1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God 1gave him to show unto his 2servants, even the things which must shortly come to pass: and he sent and signified 3it by his 4angel unto his servant John;
1Or, gave unto him, to show unto his servants the things etc.1:2 who bare witness of the word of God, and of the witness of Jesus Christ, even of all things that he saw.
2Gk. bondservants, … his bondservant John;
4Or, messenger And so throughout Revelation.
1:3 Blessed is he that readeth and they that hear the words of the prophecy, and keep the things that are written therein: for the time is at hand.
1:4 John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from him who is and who was and 5who is to come; and from the seven Spirits that are before his throne;
5Or, who cometh; (ο ερχομενος, the coming one)1:5 and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead and the ruler of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loveth us, and 6loosed us from our sins 7by his blood;
6So p18CA 2050 MA syrh. ℵ* 1611 omit us (2053 2062) f 1006 94 MK vg read washed us1:6 and he made us to be a kingdom, to be priests unto 8his God and Father; to him be the glory and the dominion 9for ever and ever. Amen.
8Or, God and his Father;1:7 Behold, he cometh with the clouds; and every eye shall 10see him, even they that pierced him; and all the tribes of the earth shall mourn over him. Even so, Amen.
9Gk. for the ages of the ages. Amen. (or, Let it be so.) So C(ℵ) 1611 2053 2062 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg syr eth. p18A 2050 P omit of the ages 2344 792 omit of the ages. Amen
10Or, perceive him,1:8 I am the Alpha and the Omega,11 saith the Lord God, 12who is and who was and 13who is to come, the Almighty.
11So CA 1611 2053 2062. ℵ vg add the first and last,1:9 I John, your brother and partaker with you in the tribulation and kingdom and 14patience which are in Jesus, came to be in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God and the witness of Jesus.
12Or, he who
13Or, who cometh, (ο ερχομενος, the coming one)
14Or, stedfastness and in ch. 2:2-3.1:10 I came to be in the spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet
1:11 saying,15 What thou seest, write in a book and send it to the seven churches: unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamum, and unto Thyatira, 16and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.
15So CℵA f 1678 2050 MK vg syr. 1611 eth add to me 2053 2062 add to me, John MA adds I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, and1:12 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands;
16ℵ* virtually alone omits and unto Sardis, (A later corrector has added & unto Sardis in the margin, which has sometimes mistakenly been thought to mean ℵ made it the seventh church.)
1:13 and in the midst of the lampstands one like unto a son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about at the breasts with a golden girdle.
1:14 And his head and his hair were white as white wool, white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire;
1:15 and his feet like unto burnished 17copper, as if it had been refined in a furnace; and his voice as the voice of many waters.
17Or, brass, or, bronze,1:16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth proceeded a sharp two-edged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his power.
1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as one dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying, Fear not; I am the first and the last,
1:18 and the Living one; and I 18was dead, and behold, I am alive 19for evermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.
18Gk. became1:19 Write therefore the things which thou sawest, and the things which are, and the things which shall come to pass after these things;
19Gk. unto the ages of the ages,
1:20 the mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest on my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands. The seven stars are the 20angels of the seven churches: and the seven lampstands are seven churches.
20Or, messengers And so elsewhere.[Rev 2]
2:1 To the angel of the church in Ephesus write: These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, he that walketh in the midst of the seven golden lampstands:
2:2 I know thy works, and thy toil and 21patience, and that thou canst not bear evil men, and didst try them that call themselves apostles, and they are not, and didst find them false;
21Or, stedfastness and in vs. 3.2:3 and thou hast patience and didst bear for my name’s sake, and hast not grown weary.
2:4 But I have this against thee, that thou didst leave thy first love.
2:5 Remember therefore whence thou art fallen, and repent and do the first works; or else I come to thee, and will move thy lampstand out of its place, except thou repent.
2:6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the works of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.
2:7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. To him that overcometh, to him will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the 22Paradise 23of God.
22Or, garden2:8 And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: These things saith the first and the last, who 24was dead, and lived again:
23So CℵA MA syrph. But 1611 2053 f 1678 2050 MK vg syrh eth read of my God
24Gk. became2:9 I know thy tribulation, and thy poverty (but thou art rich), and the 25blasphemy of them that say they are Jews, and they are not, but are a synagogue of Satan.
25Or, reviling2:10 Fear not the things which thou art about to suffer; behold, the devil is about to cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days. Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee the crown of life.
2:11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.
2:12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: These things saith he that hath the sharp two-edged sword:
2:13 I know where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s throne is; and thou holdest fast my name, and didst not deny my faith, even 26in the days of Antipas my witness, my faithful one, who was killed among you, where Satan dwelleth.
26So CA 2053 vg syrph cop. ℵ(*),a 1611 2050 MA read in the days in which [and so delete who] f 1006 94 469 MK syrh read in those days2:14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there some that hold the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to cast a stumblingblock before the sons of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit fornication.
2:15 So hast thou also some that hold the teaching of the Nicolaitans in like manner.
2:16 Repent thou therefore; or else I come to thee quickly, and I will make war against them with the sword of my mouth.
2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. To him that overcometh, to him will I give of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, and upon the stone a new name written, which no one knoweth but he that receiveth it.
2:18 And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write: These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like a flame of fire, and his feet are like unto burnished 27copper:
27Or, brass: or, bronze:2:19 I know thy works, and thy love and faith and ministry and 28patience, and that thy last works are more than the first.
28Or, stedfastness,2:20 But I have this against thee, that thou sufferest 29the woman Jezebel, who calleth herself a prophetess; and she teacheth and seduceth my 30servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed to idols.
29So Cℵ 1611 2053 f 1678 2050 vg eth. A f 1006 94 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., syr cop read thy wife Jezebel,2:21 And I gave her time that she should repent; and she willeth not to repent of her fornication.
2:22 Behold, I cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of 31her works.
31So Cℵ 1611 2053 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg syrh eth. A 2344 2329 syrph cop read their works.2:23 And I will kill her children with 32death; and all the churches shall know that I am he that searcheth the kidneys and hearts: and I will give unto each one of you according to your works.
32Or, pestilence; Septuagint (Greek) Ex. 5:3, etc.2:24 But to you I say, to the rest that are in Thyatira, as many as have not this teaching, who know not the deep things of Satan, as they are wont to say; I cast upon you none other burden.
2:25 Nevertheless that which ye have, hold fast till I shall have come.
2:26 And he that overcometh, and he that keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give authority over the 33nations:
33Or, Gentiles:2:27 and he shall rule them with a rod of 34iron, as the ceramic vessels are broken to shivers; as I also have received of my Father:
34Or, iron; as ceramic vessels, are they broken2:28 and I will give him the morning star.
2:29 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches.
3:1 And to the angel of the church in Sardis write: These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars: I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and thou art dead.
3:2 Be thou watchful, and establish the things that remain, which were ready to die: for I have 35found no works of thine perfected before my God.
35So ℵ and most. CA read not found thy works3:3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and didst hear; and keep it, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I shall have come as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I shall have come upon thee.
3:4 But thou hast a few names in Sardis that did not defile their garments: and they shall walk with me in white; for they are worthy.
3:5 He that 36overcometh shall thus be arrayed in white garments; and I will in no wise blot his name out of the book of life, and I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.
36So Cℵ*A and the versions. 1611 2053 469 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read overcometh this shall thus 2050 reads overcometh self shall thus3:6 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches.
