreme;
33Gk. creation2:14 or unto governors, as sent 34by him for vengeance on evil-doers and for praise to them that do well.
34Gk. through him2:15 For so is the will of God, that by well-doing ye should put to silence the ignorance of foolish men:
2:16 as free, and not 35using the freedom for a cloak of 36wickedness, but as bondservants of God.
35Gk. having2:17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.
2:18 37Servants, be in subjection to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the perverse.
37Gk. Household-servants,2:19 For this is 38acceptable,39 if for conscience 40toward God a man endureth griefs, suffering wrongfully.
38Gk. grace Also in vs. 20.2:20 For what glory is it, if, when ye sin, and are buffeted for it, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well and suffer for it, ye shall take it patiently, this is acceptable with God.
39So p72BAℵ and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa,bo vg. C (ψ 2344 33) 1739 1852 1881 1241 1243 322 arm add from God
40So Bℵ and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., cop vg. Cψ 1739 1852 1881 1241 1243 322 arm read of what is good p72 81 read of the goodness of God A* 2344 33 read of God’s goodness
2:21 For hereunto were ye called: because Christ also 41suffered 42for you, leaving you an example, that ye should follow his steps:
41p81ℵψ and 62 lesser Gk. mss., arm read died (Compare with ch. 3:18.)2:22 who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:
42So p72BAℵCψ 1739 1852 1241 vg arm. 1881 33 322 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read for us, leaving you 1243 2344 copbo read for us, leaving us
2:23 who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, threatened not; but committed 43himself to him that judgeth righteously:
43Or, his cause2:24 who his own self 44bare our sins in his body upon the tree, that we, having died unto sins, might live unto righteousness; by whose 45bruise ye were healed.
44Or, carried up ... to the tree, Cf. Col 2:14; 1Macc. 4:53 (Apocrypha, Gk. Septuagint).2:25 For ye were going astray like sheep; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and 46Bishop of your souls.
45Or possibly, sripes Cf. Is 53:5 (Gk. Septuagint).
46Gk. Overseer[1Pet 3]
3:1 In like manner, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, even if any obey not the word, they may without the word be gained by the 47behavior of their wives;
47Or, manner of life And in vss. 2, 16.3:2 beholding your chaste behavior coupled with fear.
3:3 Whose adorning let it not be the outward adorning of braiding the hair, and of wearing jewels of gold, or of putting on apparel;
3:4 but let it be the hidden man of the heart, in the incorruptible apparel of the meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
3:5 For after this manner aforetime the holy women also, who hoped in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection to their own 48husbands:
48Or, husbands (as Sarah ... ye are become), doing well, and not being afraid.3:6 as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose children ye became, if ye do well, and are not 49put in fear by any terror.
49Or, afraid with3:7 Ye husbands, in like manner, dwell with your wives according to knowledge, giving honor 50unto the woman, as unto the weaker vessel, as being also joint-heirs of the 51grace of life; to the end that your prayers be not hindered.
50Gk. unto the female vessel, as weaker,3:8 Finally, be ye all likeminded, 52compassionate, loving as brethren, tenderhearted, 53humbleminded:
51Aℵ copbo read manifold grace of life; p72 virtually alone reads grace of eternal life;
52Gk. sympathetic,3:9 not rendering evil for evil, or reviling for reviling; but contrariwise blessing; for hereunto were ye called, that ye should inherit a blessing.
53So p72BAℵCψ 1739 1852 and 108 lesser Gk. mss., cop vg (arm). 366 lesser Gk. mss. read courteous:
3:10 For, 54He that would love life, And see good days, Let him refrain his tongue from evil, And his lips that they speak no guile:
54Ps 34:12ff.3:11 And let him turn away from evil, and do good; Let him seek peace, and pursue it.
3:12 For the eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, And his ears unto their supplication: But the face of the Lord is upon them that do evil.
3:13 And who is he that will harm you, if ye be zealous of that which is good?
3:14 But even if ye should suffer for righteousness’ sake, blessed are ye: and fear not their fear, 55neither be troubled;
551852 reads and be not troubled; p72B omit neither be troubled;3:15 but sanctify in your hearts 56Christ as Lord: being ready always to give answer to every man that asketh you a reason concerning the hope that is in you, yet with meekness and fear:
56So p72BAℵCψ 1739 1852 1881 1243 33 cop vg arm. 1241 2344 322 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read God as Lord:3:16 having a good conscience; that, wherein ye are spoken against, they may be put to shame who revile your good manner of life in Christ.
3:17 For it is better, if the will of God should so will, that ye suffer for well-doing than for evil-doing.
3:18 Because Christ also 57for us died for sins once, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might 58bring you to God; being put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit;
57So (ℵ*) 1739 1852 1881 1243 2344 33 322 copbo. But p72A(ψ) 1241 arm read for you died for sins once, And B and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read suffered for sins once, (Cf. ch. 2:21.) C*vid copsa (vg) read died for our sins once, 81 reads for us suffered for sins once,3:19 59in which 60also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison,
58p72Bψ 1852 1241 1243 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., arm. But AC 1739 1881 2344 33 322 copsa,bo vg read bring us ℵ* omits you
59Or, by which (preferred by Wilson’s diaglott)3:20 that aforetime were disobedient, when the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while an ark was being prepared, 61wherein a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water:
60Or, having gone even to the spirits in prison, he heralded to them 20 that etc.
61Or, into which few, that is, eight souls, were brought safely through the water:3:21 62which also 63in the antitype doth now save you, even baptism, not a putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the 64answer of a good conscience toward God, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ;
62So BACψ 1739 1852 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg arm. p72ℵ* copsa read The antitype also doth copbo reads which also as an antitype doth3:22 who is on the right hand of God, having gone into heaven; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.