3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth and none shall shut, and that shutteth and none openeth:
3:8 I know thy works (behold, I have 37set before thee a door opened, which none can shut), that thou hast a little power, and didst keep my word, and didst not deny my name.
37Gk. given3:9 Behold, I give some of the synagogue of Satan, of them that say they are Jews, and they are not, but do lie; behold, I will cause them 38to come and to 39worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.
38Gk. in order that they shall have come and shall3:10 Because thou didst keep the word of my 40patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of 41trial, that hour which is to come upon the whole 42world, to 43try them that dwell upon the earth.
39The Greek word denotes an act of reverence whether paid to a creature, or to the Creator.
40Or, stedfastness,3:11 I come quickly: hold fast that which thou hast, that no one take thy crown.
42Gk. inhabited earth,
3:12 He that overcometh, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go out thence no more: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God, and mine own new name.
3:13 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches.
3:14 And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God:
3:15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.
3:16 So because thou art lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will spew thee out of my mouth.
3:17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and have gotten riches, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art the wretched one and miserable and poor and blind and naked:
3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold refined by fire, that thou mayest become rich; and white garments, that thou mayest clothe thyself, and that the shame of thy nakedness be not made manifest; and eyesalve to anoint thine eyes, that thou mayest see.
3:19 As many as I love, I reprove and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.
3:20 Behold, I stand at the door and knock: if any man hear my voice and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
3:21 He that overcometh, I will give to him to sit down with me in my throne, as I also overcame, and sat down with my Father in his throne.
3:22 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches.
4:1 After these things I saw, and behold, a door opened in heaven, and the first voice that I heard, a voice as of a trumpet speaking with me, one saying, Come up hither, and I will show thee the things which must 44come to pass hereafter.
44Or, come to pass. After these things straightway etc.4:2 Straightway I was in the spirit: and behold, there was a throne set in heaven, and one sitting upon the throne;
4:3 and he that sitteth was to look upon like a jasper stone and a sardius: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, like an emerald to look upon.
4:4 And round about the throne were twenty-four thrones: and upon the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, arrayed in white garments; and on their heads crowns of gold.
4:5 And out of the throne proceed lightnings and voices and thunders. And there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God;
4:6 and before the throne, as it were a 45sea of glass like unto crystal; and in the midst 46of the throne, and round about the throne, four living creatures full of eyes before and behind.
45Or, glassy sea Cf. 1Ki 7:23-26.4:7 And the first living creature was like a lion, and the second living creature like a 47bullock, and the third living creature had the face as of a man, and the fourth living creature was like a flying eagle.
46Or, before See ch. 7:17; Compare ch. 5:6.
47Or, calf, or, young bull,4:8 And the four living creatures, having each one of them six wings, are full of eyes round about and within: and 48they have no rest day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God, the Almighty, who was and who is and 49who is to come.
48Or, they do not rest day and night,4:9 And whenever the living creatures shall give glory and honor and thanks to him that sitteth on the throne, to him that liveth 50for ever and ever,
49Or, who cometh; (ο ερχομενος, the coming one)
50Gk. unto the ages of the ages, And so everywhere.4:10 the twenty-four elders shall fall down before him that sitteth on the throne, and shall worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and shall cast their crowns before the throne, saying,
4:11 Worthy art thou, our Lord and our God, to receive the glory and the honor and the power: for thou didst create all things, and because of thy will 51they were, and were created.
51So ℵA 1611 2053 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg. 2050 P 2344 eth read they are, 2329 reads they became, f 1678 reads they were not,[Rev 5]
5:1 And I saw 52in the right hand of him that sitteth on the throne a book written 53inside and on the backside, close sealed with seven seals.
52Gk. on5:2 And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a great voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?
53So A 94 syrh. 1611vid 2053 and most read inside and outside, ℵ copsa read frontside and backside, Both papyrus and vellum have a preferred side for writing, but can be written on both sides; thus the meaning should be the same for all these variants.
5:3 And no one in the heaven, or on the earth, or under the earth, was able to open the book, or to look thereon.
5:4 And I wept much, because no one was found worthy to open the book, or to look thereon:
5:5 and one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not; behold, the Lion that is of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath overcome to open the book and the seven seals thereof.
5:6 And I saw 54in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the 55seven Spirits of God, sent forth into all the earth.
54Or, between the throne with the four living creatures, and the elders,5:7 And he came, and he 56taketh it out of the right hand of him that sitteth on the throne.
55So p24ℵ 2053 and most mss. and versions. A 1611 2050 f 1678,1006 vg omit seven
56Gk. hath taken5:8 And when he had taken the book, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, having each one a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints.
5:9 And they sing a new song, saying, Worthy art thou to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and didst purchase unto God with thy blood 57us out of every tribe, and tongue, and people, and nation,
57So ℵ 1611 2053 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. But p115vidA eth alone omit us 205 copsa read unto our God with thy blood men out of every tribe,5:10 and madest 58them to be unto our God a kingdom and priests; and 59they shall reign over the earth.
58copsa almost alone reads us5:11 And I saw, and I heard a voice of many angels round about the throne and the living creatures and the elders; and the number of them was ten thousands of ten thousands, and thousands of thousands;
59So ℵ 2053 2050 94 vg syrph. A 1611 f 1006 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., read they reign 2432 almost alone reads we shall reign
5:12 saying with a great voice, Worthy is the Lamb that hath been slain to receive the power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor, and glory, and blessing.
5:13 And every created thing 60which is in the heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and on the sea, and all things that are in them, heard I saying, Unto him that sitteth on the throne, and unto the Lamb, be the blessing, and the honor, and the glory, and the dominion, for ever and ever.
60So ℵ 1611* syrh. A f 1006 2344 2329 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., read which is 2050 P vg read which are 2053 2351 almost alone read which is ... and on the great sea,5:14 And the four living creatures said, Amen. And the elders fell down and 61worshipped.
61See marginal note on ch. 3:9.[Rev 6]
6:1 And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seven seals, and I heard one of the four living creatures saying as with a voice of thunder, 62Come.
62So CA 1611 2053 vg. ℵ and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., syrh read Come and see.6:2 63And I saw, and behold, a white horse, and he that sitteth thereon hath a bow; and there was given unto him a crown: and he came forth conquering and to conquer.
63So CℵA 1611 2053 vg. 792 2351 2329 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., omit And I saw, syrph reads And I heard and saw,6:3 And when he opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature saying, 64Come.
64So CA 1611 2053 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg. 469 2344 792 (eth) read Come and see. ℵ alone reads Come and see. 4 And I saw, and behold,6:4 And another horse came forth, a red horse: and to him that sitteth thereon it was given to take peace from the earth, and that they should slay one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.
6:5 And when he opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, 65Come. 66And I saw, and behold, a black horse; and he that sitteth thereon had a balance in his hand.
65So CA 1611 2053 vg. ℵ and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., syrh read Come and see.6:6 And I heard as it were a voice in the midst of the four living creatures saying, 67A measure of wheat for a 68shilling, and three measures of barley for a shilling; and the oil and the wine hurt thou not.
66So CℵA 1611 2053 vg. 2344 792 2351 2329 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., eth omit And I saw,
67Or, A choenix (i.e., about a quart) of wheat for a denarius — implying great scarcity. Compare Ez 4:16f., 5:16.6:7 when he opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying, 69Come.
68The word in the Greek, denarius, denotes a Roman coin worth the wage of a day laborer.
69So p24vidCAvid 1611 2053 vg. ℵ and the majority of lesser Gk. mss. read Come and see.6:8 70And I saw, and behold, a pale horse: and he that sat upon him, his name was Death; and Hades followed with him. And there was given unto them authority over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with the sword, and with famine, and with 71death, and by the wild beasts of the earth.
70So ℵA 1611 f 1678 94 vg syr. C 2053 read I saw, f 506 2344 792 2351 2329 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., eth omit And I saw,6:9 And when he opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar 72the souls of them that had been slain for the word of God, and for the witness which they held:
71Or, pestilence, Compare ch. 2:23 marginal note.
72Or possibly, the lives Cf. Lv 4:7; 21:1.6:10 and they cried with a great voice, saying, How long, O Master, the holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
6:11 And there was given them to each one a white robe; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little time, until their fellow-servants also and their brethren, who should be killed even as they were, 73should have completed their course.
73So ℵ and the majority of lesser Gk. mss. But CA 2344 vg syrph cop read should be completed in number. (cf. Apocrypha 2Esdras 4:36) 1611 2329 read shall complete their courses. 2029 (and Textus Receptus) read should complete themselves.6:12 And I saw when he opened the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the 74whole moon became as blood;
74Or, full moon (as just prior to an eclipse)6:13 and the stars of the heaven fell unto the earth, as a fig tree casteth its unripe figs when 75it is shaken of a great wind.
75Gk. she6:14 And the heaven was removed as a scroll when it is rolled up; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.
6:15 And the kings of the earth, and the princes, and the 76chief captains, and the rich, and the strong, and every bondman and freeman, hid themselves in the caves and in the rocks of the mountains;
76Or, military tribunes, Gk. chiliarchs (lit. captains of thousands)6:16 and they say to the mountains and to the rocks, Fall 77over us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
77Gk. on (Compare ch. 8:3)6:17 for the great day 78of their wrath is come; and who is able to stand?
78So Cℵ 1611 2053 f 1678 94 vg syr. A f 1006 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., eth read of his wrath[Rev 7]
7:1 After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that no wind should blow on the earth, or on the sea, or upon any tree.
7:2 And I saw another angel ascend from the sunrising, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a great voice to the four angels to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,
7:3 saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we shall have sealed the 79servants of our God on their foreheads.
79Gk. bondservants7:4 And I heard the number of them that were sealed, a hundred forty-four thousand, sealed out of every tribe of the sons of Israel:
7:5 Of the tribe of Judah were sealed twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Reuben twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Gad twelve thousand;
7:6 Of the tribe of Asher twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand;
7:7 Of the tribe of Simeon twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Levi twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Issachar twelve thousand;
7:8 Of the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand.
7:9 After these things I saw, and behold, a great multitude, which no man could number, out of every nation and of all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, arrayed in white robes, and palms in their hands;
7:10 and they cry with a great voice, saying, Salvation unto our God who sitteth on the throne, and unto the Lamb.
7:11 And all the angels were standing round about the throne, and about the elders and the four living creatures; and they fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God,
7:12 saying, Amen: 80Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiving, and honor, and power, and strength, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.
80Gk. The blessing, and the glory, and the etc.7:13 And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, These that are arrayed in the white robes, who are they, and whence came they?
7:14 And I 81say unto him, My lord, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they that come out of the great tribulation, and they washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
81Gk. have said7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God; and they serve him day and night in his 82temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall spread his tabernacle over them.
82Gk. ναος, temple house: or, sanctuary:7:16 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun strike upon them, nor any heat:
7:17 for the Lamb that is in the midst 83of the throne shall be their shepherd, and shall guide them unto fountains of waters of life: and God shall wipe away every tear from their eyes.
83Or, before See ch. 4:6; Compare ch. 5:6.[Rev 8]
8:1 And when he opened the seventh seal, there followed a silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.
8:2 And I saw the seven angels that stand before God; and there were given unto them seven trumpets.
8:3 And another angel came and stood 84over the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him 85much incense, that he should 86add it unto the prayers of all the saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.
84Or, at Gk. on8:4 And the smoke of the incense, 87with the prayers of the saints, went up before God out of the angel’s hand.
85Gk. many incenses,
87Or, for8:5 And the angel 88taketh the censer; and he filled it with the fire of the altar, and cast it 89upon the earth: and there followed thunders, and voices, and 90lightnings, and an earthquake.
88Gk. hath taken8:6 And the seven angels that had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.
89Or, into and in vs. 7.
90Or, bright lights, And so in ch. 4:5, 11:19, 16:18. Gk. astrape (αστραπη), lightning; but Mt and Lk do not use it with that meaning. Cf. Lk 11:36.
8:7 And the first sounded, and there followed hail and fire, mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of the earth was burnt up, and the third part of the trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.
8:8 And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood;
8:9 and there died the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, even they that had 91souls; and the third part of the ships was destroyed.
91Or, lives;8:10 And the third angel sounded, and there fell from heaven a great star, burning as a torch, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of the waters;
8:11 and the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.
8:12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; that the third part of them should be darkened, and the day should not shine for the third part of it, and the night in like manner.
8:13 And I saw, and I heard 92an eagle, flying in mid heaven, saying with a great voice, Woe, woe, woe, for them that dwell on the earth, by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, who are yet to sound.
92Gk. one eagle, So p115ℵA 1611 2053 MK vg syr. P MA read one angel, 2329 reads one,[Rev 9]
9:1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from heaven fallen unto the earth: and there was given to him the key of the wellshaft of the abyss.
9:2 And he opened the shaft of the abyss; and there went up a smoke out of the shaft, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the shaft.
9:3 And out of the smoke came forth locusts upon the earth; and authority was given them, as the scorpions of the earth have authority.
9:4 And it was said unto them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree, but only such men as have not the seal of God on their foreheads.
9:5 And it was given them that they should not kill them, but that they should be tried five months: and their trial is as the trial of a scorpion, when it striketh a man.
9:6 And in those days men shall seek death, and shall in no wise find it; and they shall desire to die, and death fleeth from them.
9:7 And the 93likenesses of the locusts were like unto horses prepared for war; and upon their heads as it were crowns like unto gold, and their faces were as men’s faces.
93Or, shapes9:8 And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions.
9:9 And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots, of many horses running to war.
9:10 And they have tails like unto scorpions, and stings; and in their tails is their power to hurt men five months.
9:11 They have over them as king the angel of the abyss: his name in Hebrew is 94Abaddon, and in the Greek tongue he hath the name Apollyon.
94That is, Destruction … Destroyer.9:12 The first Woe is past: behold, there come yet two Woes hereafter.
9:13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard 95a voice from the horns of the golden altar which is before God,
95Gk. one voice... So p47ℵaA 1611 2053 f 1678 vg syrh. f 1006 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read one voice from the four horns of ℵ* reads a voice of9:14 one saying to the sixth angel that had the trumpet, Loose the four angels that are bound at the great river Euphrates.
9:15 And the four angels were loosed, that had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, that they should kill the third part of men.
9:16 And the number of the armies of the horsemen was twice ten thousand times ten thousand: I heard the number of them.
9:17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sit on them, having breastplates as of fire and of hyacinth and of brimstone: and the heads of the horses are as the heads of lions: and out of their mouths proceedeth fire and smoke and brimstone.
9:18 By these three plagues was the third part of men killed, by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone, which proceeded out of their mouths.
9:19 For the power of the horses is in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails are like unto serpents, and have heads; and with them they hurt.