63Or, after a true likeness doth now save you,
64Or, inquiry or, appeal or possibly, interrogation
4:1 Forasmuch then as Christ 65suffered in the flesh, arm ye yourselves also with the same 66mind; for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased 67from sin;
65So p72BCψ 1739 1881 1243 322 copsa vg. A (1852) 1241 2344 33 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., (copbo) arm read suffered for us in the flesh, ℵ* reads died for you in the flesh,4:2 that 68ye no longer should live the rest of your time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
67So p72Aℵ*C 1739 (1881) and the majority of lesser Gk. mss. Bψ vg read unto sins;
68Or, he no longer ... his time4:3 For the time past may suffice to have wrought the desire of the Gentiles, and to have walked in lasciviousness, lusts, winebibbings, revellings, carousings, and abominable idolatries:
4:4 wherein they think it strange that ye run not with them into the same 69excess of riot, speaking evil of you:
69Or, flood4:5 who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the living and the dead.
4:6 For unto this end 70was the gospel preached even to the dead, that they might be judged indeed according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.
70Or, were good tidings preached4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore of sound mind, and be sober unto 71prayer:
71Gk. prayers:4:8 above all things being fervent in your love among yourselves; for love covereth a multitude of sins:
4:9 using hospitality one to another without murmuring:
4:10 according as each hath received a gift, ministering it among yourselves, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God;
4:11 if any man speaketh, speaking as it were oracles of God; if any man ministereth, ministering as of the strength which God supplieth: that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ, whose is the glory and the dominion 72for ever and ever. Amen.
72Gk. unto the ages of the ages.4:12 Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial among you, which cometh upon you to prove you, as though a strange thing is happening unto you:
4:13 but insomuch as ye are partakers of Christ’s sufferings, rejoice; that at the revelation of his glory also ye may rejoice with exceeding joy.
4:14 If ye are reproached 73for the name of Christ, blessed are ye; because the 74Spirit of glory, even the Spirit of God, 75resteth itself upon you.
73Gk. in4:15 For let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or an evil-doer, or as a meddler in other men’s matters:
74So p72Bψ and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. A(ℵ*) 1739 1881 1241 1243 2344 33 322 cop(sa),bo read Spirit of glory and power and the Spirit of God 1852 reads the name of glory and power and the name of God and the Spirit
75So Bℵ* (A 1852 1739mg 322) arm. p72 (1739txt 1881 1241 2344 33) read hath rested itself upon you. (ψ) and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa read resteth itself upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.
4:16 but if a man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God in this name.
4:17 For the time cometh for condemnation to begin at the house of God: and if it begin first at us, what shall be the end of them that obey not the 76gospel of God:
76Gk. good tidings See Mt 4:23 margin.4:18 And if the righteous is scarcely saved, where shall the ungodly and sinner appear?
4:19 Wherefore let them also that suffer according to the will of God commit their souls in well-doing unto a faithful Creator.
5:1 The elders therefore among you I exhort, who am a fellow-elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, who am also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:
5:2 Tend the flock of God which is among you, 77exercising the oversight, not of constraint, but willingly, 78according to the will of God; nor yet for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;
77So p72Aψ 1739 1852 1881 1241 1243 2344vid and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copbo vg arm. Bℵ* 322 omit exercising the oversight,5:3 79neither as lording it over the charge allotted to you, but making yourselves ensamples of the flock.
78So p72Aℵ*ψ 1739 1852 1881 1241 1243 2344vid 33 322 copsa. B and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. omit according to the will of God;
79B alone omits vs. 3.5:4 And when the chief Shepherd shall be manifested, ye shall receive the crown of glory that fadeth not away.
5:5 80Likewise, ye younger, be subject unto the elder. Yes, all of you 81gird yourselves with humility, to serve one another: for God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble.
80Or, Likewise ... elder: yes, all of you one to another. Gird yourselves with humility5:6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time;
81So (p72)BAℵ 1739 1852 1241 1243 2344 33 322 cop vg. 1881 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss. read be subject to one another, gird yourselves with humility,
5:7 casting all your anxiety upon him, because he careth for you.
5:8 Be sober be watchful: your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:
5:9 whom withstand stedfast 82in your faith, knowing that the same sufferings are 83accomplished in your 84brethren who are in the world.
82Or, in the faith,5:10 And the God of all grace, who called you unto his eternal glory in Christ, after that ye have suffered a little while, shall himself 85perfect, establish, strengthen, 86settle you.
83Gk. being accomplished
84Gk. brotherhood which is in the world.
85Or, restore5:11 To him be 87the dominion 88for ever and ever. Amen.
86BA(ψ 0206) vg almost alone omit settle
87So (p72)BAψ alone, vg. ℵ and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa read the glory and the dominion 1739 1852 1881 1241 1243 2344 33 322 copbo arm read the dominion and the glory5:12 By Silvanus, 89our faithful brother, as I account him, I have written unto you briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God: stand ye fast therein.
88Gk. unto the ages of the ages. But p72B copbo arm almost alone omit and ever (or, omit of the ages)
89Gk. the5:13 90She that is in 91Babylon, elect together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Mark my son.
90That is, The church or, The sister5:14 Salute one another with a kiss of love. Peace be unto you all that are 92in Christ.
91ℵ arm read Babylonian church, 2138 reads Rome,
92So BAψ 2344 almost alone. ℵ 1852 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., arm read in Christ Jesus. Amen. 1739* 1881 1241 1243 322 read in Christ Jesus.