9:20 And the rest of mankind, who were not killed with these plagues, repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not 96worship demons, and the idols of gold, and of silver, and of 97copper, and of stone, and of wood; which can neither see, nor hear, nor walk:
96See marginal note on ch. 3:9.9:21 and they repented not of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.
97Or, brass, or, bronze,
10:1 And I saw another strong angel coming down out of heaven, arrayed with a cloud; and the rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire;
10:2 and he had in his hand a little book opened: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left upon the earth;
10:3 and he cried with a great voice, as a lion roareth: and when he cried, the seven thunders uttered their voices.
10:4 And 98when the seven thunders uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying, Seal up the things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not.
98So (C)A 1611 2053 and most lesser Gk. mss., vg syr. (2344) 1854 read when the seven thunders uttered their voices, and I was about to write them: ℵ copsa read whatsoever the seven thunders uttered, I was about to write: p47 eth copbo read I heard the thunders speak loud, and I was about to write them:10:5 And the angel that I saw standing upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his right hand to heaven,
10:6 and sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created the heaven and the things that are therein, and the earth and the things that are therein, 99and the sea and the things that are therein, that there shall be 100delay no longer:
99So p47C 2053 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg. But ℵ*(A) 1611 2344 syrph omit and the sea and the things that are therein,10:7 but in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, 101whenever he is about to sound, then is finished the mystery of God, according to the good tidings which he declared to his 102servants the prophets.
100Or, time Gk. χρονος, chronos
101See footnote in Marshall’s diaglott on ch. 3:16 …to be about to… – future, but not necessarily imminent.10:8 And the voice which I heard from heaven, I heard it again speaking with me, and saying, Go, take the book which is open in the hand of the angel that standeth upon the sea and upon the earth.
10:9 And I went unto the angel, saying unto him that he should give me the little book. And he saith unto me, Take it, and eat it up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but in thy mouth it shall be sweet as honey.
10:10 And I took the little book out of the angel’s hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey: and when I had eaten it, my belly was made bitter.
10:11 And they say unto me, Thou must prophesy again 103over many peoples and nations and tongues and kings.
103Or, concerning Compare Jo 12:16.[Rev 11]
11:1 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: 104and one said, Rise, and measure the 105temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.
104Gk. saying, So p47ℵ*A 1611 2053 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg. 2351 2329 1854 syr read And the angel stood, saying,11:2 And the court which is 106without the temple 107leave without, and measure it not; for it hath been given unto the 108nations: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty-two months.
105Gk. ναος, temple house or, sanctuary And so in vs. 2
106So p47A 1611 2053 and most. ℵ 2329 syrph read within the temple11:3 And I will give unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.
107Gk. cast without,
11:4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands, standing before the Lord of the earth.
11:5 And if any man desireth to hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth and devoureth their enemies; and if any man shall desire to hurt them, in this manner must he be killed.
11:6 These have the authority to shut the heaven that it rain not during the days of their prophecy: and they have authority over the waters to turn them into blood, and to smite the earth with 109every plague, as often as they shall desire.
109Or perhaps, each of the plagues whenever they wish.11:7 And when they shall have finished their witness, the beast that cometh up out of the abyss shall make war with them, and overcome them, and kill them.
11:8 And their 110dead body lies in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified.
110Gk. carcase (carcass) Also in vs. 9.11:9 And from among the peoples and tribes and tongues and nations do men look upon their dead body three days and a half, and suffer not their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb.
11:10 And they that dwell on the earth rejoice over them, and make merry; and they shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets had put them that dwell on the earth to the test.
11:11 And after the three days and a half the breath of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them that beheld them.
11:12 And 111they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they went up into heaven in the cloud; and their enemies beheld them.
111So Cℵ*A 2053 vg syr. f 1678 2329 read they themselves shall hear p47 1611 f 1006 94 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., cop read I heard11:13 And in that hour there was a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell; and there were killed in the earthquake 112seven thousand persons: and the rest were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven.
112Gk. names of men, seven thousand: Comp. ch. 3:4.11:14 The second Woe is past: behold, the third Woe cometh quickly.
11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there followed great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdom of the world is become the kingdom of our Lord, and of his Christ: and he shall reign 113for ever and ever.
113Gk. unto the ages of the ages. And so everywhere.11:16 And the twenty-four elders, who sit before God on their thrones, fell upon their faces and worshipped God,
11:17 saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who art and 114who wast; even because thou hast taken thy great power, and didst reign.
114So p47Cℵ* 0308 2344 (or, ...and because). But ℵaA 1611 2053 f 1678 94 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg syr read who wast, because f 1006 469 (copbo) read who wast, and who is to come; because11:18 And the nations were wroth, and thy wrath came, and the time of the dead to be judged, and the time to give their reward to thy 115servants the prophets, and to the saints, and to them that fear thy name, the small and the great; and to destroy them that destroy the earth.
115Gk. bondservants11:19 And there was opened the 116temple of God that is in heaven; and there was seen in his temple the ark of his covenant; and there followed lightnings, and voices, and thunders, and an earthquake, and great hail.
116Gk. ναος, temple house or, sanctuary[Rev 12]
12:1 And a great sign was seen in heaven: a woman arrayed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars;
12:2 and she was with child; and she crieth out, travailing in birth, and in pain to be delivered.
12:3 And there was seen another sign in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his heads seven diadems.
12:4 And his tail draweth the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon standeth before the woman that is about to be delivered, that when she is delivered he may devour her child.
12:5 And she was delivered of a son, a man child, who is to rule all the 117nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and unto his throne.
117 Or, Gentiles12:6 And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that there they may nourish her a thousand two hundred sixty days.
12:7 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels going forth to war with the dragon; and the dragon warred and his angels;
12:8 and they prevailed not, neither was their place found any more in heaven.
12:9 And the great dragon was cast down, the old serpent, he that is called the 118Devil and 119Satan, the deceiver of the whole 120world; he was cast down to the earth, and his angels were cast down with him.
118 Lit. Accuser12:10 And I heard a great voice in heaven, saying, 121Now is come the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, who accuseth them before our God day and night.
119 Lit. Enemy,
120Gk. οικουμενη, inhabited earth;
121Or, Now is the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom, become our God’s, and the authority is become his Christ’s:12:11 And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb, and because of the word of their witness; and they loved not their 122soul even unto death.
122Or, life12:12 Therefore rejoice, O heavens, and 123ye that dwell in them. Woe for the earth and for the sea: because the devil is gone down unto you, having great wrath, knowing that he hath but a short time.
123Gk. ye that tabernacle in them.12:13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast down to the earth, he persecuted the woman that brought forth the man child.
12:14 And there were given to the woman the two wings of the great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness unto her place, where she is nourished for 124a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.
124That is, three times and a half,12:15 And the serpent cast out of his mouth after the woman water as a river, that he might cause her to be carried away by the river.
12:16 And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth and swallowed up the river which the dragon cast out of his mouth.
12:17 And the dragon waxed wroth with the woman, and went away to make war with the rest of her seed, that keep the commandments of God and hold the witness of Jesus:
12:18 and 125he stood upon the sand of the sea.
125So p47CℵA vg syrh. 1611 2053 f 1678,1006 94 P and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., syrph read I stood (which would change vs. 12:18 into the beginning of vs. 13:1)[Rev 13]
13:1 And I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads, and on 126its horns ten diadems, and upon its heads 127a name of blasphemy.
126Or, his and so to 13:18. See Marshall’s diaglott.13:2 And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and its feet were as the feet of a bear, and its mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave it its power, and its throne, and great authority.
127So p47Cℵ f 1006 MA eth. A 1611 2053 f 1678 94 MK vg syrh read names of blasphemy.
13:3 And I saw one of its heads as though it had been 128smitten unto death; and its death-stroke was healed: and the whole earth wondered after the beast;
128Gk. slain13:4 and they 129worshipped the dragon, because he gave his authority unto the beast; and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? and who is able to war with it?
129See marginal note on ch. 3:9 (both times). Similarly in vss. 7, 8, 12 and 15.13:5 and there was given to it a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and there was given to it authority 130to continue forty-two months.
130Or, to do his works during See Dan 11:28.13:6 And it opened its mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, even them that 131dwell in the heaven.
131Gk. tabernacle in13:7 132And there was given to it authority over every tribe and people and tongue and nation.
132So p47CA 2053 MA. But p115ℵ (1611) f 1678,1006 94 MK vg syr(h),ph add And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: [Whether gloss or homoioarcton is uncertain.]13:8 And all that dwell on the earth shall worship him, every one whose name hath not been 133written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb that hath been slain.
133Or, written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.13:9 If any man hath an ear, let him hear.
13:10 134If any man is for captivity, he goeth into captivity: 135if any man shall kill with the sword, so with the sword must he be killed. Here is the 136patience and the faith of the saints.
134So p47,115vidCℵ 1611 2053. 469 792 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read If any man holdeth captive, he goeth into captivity: A vg read If any man is for captivity, into captivity he goeth: 2351 syr read If any man leadeth into captivity, into captivity he goeth:13:11 And I saw another beast coming up out of the earth; and it had two horns like unto a lamb, and it spake as a dragon.
135So C (2053) P 2329 vg (syrph) (cop). ℵ 1611 f 1006 2344 2351 1854 syrh eth read if any man killeth with the sword, so with the sword must he be killed. A alone reads if any man is to be killed with the sword, he by the sword is to be killed. 469 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read if any man lives by the sword, so must he be killed.
13:12 And it exerciseth all the authority of the first beast in its sight. And it maketh the earth and them that dwell therein to worship the first beast, of which the death-stroke was healed.
13:13 And it doeth great signs, that it should even make fire to come down out of heaven upon the earth in the sight of men.
13:14 And it deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by reason of the signs which it was given to it to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast who hath the stroke of the sword and lived.
13:15 And it was given unto it to give 137breath to it, even to the image of the beast, 138that even the image of the beast should speak; and it shall cause that as many as should not worship the image of the beast should be killed.
137Or, spirit13:16 And it causeth all, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, and the free and the bond, that there be given them a mark on their right hand, or upon their forehead;
138So A f 1006 P f 506 2344 (syrph) copsa. But 1611 94 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as etc. ℵ 469 2351 read that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause those that etc.
13:17 139and that no man should be able to buy or to sell, save he that hath the mark, even the name of the beast or the number of its name.
139So p47Avid f 1678,1006 94 and most lesser Gk. mss., vg eth. But Cℵ 1611 792 syr cop omit and13:18 Here is wisdom. He that hath understanding, let him count the number of the beast; for it is the number of a man: and its number is 140Six hundred sixty-six.
140So p47ℵA 1611 2053 and most. p115C read 616. 2344 reads 665. 256arm reads 366. Lost in translation are inferred alphabetic-numeric significances: χς̓ς (= 600+60+6 = 666; p47 and most minuscules) the symbol of the serpent inserted into χς (abbr. for χριστος, Christ; nominative case; e.g., Christ shall reign). χς̓ε (=665) the same, except in vocative case, χριστε (e.g., Thy name, O Christ, be praised). χχς (= 616) Christ divided. 1854 and a few lesser Gk. mss. append λατεινος [Latin] in margin (suggested by Irenaeus).[Rev 14]
14:1 And I saw, and behold, 141the Lamb standing on the mount Zion, and with him a hundred forty-four thousand, having his name, and the name of his Father, written on their foreheads.
141So CℵA 1611 2053 and the majority. p47 P 1854 copsa read a lamb14:2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and the voice which I heard was as the voice of harpers harping with their harps:
14:3 and they sing142 a new song before the throne, and before the four living creatures and the elders: and no man could learn the song save the hundred forty-four thousand, even they that had been purchased out of the earth.
142So p47,115?ℵ 1611 2053 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., syrh. But CA f 1006 vg syrph cop add as it were14:4 These are they that were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they that follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were purchased from among men, to be a firstfruits unto God and unto the Lamb.
14:5 And in their mouth was found no lie: they are without blemish.143
143296 2049 virtually alone add before the throne of God14:6 And I saw 144another angel flying in mid heaven, having 145eternal good tidings to proclaim unto them that 146sit on the earth, and unto every nation and tribe and tongue and people;
144So (p115)CA 1611 2053 vg syr. p47ℵ* and the majority of lesser Gk. mss. read an angel14:7 and he saith with a great voice, Fear God, and give him glory; for the hour of his judgment is come: and 147worship him that made the heaven and the earth and sea and fountains of waters.
145Or, an eternal gospel
146Or. dwell (sit possibly also implies judgeship)
147See marginal note on ch. 3:9. Also for vss. 9, 11.14:8 And 148another angel, a second, followed, saying, Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, that hath made all the nations to drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
148So (C) 1611 2053 P 2344 cop. A 2329 MK read another, a second angel, p47ℵ* 1854 f 1006 syrph read another, a second vg eth read another angel14:9 And another angel, a third, followed them, saying with a great voice, If any man worshippeth the beast and his image, and receiveth a mark on his forehead, or upon his hand,
14:10 he also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is 149prepared undiluted in the cup of his anger; and he shall be put to the test with fire and brimstone in the sight of the holy angels, and in the sight of the Lamb:
149Gk. mingled14:11 and the smoke of their trial goeth up 150for ever and ever; and they have no rest day and night, they that worship the beast and his image, and whoso receiveth the mark of its name.
150Gk. unto the ages of the ages; (Unlike elsewhere)14:12 Here is the 151patience of the saints, they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.
151Or, stedfastness or, endurance14:13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying, Write, Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from henceforth: 152Yes, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors; for their works follow with them.
152So CA 1611 f 1006 vg syr. 2329 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read the Spirit saith, Yes, 2053 almost alone reads and the Spirit saith, p47ℵ (eth) read the Spirit saith,14:14 And I saw, and behold, a white cloud; and on the cloud I saw one sitting like unto a son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.
14:15 And another angel came out from the 153temple, crying with a great voice to him that sitteth on the cloud, Send forth thy sickle, and reap: for the hour to reap is come; for the harvest of the earth is 154ripe.
153Gk. ναος, temple house, or, sanctuary, And similarly in vs. 17.14:16 And he that sitteth on the cloud cast his sickle upon the earth; and the earth was reaped.
154Gk. become dry.
14:17 And another angel came out from the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.
14:18 And another angel 155calleth out from the altar, he that hath authority over the fire; and he called with a great voice to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Send forth thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.
155Or, came forth out from the altar, he that So p47 (A) 1611 2053 (vg). But ℵ f 1006 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., (syr) cop read came forth out from the altar, he that C 2329 (eth) read came forth out from the altar, the one that14:19 And the angel cast his sickle into the earth, and gathered the 156vine of the earth, and cast it into the winepress, the great winepress, of the wrath of God.
156Or, grape-clusters of the earth,14:20 And the winepress was trodden without the city, and there came out blood from the winepress, even unto the bridles of the horses, as far as a thousand six hundred 157furlongs.
157Gk. stadia. 606¾ feet each. So Thayer’s lexicon.[Rev 15]
15:1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having seven plagues, which are the last, for in them is finished the wrath of God.
15:2 And I saw as it were a 158sea of glass mingled with fire; and them that come off victorious from the beast, and from his image, and from the number of his name, standing 159by the sea of glass, having harps of God.
158Or, glassy sea (twice) Compare 1Ki 7:23-26.15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the 160servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, O Lord God, the Almighty; righteous and true are thy ways, thou 161King of the ages.
160Gk. bondservant15:4 Who shall not fear, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy; for all the nations shall have come and shall worship before thee; for thy righteous acts have been made manifest.
161So p47Cℵ* 1611 vg syr. ℵaA 2053 2062 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss. read King of the nations. (Cf. vs. 4 and Jer 10:7). eth arm read King of all the nations. 2049 reads King of the saints.
15:5 And after these things I saw, and the 162temple of the tabernacle of the witness in heaven was opened:
162Gk. ναος, temple house or, sanctuary (twice) And similarly in vss. 6, 8.15:6 and there came out from the temple the seven angels that had the seven plagues, arrayed 163with precious stone, pure and bright, and girt about their breasts with golden girdles.
163So CA 2053 2062 vg almost alone. (Cf. Ez 28:13.) But p47ℵ 1611 and most read in linen, (Cf. ch. 19:8, 14.)15:7 And one of the four living creatures gave unto the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever.
15:8 And the 164temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and none was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels should be finished.
164Gk. ναος, temple house or, sanctuary (twice) And similarly in ch. 16:1, 17.[Rev 16]
16:1 And I heard a great voice out of the temple, saying to the seven angels, Go ye, and pour out the seven bowls of the wrath of God into the earth.
16:2 And the first went, and poured out his bowl into the earth; and 165it became a bad and malignant sore upon the men that had the mark of the beast, and that 166worshipped his image.
165Or, there came And so in vss. 3, 4.16:3 And the second poured out his bowl into the sea; and it became blood as of a dead man; and every 167living soul died, even the things that were in the sea.
166See marginal note on ch. 3:9.
167Gk. soul of life16:4 And the third poured out his bowl into the rivers and the fountains of the waters; 168and it became blood.
168So Cℵ f 1678 94 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg. But p47A 1611 2053 (2062) f 1006 syr cop read and they became blood.16:5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying, Righteous art thou, who art and who wast, thou Holy One, because thou didst thus 169judge:
169Or, judge. 6 Because they poured out ... prophets, thou hast given them blood also to drink:16:6 for they poured out the blood of saints and prophets, and blood hast thou given them to drink: they are worthy.
16:7 And I heard the altar saying, Yes, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.
16:8 And the fourth poured out his bowl upon the sun; and it was given unto 170it to scorch men with fire.
170Or, him16:9 And men were scorched with great heat: and they blasphemed the name of God who hath the authority over these plagues; and they repented not to give him glory.
16:10 And the fifth poured out his bowl upon the throne of the beast; and its kingdom was darkened; and they gnawed their tongues for pain,
16:11 and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores; and they repented not of their works.
16:12 And the sixth poured out his bowl upon the great river, the river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way might be made ready for the kings that come from the sunrising.
16:13 And I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits, as it were frogs:
16:14 for they are spirits of demons, working signs; which go forth 171unto the kings of the whole 172world, to gather them together unto the war of the great day of God, the Almighty.
171Or, upon16:15 (Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.)
172Gk. οικουμενη, inhabited earth,
16:16 And he gathered them together into the place which is called in Hebrew 173Har-Mageddon.
173Or, Ar-Magedon.16:17 And the seventh poured out his bowl upon the air; and there came forth a great voice out of the 174temple, from the throne, saying, 175It is done.
174So p47A 1611 2053 2062 f 1678 vg syr. 94 2344vid 792vid 1854 82 read heaven from the throne, ℵ (f 808) read temple of God, 469 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read temple of heaven from the throne,16:18 and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since 176there were men upon the earth, so great an earthquake, so mighty.
175Or, It has happened. Similar to ch. 21:6.
176(p47)A almost alone read there was a man upon etc.16:19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the 177nations fell: and Babylon the great was remembered in the sight of God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.
177Or, Gentiles16:20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.
16:21 And great hail, every stone about the 178weight of a talent, cometh down out of heaven upon men: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof is exceeding great.
178About 45 cm diameter, if literal. Cf. Mt 18:24.[Rev 17]
17:1 And there came one of the seven angels that had the seven bowls, and spake with me, saying, Come hither, I will show thee the condemnation of the great harlot that sitteth upon many waters;
17:2 with whom the kings of the earth committed fornication, and they that dwell in the earth were made drunken with the wine of her fornication.
17:3 And he carried me away in the spirit into a wilderness: and I saw a woman sitting upon a scarlet-colored beast, 179full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.
179Or, names full of blasphemy,17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and 180decked with gold and precious stone and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations, 181even the unclean things of 182her fornication,
180Gk. gilded17:5 and upon her forehead a name written, 183a mystery, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF THE HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.
181Or, and of the unclean things
182So A f 1678,1006 2344 vg eth. But 1611 2053 2062 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read fornication of the earth, ℵ (cop) read fornication of her and of the earth,
183Or, MYSTERY,17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the 184martyrs of Jesus. And when I saw her, I wondered with a great wonder.
184Or, witnesses See ch. 2:13.17:7 And the angel said unto me, Wherefore didst thou wonder? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carrieth her, which hath the seven heads and the ten horns.
17:8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and is about to come up out of the abyss, 185and to go into perdition. And they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, they whose name hath not been written 186in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast, how that it was, and is not, and shall be present.
185So ℵ f 1678,1006 and most lesser Gk. mss., vg syrh. But A 1611 2053 2062 eth syrph read and he goeth17:9 Here is the 187mind that hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth:
187Or, meaning17:10 and 188they are seven kings; the five are fallen, the one is, the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a little while.
188Or, there are17:11 And the beast that was, and is not, is himself also an eighth, and is of the seven; and he goeth into perdition.
17:12 And the ten horns that thou sawest are ten kings, who have not yet received a kingdom; but they receive authority as kings, with the beast, for one hour.
17:13 These have one mind, and they give their power and authority unto the beast.
17:14 These shall war against the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them, for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings; and they also shall overcome that are with him, called and chosen and faithful.
17:15 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the harlot sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.
17:16 And the ten horns which thou sawest, and the beast, these shall hate the harlot, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and shall burn her utterly in fire.
17:17 For God did put in their hearts to do his mind, and to come to one mind, and to give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God should be accomplished.
17:18 And the woman whom thou sawest is the great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth.
18:1 After these things I saw another angel coming down out of heaven, having great authority; and the earth was lightened with his glory.
18:2 And he cried with a strong voice, saying, Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, and is become a habitation of demons, and a 189hold 190of every unclean spirit, and a hold of every unclean and hateful bird.
189Or, prison (both times)18:3 For 191by the wrath of her fornication all the nations 192are fallen; and the kings of the earth committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth waxed rich by the power of her 193wantonness.
190So Cvidℵ 2053 2062 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg. A reads of every unclean spirit, and a hold of every unclean and hateful beast. 1611 1854 209 read of every unclean bird. 2329 syrh eth read of every unclean spirit, and a hold of every unclean bird, and a hold of every unclean and hateful beast.
191So (C)A 1611 2053 2062 vg. ℵ f 1006 2344vid and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., syrh copsa read by the wine of the wrath of her fornication f 506 209 arm read by the wrath of the wine of her fornication 1854 syrph read by the wine of her fornication18:4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come forth, my people, out of her, that ye have no fellowship with her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues:
192Gk. have stumbled; So CℵA 1611 (2053 2062) and most lesser Gk. mss., eth. (P) 2329 vg syrh read are drunken;
18:5 for her sins 194have reached even unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.
194Or, joined together18:6 Render unto her even as she rendered, and double unto her the double according to her works: in the cup which she mingled, mingle unto her double strength.
18:7 How much soever she glorified herself, and waxed 195wanton, so much give her of trial and mourning: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall in no wise see mourning.
195Or, luxurious,18:8 Therefore in one day shall her plagues have come, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned in fire; for strong is the Lord God who judged her.
18:9 And the kings of the earth, who committed fornication and lived 196wantonly with her, shall weep and wail over her, when they look upon the smoke of her burning,
196Or, luxuriously18:10 standing afar off for the fear of her trial, saying, Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.
18:11 And the merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, for no man buyeth their 197merchandise any more;
197Gk. cargo also in vs. 12.18:12 merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stone, and pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet; and all thyine wood, and every vessel of ivory, and every vessel made of 198most precious wood, and of copper, and iron, and marble;
198A f 1006 vg (eth) virtually alone read of precious stone,18:13 and cinnamon, and 199spice, and incense, and ointment, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and cattle, and sheep; and merchandise of horses and chariots and 200slaves; and 201souls of men.
199Gk. amomum,18:14 And the fruits which thy soul lusted after are gone from thee, and all things that were dainty and sumptuous are perished from thee, and men shall find them no more at all.
200Gk. bodies; Gen. 38:6 (in Septuagint version).
201Or, lives Gk. ψυχη, psyche.
18:15 The merchants of these things, who were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her trial, weeping and mourning;
18:16 saying, Woe, woe, the great city, she that was arrayed in fine linen and purple and scarlet, and 202decked with gold and precious stone and pearl!
202Gk. gilded18:17 for in one hour so great riches is made desolate. And every shipmaster, and every one 203that saileth any whither, and mariners, and as many as 204gain their living by sea, stood afar off,
203Lit. sailing to a place, So CA (1611) f 1006 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg. ℵ 2329 read sailing to the place, 2053 2062 (copsa) read sailing on the river, P 792 read sailing in ships,18:18 and cried out as they looked upon the smoke of her burning, saying, 205What city is like the great city?
204Gk. work the sea,
205Gk. Who is like the great city?18:19 And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and mourning, saying, Woe, woe, the great city, wherein all that had their ships in the sea were made rich by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.
18:20 Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye saints, and ye apostles, and ye prophets; for God hath judged your judgment on her.
18:21 And 206a strong angel took up a stone as it were a great millstone and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall Babylon, the great city, be cast down, and shall be found no more at all.
206Gk. one18:22 And the voice of harpers and minstrels and flute-players and trumpeters shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, 207of whatsoever craft, shall be found any more at all in thee; and the voice of a mill shall be heard no more at all in thee;
207So C 1611 2062 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg. 2053 reads and whatsoever craft, (ℵ)A copbo omit of whatsoever craft,18:23 and the light of a lamp shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the princes of the earth; for with thy sorcery were all the nations deceived.
18:24 And in her was found the blood of prophets and of saints, and of all that have been slain upon the earth.
19:1 After these things I heard as it were a great voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying, Hallelujah; Salvation, and the glory, and the power, belong to our God:
19:2 for true and righteous are his judgments; for he hath judged the great harlot, her that corrupted the earth with her fornication, and he hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.
19:3 And a second time they 208say, Hallelujah. And her smoke goeth up 209for ever and ever.
208Gk. have said,19:4 And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshipped God that sitteth on the throne, saying, Amen; Hallelujah.
209Gk. unto the ages of the ages, And so elsewhere.
19:5 And a voice came forth from the throne, saying, Give praise to our God, all ye his 210servants,211 ye that fear him, the small and the great.
210Gk. bondservants,19:6 And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of strong thunders, saying, Hallelujah: for 212the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigneth.
211Cℵ P eth copsa add even
212So 1611 2053 2062 and the majority, vg. A f 1006 copbo read the Lord God, ℵ reads God our Lord, 209 051 read our God, syrph* reads the Lord,19:7 Let us rejoice and be exceeding glad, and 213let us give the glory unto him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.
213So ℵ* 1611 (2062 P 2344 2329) and most, vg. ℵa?A 2053 read we will give19:8 And it was given unto her that she should array herself in fine linen, bright and pure: for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
19:9 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they that are bidden to the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are true words of God.
19:10 And I fell down before his feet to 214worship him. And he saith unto me, See thou do it not: I am a fellow-servant with thee and with thy brethren that hold the witness of Jesus: worship God: for the witness of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.
214See marginal note on ch. 3:9. (twice)19:11 And I saw the heaven opened; and behold, a white horse, and he that sitteth thereon is 215called Faithful and True; and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
215A P 209 arm almost alone omit called19:12 And his eyes are216 a flame of fire, and upon his head are many diadems; and he hath a name written which no one knoweth but he himself.
216So ℵ 1611 2053 2062 and most lesser Gk. mss. arm. But A f 1006 vg and most ancient versions add as19:13 And he is arrayed in a garment 217dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.
217So A and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa. (1611) 2053 2062 read sprinkled f 1006 (P 2329) vg eth read having sprinkled itself ℵ* reads having been covered19:14 And the armies which are in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and pure.
19:15 And out of his mouth proceedeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the 218winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the Almighty.
218Gk. winepress of the wine of the fierceness19:16 And he hath on his garment and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.
19:17 And I saw 219an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in mid heaven, Come and be gathered together unto the great supper of God;
219Gk. one angel19:18 that ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of 220captains, and the flesh of strong men, and the flesh of horses and of them that sit thereon, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, and small and great.
220Or, military tribunes, Gk. chiliarchs19:19 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sitteth upon the horse, and against his army.
19:20 And the beast was taken, and with it the false prophet that wrought the signs in its sight, wherewith he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast and them that worshipped its image: they two were cast alive into the lake of fire that burneth with brimstone:
19:21 and the rest were killed with the sword of him that sitteth upon the horse, even the sword which cometh forth out of his mouth: and all the birds were filled with their flesh.
20:1 And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain 221in his hand.
221Gk. upon20:2 And he laid hold on the dragon, the old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him 222for a thousand years,
222ℵ alone omits for a thousand years, and cast him (Two unnoteworthy mss. omit still more words.)20:3 and cast him into the abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years should be finished: after these things he must be loosed for a little time.
20:4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and 223judgment was given unto them: even I saw the souls of them that had been beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as worshipped not the beast, neither its image, and received not the mark upon their forehead and upon their hand; and they lived, and reigned with Christ a thousand years.
223Or, power of condemnation Gk. krima; cognate crime.20:5 224This is the first resurrection.
224So ℵ 2053 2062 94 MK [about 70 mss. total] syr. But A 1611 (f 1678,1006 2050 MA read And the rest...) [about 105 mss. total] vg (cop) add The rest of the dead lived not until the thousand years should be finished. eth (and about 13 unnoteworthy Gk. mss.) read ...lived not again until...20:6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: over these the second death hath no authority; but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him 225the thousand years.
225So ℵ 1611 2053 2062 f 1678 94 syr cop. But A 2050 f 1006 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., eth arm read a thousand years. [Latin does not distinguish.]20:7 And when the thousand years are finished, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
20:8 and shall come forth to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth (Gog and Magog, to gather them together to the war), the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.
20:9 And they went up over the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down 226from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
226So 1611 2053 2062 2050 f 1006 vg syrh. But A eth omit from God 2329 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., syrph cop read out of heaven from God, 1854 omits out of heaven20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where are also the beast and the false prophet; and they shall be 227put to the test day and night 228for ever and ever.
227Lit. rubbed on a touchstone (a test for genuineness of gold or similar metal) [Gk. basanizō]20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sitteth upon it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.
228Gk. unto the ages of the ages. And so elsewhere.
20:12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne; and books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works.
20:13 And the sea gave up the dead that were in it; and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.
20:14 And death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death, even the lake of fire.
20:15 And if any was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.
21:1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth are passed away; and the sea is no more.
21:2 And I saw 229the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband.
229Or, the holy city Jerusalem coming down new out of heaven21:3 And I heard a great voice out of the throne saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he shall 230dwell with them, and they shall be 231his peoples, and God himself 232shall be with them, and be their God:
230Gk. tabernacle with them,21:4 and he shall wipe away every tear from their eyes; and death shall be no more; neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain, any more: 233the first things are passed away.
231So ℵA 2053 2062 f 1678 2050 94. But 1611 f 1006 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg syr cop read his people,
232So A 2053 2062 (2050) vg eth. (ℵ) 94 MK read shall be with them: 1611 f 1006 copsa read shall be with them a God: P 209 MA read shall be with them their God:
233So A 1611 2053 2062 f 1678,1006 94. ℵa and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg syrh read because the first things 2050 reads because they ℵ* alone reads the sheep21:5 And he that sitteth on the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he saith, 234Write: for these words are faithful and true.
234Or, Write, These words are faithful and true.21:6 And he said unto me, 235They are come to pass. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.
235Or, They have happened. Similar to ch. 16:17.21:7 He that overcometh shall inherit these things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.
21:8 But for the fearful, and unbelieving, and abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, their part shall be in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone; which is the second death.
21:9 And there came one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls, who were laden with the seven last plagues; and he spake with me, saying, Come hither, I will show thee the bride, the wife of the Lamb.
21:10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God,
21:11 having the glory of God: her 236light was like unto a stone most precious, as it were a jasper stone, clear as crystal:
236Gk. luminary21:12 having a wall great and high; having twelve 237gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names written thereon, which are 238the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel:
237Gk. portals, and so throughout chs. 21 and 22.21:13 on the east were three gates; and on the north three gates; and on the south three gates; and on the west three gates.
238So A 1611 2053 (2050) 94. 2062 f 1678 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., syr eth read names ℵ P arm omit the names
21:14 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
21:15 And he that spake with me had for a measure a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
21:16 And the city lieth foursquare, and the length thereof is as great as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs: the length and the breadth and the height thereof are equal.
21:17 And he measured the wall thereof, a hundred forty-four cubits, 239according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel.
239Gk. a measure of a man,21:18 And the building material of the wall thereof was jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto pure glass.
21:19 The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, 240sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald;
240Or, lapis lazuli;21:20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprase; the eleventh, 241jacinth; the twelfth, amethyst.
241Or, hyacinth; or, sapphire;21:21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the several gates was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, 242as it were transparent glass.
242Or, transparent as glass.21:22 And I saw no 243temple therein: for the Lord God the Almighty, and the Lamb, are the temple thereof.
243Gk. ναος, temple house or, sanctuary21:23 And the city hath no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine upon it: for the glory of God did lighten it, 244and the lamp thereof is the Lamb.
244Or, and the Lamb, the lamp thereof.21:24 And the nations245 shall walk 246amidst the light thereof: and the kings of the earth bring their glory247 into it.
24594 1852 syrh add of them which are saved21:25 And the gates thereof shall in no wise be shut by day (for there shall be no night there):
247So ℵA f 1678,1006 2050 94 eth. 2053 (2062) vg add and the honor 1611 469 MK syrh add and the honor of the nations
21:26 and they shall bring the glory 248and the honor of the nations into it:
2482050 omits the None omits and the honor Cf. vs. 24.21:27 and there shall in no wise enter into it anything 249unclean, even he that 250maketh an abomination and a lie: but only they that are written in the Lamb’s book of life.
249Gk. common,[Rev 22]
22:1 And he showed me a river of water of life, bright as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of 251the Lamb,
251Or, the Lamb. In the midst of the street thereof, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life etc.22:2 in the midst of the street thereof. And on this side of the river and on that is the tree of life, bearing twelve 252kinds of fruits, yielding its fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations.
252Or, crops of fruit,22:3 And 253there shall be 254no curse any longer: and the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be therein: and his 255servants shall serve him;
253So ℵaA 1611 (2050) f 1006 MK syrh (cop). ℵ* f 1678 94 MA syrph read There shall be no curse:22:4 and they shall see his face; and his name shall be on their foreheads.
254Or, no longer anything accursed:
255Gk. bondservants And in vs. 6.
22:5 And there shall be night no longer; and they need no light of lamp, neither light of sun; for the Lord God shall give them light: and they shall reign 256for ever and ever.
256Gk. unto the ages of the ages. And so elsewhere.22:6 And he said unto me, These words are faithful and true: and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent his angel to show unto his servants the things which must shortly come to pass.
22:7 And behold, I come quickly. Blessed is he that keepeth the words of the prophecy of this book.
22:8 And I John am he that heareth and seeth these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to 257worship before the feet of the angel that showed me these things.
257See marginal note on ch. 3:9.22:9 And he saith unto me, See thou do it not: I am a fellow-servant with thee and with thy brethren the prophets, and with them that keep the words of this book: worship God.
22:10 And he saith unto me, Seal not up the words of the prophecy of this book; for the time is at hand.
22:11 He that is unrighteous, let him do unrighteousness 258still: and he that is filthy, let him be made filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him do righteousness still: and he that is holy, let him be made holy still.
258Or, yet more: (all four times)22:12 Behold, I come quickly; and my 259reward is with me, to render to each man according 260as his work is.
259Or, wages are22:13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, 261the beginning and the end.
260So ℵA (f 1678 2050) ((syrh)) almost alone. 2053 2062 f 1006 94 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read as his work shall be. 469 792 (1852**) and 13 lesser Gk. mss., vg (eth syrph) read to his work. (omitting is)
261Or, the beginning and the consummation.22:14 Blessed are they that wash their robes, that they may have authority over the tree of life, and may enter in by the gates into the city.
22:15 Without are the dogs, and the sorcerers, and the fornicators, and the murderers, and the idolaters, and every one that loveth and 262maketh a lie.
262Or, doeth Compare ch. 21:27.22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to witness unto you these things 263unto the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright, the morning star.
263Gk. over or, upon And twice in vs. 18.22:17 264And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And he that heareth, let him say, Come. And he that is athirst, let him come: he that will, let him receive the water of life freely.
264Or, Both22:18 I witness unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto them, God shall add unto him the plagues which are written in this book:
22:19 and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, 265which are written in this book.
265Or, even from the things which are written22:20 He who witnesseth these things saith, Yes: I come quickly. Amen: come, Lord Jesus.
22:21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be 266with all the saints. Amen.
266So 2053 2062 f 1678 94 and most Gk mss., syr. A vg read with all. ℵ (2329) read with the saints. Amen. 2050 (eth with you...) reads with us all. Amen. f 1006 reads with all the saints.